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PTW Training (Signatory & PICWS)

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Eric Ugaddan

on 21 April 2014

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Transcript of PTW Training (Signatory & PICWS)

Responsibilities:
ENDORSER – Asset Operator responsible for re-endorsing permit to ASC
Confirming there is no conflict with other permits or activity prior to worksite endorsement
Update the status display in the PCF
Advising the Shift Controller of any potential conflict situations.
Area Authority – responsible for continuous safety of the worksite:
Confirming the safety of the worksite and to note on the permit the Date and time the work may continue.
Examine the worksite when work is suspended, and before it is re-started, to ensure work is completed in a safe condition.

Responsibilities:
ACCEPTOR – (Authorized Maintenance/Engineering Authority)
Ensure the Permit is displayed at the work site
Ensure the PICWS understands the action to be taken if the work has to be suspended, or in the event of incident or emergency situation.
Return permitry to the PCF at the end of the work period, and collecting re-endorsed permitry for the next work period.
Confirm the worksite is clear, and affected equipment is in safe condition, prior to formal handback to the AO when work is completed.

Responsibilities are delegated to :
ACCEPTOR – (Authorized Maintenance/Engineering Authority)
Accepting the permit on behalf of the work party.
Confirming to the Issuing Authority that he understands:
The work to be done
The precautions identified in the PTW and associated Risk Assessment.
Agree with Issuing Authority the Toolbox talk requirements:
Who undertakes it
Who attends it
When and where it is undertaken, including the requirement for any repeat or additional toolbox talk.
Instructing the PICWS on the required worksite presence and content of the PTW
Ensure that PICWS can communicate effectively with the work group

Responsibilities:
ISSUER – Asset Operator
Responsible for handing over the equipment to Maintenance/Engineering Authority and accepting equipment back into his control.
Confirm the worksite has been examined and all precautions specified has been in place including isolations required before work commences.
Confirming that no conflict exists with other Permitry and/or activities.
Advise the Area Authority that permit is ready for endorsement.
Accepting back the Permitry (for further endorsement or closure)
Ensuring before a permit is closed any precautions and isolations and/or equipment or system inhibit/overrides, are withdrawn and returned to normal.
Ensure work shift handover procedure is being followed.
Ensure all permits status displayed at PCF
Ensure that work which has been suspended is no conflict with other permit or activity prior to endorsement by AA at worksite.
Issue & endorse permit where work is in a common area.
Accepting the equipment back into operations and authorizing any de-isolations.

Responsibilities:
ORIGINATOR
Describe on the work permit and on supporting permits the work to be undertaken, the hazards associated with work and the necessary controls. (Box 1 to 6)
Where the work is complex, it may be necessary to support the permit with a MEMS or ASC or both.
Discuss and agree the work scope , equipment to be used, and Permit details with the Authorized Maintenance/Engineering Authority who will then present the Permit at the daily PTW Meeting for validation by the AO.


Responsibilities:
AGT
Responsible for recording on the Gas Test Certificate, the times and results of initial gas tests.
Where applicable, obtaining the counter signature of the Area Authority on the Gas Test Certificate after the initial, and any subsequent gas test.
Stops the work if gas tests results are outwith the expected range, and bringing it to the attention of the AA and/or the AO.

HSE Superintendents
Fulfils advisory role to the Operations and Engineering Line
Support to the Plant or Pipeline VP in maintaining standards, monitoring adherence to standards, by audit and follow-up.
Maintaining records of all level 1 audit and updating of status in RAP
Focal point relating the PTW and maintaining register of approved derogations from the PTW systems.
Keeping register of all personnel trained and authorized by the Plant or Pipeline VP.


Department Superintendent: Asset Holder
Responsible and accountable to the Asset Owner for the integrity and safe condition of the systems
Assisting the Plant or Pipeline VP with implementation and administration of work under the PTW system
Reviewing and issuing permits requiring the higher level authorization of the Asset Holder
Reviewing and approving ARA
Implementing layout of PCF
Deputizing for the Plant or Pipeline as the Asset Owner

Plant or Pipeline Vice President : Asset Owner
Implementation and compliance of PTW System at Plant or Pipeline
Prepare drawings and identify the restricted areas and unrestricted areas, hazardous areas (electrical classification) and H2S Zones
Provide comprehensive training programme for all users
Appointing persons who required to sign permits
Ensuring that the planning and administration of Permitry is properly coordinated
Ensuring that the audit program of the PTW is carried out as per plan
Ensuring that ARA and ASC for the activities in the high risk categories
Requesting any deviations from the manual
Complying with the audit requirements

