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Our Super awesome Golgi apparatus Prezi

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jake steele

on 23 October 2013

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Transcript of Our Super awesome Golgi apparatus Prezi

During Nucleokinesis, trans-location of the Golgi apparatus either precedes or occurs in parallel to that of the nucleus, suggesting the existence of both a Golgi/Centrosome-dependent and -independent mechanism of nucleokinesis.
What is the Golgi Apparatus' functions and what do they do?
The gogli apparatus works like a post office and sends the proteins to the appropriate part of the cell
As you can tell, the golgi apparatus looks like a stack of flattened sacks. There is about 20-30 sacks within the organelle. They receive vesicles from the endoplasmic reticulum and send the proteins to their needed location
The journey of a protein
Proteins are made by ribosomes
Proteins are packaged into vesicles by the endoplasmic reticulum
The vesicles are sent from the Golgi Body to the appropriate location
Proteins go through the cell membrane and leave the cell
Why is the golgi apparatus so important?
Reason #1: The cell needs the Golgi Body to send the protein to the right spot. If the cell would go without a Golgi Body it would be like not having a ride to school. If you don't go to school, you fail. That is what would happen with the cell.

Here is a picture of the eukaryotic cell


Here is a picture of the Golgi Apparatus within the cell
The Golgi apparatus has a complex collection of membrane

This complex membrane allows this secretion system

Rough ER + Golgi Apparatus = <3
As the endoplasmic reticulum produces proteins due to the presence of ribosomes inside, the immature proteins from the ER move to Golgi body to be sorted, labelled and packaged into vessicles.
They use a transport vesicles to move these proteins. Proteins with ER-retention signal are sent back to the ER. Otherwise protein continues through the Golgi apparatus for further modifications, sorting and shipping to the plasma membrane.
Nucleus + golgi = <3
Ribosomes + Golgi = <3
Ribosomes receive mRNA and are responsible for protein synthesis, located on the endoplasmic reticulum which transports these proteins in vesicles. The Golgi apparatus receives this and modifies it to then be secreted out the cell via exocytosis.
Vesicles + Golgi Apparatus = <3
Reason #2: The proteins that the golgi apparatus transport are vital to all organisms. Proteins are responsible for many things an organisms does. Proteins make up enzymes, used for structure, help systems function, and regulate the bodies tissues and organs.
The golgi apparatus is an organelle that modifies proteins. It has several stacks called cisternae which have different functions are the stacks progress. To move from stack to stack golgi vesicles are used. Once the protein is finished being modified, golgi vesicles transport it to its final destination.
Rough ER
Ribosomes enter Rough ER
Ribosomes make proteins inside the ER
Transport vesicles "Transport" them to the Golgi Apparatus
Golgi apparatus Releases proteins into cell
Reason #3: The golgi apparatus puts proteins together in a special way so that proteins get shipped to the right area. If the protein do not go to the right area, you die. :0
Nature.com. Nature Publishing Group, n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2013
"Golgi Apparatus - Packing Things Up." Biology4Kids.com: Cell Structure: Golgi Complex. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2013.
"What Is the Function of Ribosomes and Golgi Bodies?" WikiAnswers. Answers, n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2013.
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