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The French Revolution
Transcript of The French Revolution
2. Bad Harvests
3. Absolute Monarchy
4. Enlightment Time
5. Rumors Beginning: King Louis XVI was in major debt and needed money.
Reluctantly, he called together the Estates General. Estates General:
First Estate- religious ministers
Second Estate- nobles
Third Estate- commoners Change France went from an absolute monarchy, to a constitutional monarchy, and then to a form of today's communism. The leaders of France, Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI, were killed. Three constitutions were made. The nobility lost their status, power, and money. Napolean Bonaparte became the new leader. The guillotine was invented. France now has a national holiday called Bastille Day on July 14. The French flag is blue, white, and red. The National Assembly: During the meetings, tension grew between parties in the Estates General.
The third party named themselves the National Assembly in June 1789.
The National Assembly's goal was to make a new constitution for France. Road to a new government: 1789 1800 July 14, 1789
The people of Paris joined together and created a massive mob. This angry mob stormed the fortress of Bastille on July 14.
The reason the mob attacked Bastille is because it represented authority and power of the royals.
The guards either left their post because they were scared, or joined forces with the mob.
The mob easily got into the heavily guarded fortress.
The leader was killed and prisoners were set free.
About 100 people were killed.
This lead to the start of The Great Fear three days later. And many nobles fled from Paris.
The men wore a three-sided hat with traditional French colors, blue and red. They later added white. Today, the three colors from the revolution make up the French flag. The Storming of Bastille Cited Work "Napolean Bonapart." about.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Feb. 2011. <http://europeanhistory.about.com/od/bonapartenapoleon/a/bionapoleon.htm>.
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen." Human Constitutional Rights. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2011. <http://www.hrcr.org/docs/frenchdec.html>.
Time Line of Events." Timeline of Events. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2011. <http://www.angelfire.com/va/frenchrev/timeline.html>.
"France History- French Revolution." Bonjour La France. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2011. <http://www.bonjourlafrance.com/france-history/french-revolution.htm>.
"French Revolution A Chronology." French Revolution A Chronology. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Mar. 2011. <http://faculty.unlv.edu/gbrown/hist462/resources/chrono.htm>. August 26, 1789 The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen was the basis of the new constitution of France.
Twenty members of the National Assembly the document.
The French based it off of the American Declaration of Independence.
It said that men are born free with equal rights.
The biggest points stated people have freedom of speech and habeas corpus. July 12, 1790 Civil Constitution of the Clergy The Civil Constitution of the Clergy tried to keep the clergy from being corrupt.
The bishops of France had to take an oath to the State. Women's March on Versailles October 5, 1789 About 7,000 angry women went to Versailles.
Versailles was a royal palace.
The women were angry bread prices were too high and blamed the queen.
The women even sang about murdering Marie Antoinette.
The women broke into the palace and almost killed Marie, but she escaped through a secret passage to her husband's quarters.
In the end, the royal family was captured and was placed on house arrest back in Paris. May 19, 1790 Noblility was abolished by the National Assembly. June 20-25, 1791 The Royal Family Flees From Paris Things are so bad the royal family leaves Paris and heads to Montmédy to make a counter-revolution.
The nanny acted as a Russian baroness. The king's sister and the queen acted as the maid and the king was the butler.
The king was recognized in a small town. They were then arrested in Varennes.
On June 25, the family was back in Paris.
September 30, 1791 The National Assembly wrote a new constitution. The new constitution was called the French Constitution of 1791. April 20, 1792 France declared war on Belgium. December 3, 1792 King Louis XVI is sentenced to death. The French believe Louis has to die so the new country can survive. January 21, 1793 King Louis was executed by the guillotine. September 22, 1793
A new calendar was introduced.
It was called the French Revolution Calendar. October 16, 1793 Marie Antoinette was executed by the guillotine. August 22, 1795 A new constitution was made.
It was called the French Constitution of 1795. November 2, 1795 The Executive Directory takes control over France. November 9, 1799 Coup d'état General Napoleon Bonaparte overthrew the Executive Directory.
The overthrow is called 18 Brumaire. December 24, 1799 Constituion of the Year VIII This new constitution gave Bonaparte power to be leader.
He declared himself the "First Consul for life".
Basically, he became a dictator of France.