Senior Vice President (O)
Principal Custodian of PTW System
Authorizing all changes to the PTW System Manual
Derogation for deviations to the PTW procedures

Vice President - HSE
Custodian of the Standard
Providing advice in all aspects of the PTW System
Conducting Level 2 Audits
Review the PTW system and proposing necessary changes to SVP(O)

Hazard Identification Risk Assessment (HIRA) is a process of defining and describing hazards by characterizing their probability, frequency and severity and evaluating adverse consequences, including potential loses and injuries.

Common combustible liquids are: diesel fuel, kerosene , etc. Common flammable liquids are: gasoline, turpentine, acetone, etc.
Flammable liquids give off vapor that can easily be ignited at normal working temperatures.
A combustible liquid does not catch fire as easily as a flammable liquid.
Flammable liquid has a flash point under 37.8 ° C (100 ° F).
Combustible liquid has a flashpoint, above normal working temperature, above 37.8OC
Flash Point - the lowest temperature at which a liquid "burns". At the flash point the liquid gives off enough vapor to form a flammable air-vapour mixture near its surface.
Lower Explosive Limit (LEL) The lowest concentration of vapor in air that will burn or explode upon contact with a source of ignition.
Common ignition sources include sparks, flames, friction, and hot surfaces.
"Hidden“ sources include static electricity, light switches, and other electrical devices such as power tools.

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Thank you

Questions?

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Responsibilities:
ORIGINATOR
Describe on the work permit and on supporting permits the work to be undertaken, the hazards associated with work and the necessary controls. (Box 1 to 6)
Where the work is complex, it may be necessary to support the permit with a MEMS or ASC or both.
Discuss and agree the work scope , equipment to be used, and Permit details with the Authorized Maintenance/Engineering Authority who will then present the Permit at the daily PTW Meeting for validation by the AO.


Responsibilities :
PICWS
Ensuring every member in his work party attends the toolbox talk and understands the work scope, hazards, and controls prior to endorsement at the worksite.
Advising the Authorize Maintenance/Engineering Authority of any language literacy problems .
Liaising with the Area Authority on progress
Ensuring the controls specified on the permit are maintained.
Displaying the worksite copy of the work permit copy and supporting or certificates at worksite
Complying with the worksite presence requirements.
Ensuring the work stop in the event of a site emergency

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Activity Risk Assessment
(ARA)

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l


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What are the hazards?

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Fire Fighting Signs
ALARP stands for "
as low as reasonably practicable
", and is a term often used in the milieu of safety-critical and safety-involved systems. The ALARP principle is that the residual risk shall be as low as reasonably practicable.

For a risk to be ALARP it must be possible to demonstrate that the cost involved in reducing the risk further would be grossly disproportionate to the benefit gained. The ALARP principle arises from the fact that infinite time, effort and money could be spent on the attempt of reducing a risk to zero. It should not be understood as simply a quantitive measure of benefit against detriment. It is more a best common practice of judgment of the balance of risk and societal benefit.
The
ALARP
level is reached when the time, trouble and cost of further reduction measures become unreasonably disproportionate to the additional risk reduction obtained.
Risk can be reduced by avoidance, adopting an alternative approach, or increasing the number and effectiveness of controls
ALARP, objectively assessed through further reduction measures.
Ensure that all possible options for risk reduction have been identified.
The RAM is a tool that provides a standard approach to the qualitative assessment of risk, all activities fall in medium and high which require documented evidence that they have been reduced to ALARP.

Legal Requirements UAE Law No. 8 of 1980, Chapter V Articles 91 & 92 CPR
Every employer shall provide adequate defensive equipment to protect workers against the dangers of employment accidents and occupational diseases that may occur during the work
Every worker shall use the PPE supplied to him/her for the purpose and comply with all instructions given by the employer to protect him/her against hazards.
Every employer shall display detailed instructions in a conspicuous position at the workplace.

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION
HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

We are all responsible for implementing the PTW procedure.

If we all contribute to the safety of activities
we can end up with a safe place of work.

The ultimate measure of performance
being no harm to people, assets, the environment
and the reputation of our esteemed organisation.

Achieving the Objectives

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Disciplinary Action - GASCO

First violation, a “Draw attention notice” given by his supervisor.
Second violation: “First Written warning” letter given by the Department Manager
Third violation: the matter will be referred to Administration department for appropriate action.


