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biography

john a. macdonald
by

charlotte carillo

on 8 January 2013

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Transcript of biography

For Canadians, few names conjure up grander past than John A. MacDonald. The first prime minister of Canada and a resolute architect of Confederation. A charismatic leader and legendary fire brand whose exploits made him a favorite of voters, cartoonists and critics alike, MacDonald. Also known as "The Old Chieftain" and "Old Tomorrow". He was active in politics before and after Confederation, and is Canada's second longest serving prime minister having held that position for 19 years in the vast new country he did so much to help build. Death Date.. Canada's first prime minister, Sir John A. MacDonald, was a chronic alcoholic with propensity for consuming copious amounts of booze. He suffered a severe stroke on May 29, 1891. MacDonald died eight days later on June 6, 1891 at the age of 76. Political Career ~MacDonald experienced hardship during his wife illness.
~McDonalds government fell in 1862 as an indirect result of the American Civil War.
~ He had been dragging himself through the dreary waste of colonial waste.
~MacDonald fought for strong central government.
~MacDonald proposal about Confederation failed in the first instance in all four of the Maritime colonies.
~MacDonald was devastated by the premature deaths of his wife and first son. Life Story of John A. Macdonald........ John A. MacDonald was born in Glasgow, Scotland in January 11, 1815. The son of Hugh MacDonald and Helen Shaw MacDonald. His family came to Canada in 1820 and settled in Kingston because they already have relatives living there. He had one brother, James, a year younger than he was. James died in 1822 His two sisters were Margaret (1813) and Louisa (1818). Life Story continued The first wife of John A. MacDonald was Isabella Clark MacDonald. They married in 1843 and had two sons; John Alexander Macdonald (1847-1848) and Hugh John MacDonald (1850-1929). John Alexander MacDonald died in infancy. And Isabella suffered from tuberculosis and was an invalid for most of her marriage.
Then he met Susan Agnes Bernard (second wife) and they married in 1867. Their joy over the birth of a daughter in 1869 was mitigated by the fact that she suffered from hydrocephaly, which caused both mental and physical handicaps. Education.............. * MacDonald was introduced to politics in 1843 when he served as city alderman in Kingston Ontario.
*He was elected as Conservative Representative for Kingston in the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada in 1844.
*Receiver General for the province of Canada.
*Minister of Militia Affairs, 1861-1862, 1865-1867.
*Minister of Justice and Attorney General, 1867-1873.
* To unite the nation, MacDonald began the Intercolonial Railway which ran from Halifax to the Pacific coast and included Canada's two newest provinces; British Columbia and Manitoba and the North West Territories in 1871. john a. macdonald Thanks for listening..... The bronze statue is a sculpture of Sir John A. McDonald, at the south entrance of Victoria Park, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada. John A. MacDonald By: Charlotte Shayne Pajinag Carillo (Father of Confederation) Biography of Isabella Clark MacDonald (the first wife of John A. MacDonald). Susan Agnes MacDonald (the second wife of John A. MacDonald). When he was fifteen he began to study law, and by the time he was nineteen he had opened his own law office in Kingston. He quickly get his reputation for taking hard cases, and for being a skillful lawyer. MacDonald soon started his political career as a councilor in Kingston in 1843. Four years later he moved to provincial politics when he was elected as the conservative party's member for Kingston in 1847.
As a member of Conservatives, MacDonald manage to unite French and English politicians. This allowed the new Liberal-Conservative party to form the government. After the leader of the party retired in 1856 MacDonald became co-prime minister of the Province of Canada. In order to deal with the province of Canada's economic and political problems, a group of politician led by MacDonald came up with an idea of joining of the Maritime colonies to form a larger country. MacDonald was a driving force behind Confederation, and it was because the important part that he played that he was asked to be Canada's first prime minister. He remained prime minister for most of the rest of his life. He died on June 6, 1891, soon after winning his fourth election. life story continued..... life story continued :) Introduction.... Hardship... In the 1820s, Kingston was one of the most important settlements in Upper Canada and had the best schools available in the area. That's why MacDonald, when he was ten years old, left home in Hay Bay and returned to Kingston, living as a boarder in a house on Rideau Street.
At the time, some public money was spent on schools but normally students had to pay tuition. It must have been expensive for the McDonalds to educate their son at Midland District Grammar School, especially when they had to pay board as well. But they knew that if he was going to make something of himself he would have to get the best education that they could afford. So his parents decided that he should become a lawyer and at 15, he was old enough to start his legal training. Signature of John A. MacDonald * Joint premier Canada with Etienne-Paschal Cartier, 1856-1857, and George Etienne Cartier, 1857-1858, 1858-1862.
* Co-leader Great Coalition with George Brown 1864-1865 and with George Etienne Cartier 1865-1867.
* His main accomplishments as Prime Minister of Canada also include the building of the Trans- Canadian railroad. .
* The creation of the first National Park in Banff, Alberta 1885.
* He helped bring the provinces of Upper and Lower Canada, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick together in 1867 to form Canada.
* His deft handing in relations with the United States, rising to the challenge of the Northwest rebellion and his balancing of French and English in acceptable term for most. Achievements... * Questionable deals between the conservatives and the railway syndicate lead to the pacific scandal in 1873. McDonald was forced to resign and lost the election in 1874.
* Won fourth consecutive election in March 1891 and died three months later on June 6, 1891 while still in office.
* Worked throughout the 1860s to promote Confederation.
~Attended the conference held in Charlottetown, P.E.I. on September 1, 1864.
-Provinces were dealing with their own 'anti-Confederation' forces.
-Newfoundland union outright.
-Prosperous Maritime provinces feared their autonomy. http://www.canadahistory.com/sections/eras/confederation/Fathathers.html
http://en.wikipediq.org/wiki/Fathers_of_Confederation
http://www.thacanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/fdhistoathers-of-confederation
http://uppercanadahistory.ca/pp/pp9.html
http://www.canadachannel.ca/canadianbirthdays/index.php/Category:Fathers_of_Confederation
http://www.cityofkingston.ca/pdf/culture/heritage/SirJohnA_Wives.pdf
http://www.google.ca/search?q=photos+of+sir+john+a+macdonald&hl=en&tbo=u&rlz=1T4ADFA_enCA393CA393&tbm=isch&source=univ&sa=X&ei=TE7UUNnRLueU2wW2l4HQCw&ved=0CDIQsAQ
http://www.google.ca/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=photos+of+sir+john+a+macdonald&source=web&cd=24&cad=rja&ved=0CH8QFjAX&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.collectionscanada.gc.ca%2F023%2F013%2F023013-7020.2-e.html&ei=TE7UUNnRLueU2wW2l4HQCw&usg=AFQjCNGOBhQVyGfJLkiSMuPAWkX5XgI4Nw&bvm=bv.1355534169,d.b2I
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page
http://www.google.ca/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=sir+john+a.+macdonald+biography&source=web&cd=5&cad=rja&ved=0CE4QFjAE&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.canada-heros.com%2Fmacdonald_john.html&ei=L1DUUI-rE8jE2QWExIGADA&usg=AFQjCNE8j73JczsHqS2kccwb-ApWDkGn5Q&bvm=bv.1355534169,d.b2I CITATIONS: MacDonald was only fifteen years old when he left school. His parents had decided that he should become a lawyer and at fifteen, he was old enough to start his legal training. The usual way to study law was to work in a lawyers office and gradually learn everything that was needed to write the law exams. This is MacDonald did for five years. Then at the age of twenty, he became qualified to practice as a lawyer. He opened his first law office on Wellington Street. gangnamstyle_lastchristmas The Quebec Conference(1864) Life Story Continued......
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