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Transcript of cockney
Ninel Gasparyan COCKNEY GEOGRAPHY of
COCKNEY ENGLISH A true cockney is anyone born within the sound of the bells of St. Mary-le-Bow, Cheap Side COCK'S EGG comes from ETYMOLOGY OF "COCKNEY" COKENE (OE cocc, kok) EY (OE aeg; ME ey) + HISTORY AND SOCIOLINGUISTICS local merchants
common people of the streets and many markets
thieves and little criminals
tallyman USAGE ATTITUDES TOWARDS COCKNEY NEGATIVE: The cockney mode of speech, with its unpleasant twang, is a modern corruption without legitimate credentials, and is unworthy of being the speech of any person in the capital city of the Empire." Bernard Show POSITIVE: The London dialect is really, especially on the South side of the Thames perfectly legitimate and responsible child of the old kentish tongue. McBride The Cockney dialect made its first important appearance in literature in the 18th century. It did so mainly through characters in Charles Dickens's
successful novels. THE FIRST APPEARANCE IN LITERATURE! 1. Monophthongization [ai] and [oi] are monophthongized in the words like right, time, like and pronounced as [ra:t],[ta:m] and [la:k] also [bo:l],[to:l] in the words boil, toil
mouth [mæuf] = mauf [mæ:f]
a) cat [kæ?t] ; up; sock
b) t ,p, k glottalling in final position:
Wateerloo = Wa'erloo;
City = Ci'y;
A drink of water = A drin' a wa'er;
A littel bit of bread with a bit of butter on it = A li'le bi' of bread wiv a bi' of bu'er on i'.
c) in some acceptable words such as Gatwick=Ga'wick; Scotland=Sco'land; statement=Sta'emet; network=Ne'work 4. Dropped 'h' at beginning of words (Voiceless glottal fricative)house= 'ousehammer= 'ammer5.TH fronting thin= finbrother= bruvverthree= freebath=barf6. Vowel loweringdinner= dinnamarrow= marra 4. Dropped 'h' at beginning of words
(Voiceless glottal fricative)
6. Vowel lowering
"Chest tone" voice with "rough and harsh" sounds COCKNEY RHYMING SLANG 1) Rhyme does not take place
Bull and Cow: row (fight) 2) Rhyme is impure
Brass Tacks: facts 3) Rhyme is pure
Hampstead Heath: teeth 4) Rhyme element is omitted
China Plate: Mate 5) Impossibility of dropping
Walter Scott: pot Elrig=Girl
Owt=Two SPECIFICATION OF MEANING 1) Romany
Chavvy=Child BORROWINGS 3)Arabic ackers=money 4)Hindi dekko=a look gelt=money clobber=clouds 2)Yiddish 1) Abbreviation
God Blind Me=Cor blimey
What cheer!=Wotcher! OTHER CHARACTERISTICS OF COCKNEY SLANG SYNTAX 1) Multiple negation
I ain't never done nothing
You seen 'im! - I never! They done it. You was
3) Reflexive pronouns
'E'll 'urt 'isself
5)Adverbs without LY
Trains are running normal!
Down the pub, up her nan's, out the window
7)other non-standard forms
Where's me bag? Ain't it (inni')? PHONOLOGY "And I sigge, bi my soule ,
I have no salt Bacon, we no
Cockneyes, bi Crist, Colopus
To maken" STAGE I (14th century)
misshsapen, malformed egg W. Langland Piers Plowman STAGE II
(late 14th and 15th century) pampered, spoilt child "And when this jape is told another day,
I sal been holde a daf, cokenay!" G. Chaucer
Canterbury Tales "This cockneys and tytylynges may abide no sorrow when they come to age." STAGE III (16th century)
any city dweller of any city as opposed to countrymen Robert Whitinton
Vulgaria STAGE IV (17th century)
A Londoner A Cockney or Cockny, applied only to one borne within the sound of Bow- bell, that is, within the City of London". John Minsheu
Doctor in linguas STAGE V (18th century)
Londoners and their dialect THANK YOU
FOR YOUR ATTENTION! Sivertsen, E. (1960). Cockney phonology. Oslo: University Press.
Stern, D. A. (1979). Cockney. Los Angeles: Dialect Accent Specialists.
Trudgill, P. (1990), The Dialects of England, London: Blackwell.
Wright, P. (1981), Cockney Dialect and Slang, London: B.T. Batsford. References