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Normal routine activities, conducted by competent personnel, in accordance with agreed operating procedure;
Visual inspection of areas and equipment, except for confine spaces
Operation of equipment for approved operational training
Handling of non-hazardous materials
Routine housekeeping activities inside restricted areas, but excepting electrical substations, where engineering authorization required
Routine sampling of hydrocarbon product (excluding product streams containing high level of H2S) as per approved procedures
It is also permissible for Plant or Pipeline Vice President to add activities to the list.
Refer ”Area Classification for PTW” for further

Work in RESTRICTED Areas –
Not normally requiring a Permit

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In Pipeline Division, 30 metres either side of a designated pipeline, or pipeline corridor, is defined as a Restricted Area.

No work within 30 metres of any Pipeline containing hazardous material without GASCO PTW controls being applied.

Control of Work in the
Vicinity of Pipelines

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Access and Work Register

Suggested outline content for the register is:
Date / Time visit or work commenced;
Plant Area;
Purpose of visit / Work being undertaken;
Department / Name and signature of person(s) involved;
Approval signature of Operations Shift Controller, or Assistant Shift Controller;
Time visit or work completed.




Restricted Areas

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After the signing Section 12 and/or 13, distribution of permits, additional work permits and certificates is as follows:

Originals will be displayed to the work site;
Copies will be displayed to Permit Control Facility (PCF).

Work Permit Distribution

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Toolbox Talk Record

This toolbox safety talk’s book was designed for Engineers / Supervisors to use on the job site and as a training tool in conjunction with employee safety briefings. The talks are not intended to be a substitute for our own safety procedures / program or to be a complete authority on the subjects discussed.
 Each Engineer / Supervisor is responsible for establishing and maintaining a good safety program and communicating proper safety procedures to employees.
What is a Toolbox Talk?
A toolbox talk is a hands-on way to remind workers that health and safety are important on the job.
Toolbox talks deal with specific problems on site. They do not replace formal training.
Through toolbox talks, you can tell workers about health and safety requirements for the tools, equipment, materials and procedures they use every day or for particular jobs.
Why give a Toolbox Talk?
In delivering toolbox talks, your objective is to help workers RECOGNIZE and CONTROL hazards on the project.
You give safety talks because you are responsible for advising workers about any existing or possible dangers to their health and safety.
Safety talks demonstrate the commitment of employers and workers to health and safety on the job.
 Points to Remember
You are the key to making these Safety Talks most effective. A few points to remember when preparing and presenting your talks are below.
Hold meetings regularly, such as once a week. Regular meetings convey the feeling that the safety meetings are a valuable, regular part of the job.

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

PTW – Background Colour

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Roles & Responsibilities

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Activity Risk Assessment


The residual risk is any risk that remains after all the control measures are applied.

The Risk Assessment Matrix (RAM) should again be used and the results entered in the ARA Worksheet.

The residual risk should be ALARP (see 3.4.1.3).

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Activity Risk Assessment


Whenever work has to be undertaken by GASCO, Third Parties or Contractors on GASCO sites, or in the immediate vicinity of GASCO pipelines, it is necessary to make a suitable and sufficient assessment of the risks to the health and safety of employees and others, for the purpose of identifying the necessary control measures.

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

HIRA stands for Hazards Identification & Risk Assessment

It’s an electronic risk assessment tool that has been designed
to aid in the identification of hazards and the appropriate precautions to be considered.
to carry out the risk assessment for medium & high risk activities
to register all ARA & use them as a reference for similar Activities
PICWS must ensure that all the controls & precautions in the HIRA have been complied.

What is HIRA?

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION


Work that involves a continuous or potential source of ignition.

This is divided into:

Hot Work Category 1
– Work involving a continuous source of ignition

Hot Work Category 2
– Work involving a potential source of ignition

HOT WORK

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Technical controls include:
Switches (on/off buttons) during its operation
Guarding
Maintenance
Modification
(for example to reduce vibration)



Technical Controls

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Technical controls
Procedural Controls
Behavioural Controls
Personal Protective Equipment



Type of Controls

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Mandatory Signs
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Warning Signs
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Identifies personnel involved in PTW system,
Identifies personnel responsibilities and their signatures,
Ensures awareness,
Covers all aspects of control, which must confirm satisfactory completion of the various stages of the Permit lifecycle, i.e.:
Hazard Assessment and Risk Analysis
Precautions and Controls
Worksite Preparations
Handover and Hand-back,
Requires display of permits.

