Transcript of Pompeii
But What Was Pompeii Like Before Mount Vesuvius Pompeii The City Swallowed by Mount Vesuvius Pompeii Mount Vesuvius erupted on August 24th 79 A.D. It buried the ancient Roman city, Pompeii under a thick blanket of volcanic ash. One Pompeian wrote, "...[T]he dust poured across land like a flood, and shrouded the city in “a darkness…like the black of closed and unlighted rooms...” Many inhabitants of Pompeii, and the city that once thrived, was abandoned. Later, in 1748, Pompeii was rediscovered by a group of explorers. To their surprise, Pompeii’s buildings, artifacts, and skeletons were left behind almost completely intact. Government The Pompeians had a currency with important military and government officials' faces on them. Government In addition, the Pompeians had shackles, which proves that they had social control. This body cast below, is of a man who had shackles that bound his feet together. These shackles prevented him from reaching the city gates to escape the volcanic eruption in time. Government The Forum is another example of government. This was the economic, religious, and political center of Pompeii. Stable Food Supply The Mortar and Pestle was mainly used to crush, grind and mix a wide variety of foods, including grains, olives, grapes, beans, and spices. Many of the foods were from trade and commerce. Stable Food Supply Carbonized food was found at Pompeii, such as peach pits, walnuts, and bread (as seen below). Social Structure Diners would recline on these triclinium couches to almost a laying-down position as they ate their food; but only the wealthy and high-respected Pompeians could recline while eating . Lower class people would have brought normal chairs to sit and eat in. Social Structure Jewelry was another important aspect of social class. The more jewelry worn, the higher social class you lived in. Art Frescoes are paintings done on wet plaster. They were painted on walls, ceilings or floors. They commonly told stories about the gods or important battles. Art Important government officials, bankers, and other important people of Pompeii were sculpted from their upper chest and up. Religion Many Pompeian houses had small religious shrines. Religion The Pompeians made many sculptures of their gods and deities. This sculpture below is of Bacchus, the god of wine. Writing Graffiti was very common. It was a way Pompeians expressed themselves. Most graffiti was fairly vulgar and written in Latin on walls. It was very similar to the way graffiti is nowadays. Writing The Roman Wax Tablet were used for writing. It was like a white board, and commonly used as a writing surface for temporary information. Although, some contracts were written on these wax tablets. Technology One of the many artifacts found at Pompeii was lead water containers and pipes. Technology Due to the warm climate, Pompeii homes did not require much heating. Instead of having fixed fireplaces, most households relied on portable braziers like this one to warm rooms. Charcoal was burned in the internal iron canister, which was easily removed for emptying. Definitions 7 Characteristics of a Civilization Syncretism blending traits from two different cultures to form a new trait Pompeians mixed Roman culture with Greek culture in a couple ways. One was through art. Another was through religion. They combined Roman and Greek mythology by taking certain stories and myths from both the Greeks and the Romans. Below is a Roman painting of Aphrodite. Also, the Pompeians mixed the food they traded for together with their own crops and harvest to create new types of food with new methods of cooking. Assimilation Acculturation culture change resulting from contact between cultures. A process of external culture change. when one ethnic group absorbs another, so that the cultural traits of the assimilated group become indistinguishable Cultural Imperialism Hegemony when one ethic group is dominant over another; it’s “natural” in social structure The people of Pompeii used the process acculturation to combine the Roman ways with the Greek ways. One way was through religion. We didn't feel that there was an example of cultural imperialism. There wasn't a certain culture who prosecuted another culture forcing them to practice their culture. the rapid spread or advance of once culture at the expense of others, or its imposition on other cultures which modifies, places, or destroys usually because of differential economic or political influences Slaves obeyed their master because the master had hegemonic force over the slaves. The slaves found it "normal" to listen to the commands of their owner/master and their owner/master found it "normal" to boss their slaves. Full transcript
Also, the Roman ways had hegemonic force over the Greeks. Basically, the Roman ways and mythology was dominant in Pompeii and it as "natural" to speak Latin and follow the Roman religion. Pompeii By: Anna, Blas, Cara, Lily, and Audrey Thanks for Watching!