Key Elements
HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION
It is committed to

Protect
employees
against occupational ills, or injuries,
Prevent damages to all
equipment or assets
,
Prevent pollution and preservation of
environment
,
Maintain the good
reputation
of Company

GASCO HSE Policy
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This Permit-to-Work Course:
It is a
Legal
and also a
Corporate requirement
for all personnel involved within the GASCO PTW system
It is designed to explain the workings of the permit system
It explains the roles and responsibilities of individuals within the system
It also explains the relationship between the PTW system and the ultimate objective of achieving a safe system of work.

Course Aims
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Theoretical examination process now follows…………………………………..

Examination Process

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Disciplinary Action – Contractor

Working without Permit

Violator will be terminated from site
SO!

First offence : written warning
Second offence : terminated from site


HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Work involving naked flame, grinding or welding other than define, approved areas e.g. Maintenance Workshops
Confined Space entry, e.g. sewers, pits or tanks
Activities which introduce an electrical hazards
Excavations, which are in proximity to underground services or pipelines
Work involving a radiographic source
Any work where hazard requiring controls is identified by the Originator e.g. working at heights on buildings or structures and this list is not exhaustive.
It is also permissible for Plant or Pipeline Vice Presidents to add the activities to the list.
Refer “Area Classification for PTW “ for further details.

Work in non- restricted areas
- Normally requiring a Permit

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

An area of the operational plant or pipeline within a restricted area, where there is , or there is potential for, high levels of H2S (>500ppm mole) to be present in the process stream.

Whenever work involves breaking into the operating envelope in a H2S zone, then the area measuring 10 to 15 metres, horizontal and vertical, shall be termed the ‘H2S Sterile Area’

Persons entering this H2S sterile area shall wear a BA set and a personal monitor.

H2S Zones

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Restrictions on the access of personnel
Requires the application of the GASCO PTW System for defined work activities.

These are areas, which are:
Operating areas of the Plant
Areas deemed to be hazardous under Electrical Classification
Critical for the operation of the facility, e.g. Control Rooms and Electrical substations

Restricted Areas

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Toolbox Talk Record

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

PICWS Signature


Section 12a.
Signature for work site conditions acceptance according to Risk Assessment and measures implemented at site.
Ensure that all team members attended TBT and signed.




Section 12b. Must be signed by additional PICWS or to replace the present PICWS.

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Permit Validity

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Isolation Confirmation Certificate - White color

Isolation Confirmation Certificate

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Radiography Permit – Yellow / Black color

Radiography

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Category 2 – Pink color

Category 1 – Red color

Hot Work Permit

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Roles & Responsibilities

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Activity Risk Assessment

Taking each hazard in turn, the ARA team should develop ways to either, eliminate the hazard or provide appropriate control and recovery measures to mitigate them.

In practice, a mixture of different controls often produces effective control, e.g. engineering controls, personnel protective equipment and procedures.

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Activity Risk Assessment

Risk rating is a means whereby the risks associated with a particular hazard or hazardous activity can be expressed as a value and compared with acceptable limits.

The initial risk rating should be assessed on the situation that prevails before any controls are implemented for each hazard.

The Risk Assessment Matrix should be used to calculate risk ratings.

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Activity Risk Assessment

The ARA (HIRA) is normally conducted within the Department responsible for doing the activity and should include personnel who are:
Responsible for the task;
Competent to conduct an ARA;
Have sufficient knowledge, expertise and competence in the activity to be performed to have an understanding of the hazards it presents;
Knowledgeable about the location, and the hazards that are present;
Will be involved in carrying out the task.
N.B. The ARA should be undertaken prior to origination of the permit.
Where appropriate, the team should visit the worksite. The activity can be broken down into a number of smaller tasks where it is considered necessary.

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Activity Risk Assessment

Practically this involves four basic steps, which are to:
Identify the possible hazards associated with the work activity;
Assess the consequences of the hazardous event/s and the likelihood of their happening, i.e. evaluating the risks arising from them;
Introduce control measures (precautions) to prevent or reduce the risks to a level ‘As Low As Reasonably Practicable’ (ALARP).
See 3.4.1.3 for further explanation and guidance on demonstrating ALARP;
Specify recovery measures in case the controls fail.

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Activity Risk Assessment

There are, in general, three types of work activity:

Work activities that have had a Risk Assessment previously completed and recorded in procedures or in HIRA;

Work activities that are new or have not been risk assessed,

Work activities that can be covered by individual’s competence, skills and training.

In all cases, the initial Risk Assessment should be undertaken prior to the origination of the Work Permit and any supporting Permits or Certificates

It is the responsibility of the Maintenance/ Engineering Authority to initiate the process and record the Risk Assessment

An overview of the risk assessment process for work activities, and its application within the PTW Standard is provided in flowchart form in Appendix B.

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Behavioural controls
Training
PICWS
Consultation
Supervision
Disciplinary actions - Accountability
Getting the health and safety message over,
Handling complaints...

Control Options

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Procedural Control

Procedural controls
‘how things should be done’: Normal operation,
Pre-Planned Maintenance
Breakdown / Spillage
Emergency
Use of PPE ...

Activity/Hazard/Risk/Control
Exercise

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Understanding Hazards and Risk

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First Aid / Emergency Escape Signs
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Prohibition Signs
HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION
H2S Release
Hydrocarbons - Methane, Butane, Propane
Pressure Systems
Working at Height
Chemicals – Sulphur, Nitrogen
Noise / Vibration / Thermal
Driving (both work related and private)
Source of Energy (Electricity, Hydraulic, Pneumatic, Pressure Systems, etc)
Heat Stress



GASCO Main Hazards
HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION
There are six types of Hazards
Mechanical hazards
Physical hazards
Chemical hazards
Biological hazards
Psychological hazards
Ergonomical Hazards

Identification of Hazards
HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Risk
Is the probability
that ACTUAL harm or loss
will occur and it also takes into account the severity of the occurrence.

The risk will depend on how the work is being done.

Hazard
A hazard is anything
with the
POTENTIAL
TO HARM
people,
assets,
environment or
company’s reputation.

What is a Hazard?
What is Risk?

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION
Key Elements
It encourages formal and careful attention to safe systems of working by requiring the signature of specified individuals, who must confirm satisfactory completion of the various stages of the Permit lifecycle, i.e.

Pre – Planning & Risk Assessment (Permit Originating)
PTW Meetings (Permit Review & Validation )
Worksite Preparation (Permit Issuing)
Precautions and Controls (Permit Accepting)
Permit Handover (Permit endorsement)
Hand back (Permit Closing)
HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION
PTW System Objectives
OBJECTIVES OF THE PERMIT TO WORK SYSTEM:

To ensure that potentially hazardous works are properly
controlled
and
co-ordinated.

To define the roles and responsibilities of

persons in the GASCO Organisation,

and those of Contractor management,
with respect to the GASCO PTW System.

Controlled
– All activities should be properly controlled by implementing necessary control measures –
Permit to Work is the First Control Tool
Method Statement,
Risk Assessment,
Checklists,
Supervision,
PPE, etc.

Coordinated
– Why the activities should be coordinated since it involves
many parties
,
many locations
,
interface activities
, etc. Hence it should be coordinated between all the parties involved, location wise, interface activities should
be coordinated well in order to avoid any unexpected risk of danger or accident.
HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION
The Work Permit is
formal written procedure
used for control of hazardous works

providing means of supervision and
communication between site management, plant supervisors and those who carry out the work
.

Meaning of PTW
HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

The Toolbox Talk is one of the last step in the Hazard Management Process
It involves all those who will be carrying out the work and therefore directly exposed to possible release of a hazard
In addition to informing, it provides the opportunity to incorporate their feedback
Further guidance notes and checklists are provided in the PTW Standard Manual in chapter # 7.

Tool Box Talk Record Form

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

PICWS Signature

PICWS Signatures required by Work Permit

Section 14. Signature when work is completed and work permit must be closed.


OR


Section 15. Signature when work is not completed and work permit must be closed.

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Master Work Permit – Back Side

Gas Test Certificate - Yellow Colour

As per GASCO HSE Policy
Acceptable Oxygen level is 19.5% to 22.5%

Back side of Work Permit – TBT and Gas Test Certificate

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Master Work Permit
– Blue color

Master Work Permit – Front Side

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Activity Risk Assessment

The ARA should be recorded using the ARA Worksheet.
A copy of the ARA Worksheet is included in the Appendices (see Appendix E).
An annotated version of the ARA is also provided in Appendix D, which provides guidance on its completion.
The ARA Worksheet can be used to:
Communicate the outcome and actions to those responsible for implementing the control measures and performing the activity
Ensure the information is available to others who may have to perform the activity.

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Activity Risk Assessment

Each task is to be studied to identify the hazards, hazardous events and potential incidents whether they arise from the actions of people or from the conditions surrounding the activity.

The assessment should identify who or what might be harmed and the findings recorded.

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Activity Risk Assessment

Identify the significant risks arising out of work, namely those which are most likely to occur and result in harm being caused, with any remaining risks being at an acceptable low level.
Enable GASCO to identify and prioritise the controls that must be taken to protect people from harm, including complying with any relevant legal provisions.
Be appropriate to the nature of work and remain valid for a reasonable period of time.

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

What is HIRA?

Hazard Identification Risk Assessment (HIRA) is a process of defining and describing hazards by characterizing their probability, frequency and severity and evaluating adverse consequences, including potential loses and injuries.

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

What is a Confined Space?

Any area that:
has limited access or egress,
is not designed for continuous occupancy,
allowing accidental accumulation of flammable or toxic gases or vapours,
or where an oxygen deficiency or enrichment could occur.

Confined Space

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Discipline

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

We need to supervise activities to ensure:

Compliance with procedures
Compliance the PTW &
Compliance with signs
strictly

Discipline

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Technical Controls

Technical modifications to the working environment:

Ventilation Systems
Sound-proofing,
Reducing glare and improving lighting conditions Communication
Warning lights, vehicle reversing alarms

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Safe
System
of
Work

What ever we decide in ERICPD is transferred to a……………..

Control of Risk

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION
6. Ergonomics
Man and machine interface
Person
Place
Equipment
Ergonomic Hazards
poor lighting
improperly adjusted workstations and chairs
frequent lifting
poor posture
awkward movements, especially if they are repetitive
repetitive and forceful movements

Identification of Hazards
HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION
Risk takes into consideration the
likelihood / probability
of harm occurring and the
severity / consequence
of harm

What is Risk?

1. Emergency Response : Assembly Point
2. Toilets :
3. Breaks : As & when required
4. Prayers : TBA
5. Smoking : Out in designated area
6. Questions/Comments : At any time
7. Assessments :
a. English Comprehension - 70% to pass
b. Final assessment - 70% to pass

Keep your Mobile in SILENT mode

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION
Introduction
HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Category C:

An initial visit & Periodic visits
Visit worksite at least three times during a shift/ normal work period.
Limited to a maximum of six Category – C permit

Category B:

Present Continuously
May be absent for short periods, not more than 45 minutes.
Hold only one permit and Category C permit if it is close.

PICWS - Category B & C

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Excavation Permit – Brown color

Confined Space Entry Certificate - Dark green color

Confined Space & Excavation

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Procedural control

ERICPD\SSOW

Assess the risk
using the RAM

Use the list of hazards
described earlier i.e . Safety
related injury and health
hazards

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Permit to Work – Do’s & Don’ts

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Permit Administration

Permits are to be displayed to reflect their current status, i.e. whether:
Validated
Endorsed
Suspended
Closed

Purpose built display racks are to be provided in the PCF for display of Permits, Supporting Permits and Certificates

All sites will have a dedicated Permit Control Facility (PCF)

A Fundamental requirement of any PTW Standard is that it provides for a suitable display of all permitry on the facility, to allow Operations an overview of the current status”.

PICWS

Area Authority or Field Operator

Assistant Shift Controller

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

PICWS Signature


Section 13. Signature for endorsement of work permit for each shift and each day.

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

The category of worksite presence is defined as follows:

Category A:
Continuous presence
Must STOP the work when PICWS is not present
Hold only one permit
Replace by other PICWS by signing in the permit
Handling High Risk Jobs – Ex: Hot Work – Category 1, Vessel Entry, etc.


PICWS - Category A

MANAGEMENT OF THE PTW SYSTEM

Roles and Responsibilities:

Senior Vice President Operations SVP (O)
HSE Vice President (HSE)
Plant and Pipeline Division Presidents
Department Heads
HSE Department Head

Senior Vice President (O)
Principal Custodian of PTW System
Authorizing all changes to the PTW System Manual
Derogation for deviations to the PTW procedures

Vice President - HSE
Custodian of the Standard
Providing advice in all aspects of the PTW System
Conducting Level 2 Audits
Review the PTW system and proposing necessary changes to SVP(O)

Plant or Pipeline Vice President : Asset Owner
Implementation and compliance of PTW System at Plant or Pipeline
Prepare drawings and identify the restricted areas and unrestricted areas, hazardous areas (electrical classification) and H2S Zones
Provide comprehensive training programme for all users
Appointing persons who required to sign permits
Ensuring that the planning and administration of Permitry is properly coordinated
Ensuring that the audit program of the PTW is carried out as per plan
Ensuring that ARA and ASC for the activities in the high risk categories
Requesting any deviations from the manual
Complying with the audit requirements

Department Superintendent: Asset Holder
Responsible and accountable to the Asset Owner for the integrity and safe condition of the systems
Assisting the Plant or Pipeline VP with implementation and administration of work under the PTW system
Reviewing and issuing permits requiring the higher level authorization of the Asset Holder
Reviewing and approving ARA
Implementing layout of PCF
Deputizing for the Plant or Pipeline as the Asset Owner

HSE Superintendents
Fulfils advisory role to the Operations and Engineering Line
Support to the Plant or Pipeline VP in maintaining standards, monitoring adherence to standards, by audit and follow-up.
Maintaining records of all level 1 audit and updating of status in RAP
Focal point relating the PTW and maintaining register of approved derogations from the PTW systems.
Keeping register of all personnel trained and authorized by the Plant or Pipeline VP.


HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

ORGANISATION

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

x

Can the hazard be enclosed or contained?
e.g. Place a guard on the dangerous part of
machine.
Place barriers to prevent falling into excavations

Isolate the risk

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

A small spark can lead to this

Removal = elimination

Any activities which involved naked flame will not be carried out when the risk of flammable vapours are present.

Eliminate the hazard – remove it completely.

Eliminate the hazard

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION
Chemical Forms
Competence means someone who has:
Skill
Knowledge
Experience
Training
HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Competent
Person

Competent Person
HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

A hazard is something with the potential to cause Injury, Damage or Loss to:
People
Assets
Environment
Reputation

Hazard
HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Permits and Certificates

It is in A4 format and has a red border
It has the most stringent level of controls

Hot Work Permit Category 1

Where there is a positive source of ignition, e.g. burning, welding or grinding, a Hot Work Permit - Category 1 is required in all areas

Work Permit

Jobs with an associated hot work risk require a supporting Hot Work Permit

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

e.g. noisy machine only used for short time each day
develop rota systems for staff exposed to the hazard
provide ventilation in areas where fumes are present,
fit RCDs to electrical equipment etc…

500ml bottles

25 ltr drum

Can the time or degree of contact be reduced
by control measures?

Control the Risk

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Control Risk to Protect

Reputation

Environment

People

Assets

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION
Fire Fighting

FIRE EXIT

Warning

Mandatory

Prohibition

Emergency Escape or First-Aid

Safety Signs
HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION
Identification of Hazards
HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION
Identification of Hazards
1.From Activities we get

2.Hazards, from hazards we get

3. Risk of harm occurring, therefore we need

4. Controls to reduce the risk

Controls
Activities
Risk
Hazards
HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Which Comes First?
HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Permits and Certificates

Depending on the depth of the excavation it, may be accompanied by a Confined Space Entry Certificate (>1.5 m ) and may also require a Gas Test Certificate

Excavation Permit

It is in A4 format and has a brown border

Work Permit

Jobs requiring an excavation (in any area of the Plant) require a supporting Excavation Permit

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Permits and Certificates

It is in A4 format and has a pink border
It has a less stringent level of control than the Category 1 Hot Work Permit

Hot Work Permit Category 2

Where there is a potential source of ignition, e.g. use of non intrinsically safe equipment or use of vehicles, a Hot Work Permit - Category 2 is used (in restricted, hazardous areas only)

Work Permit

Jobs with an associated hot work risk require a supporting Hot Work Permit

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Why is it considered the last resort?

The last resort action for controlling
hazards and risk

PPE

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION
5. Psychological hazards :
Stress

Overwork

Fatigue

Violence

Verbal abuse

Mobbing (deterrent, intimidation)

Exposure to drugs and alcohol
Identification of Hazards
HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION
Chemicals come in different forms:

H2S is a gas - Toxic, Flammable and Corrosive


WD40 is an aerosol - Harmful


Paint is a liquid - Irritant and Flammable

3. Chemical hazards
Nitrogen
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Dioxide
Hydrogen
Hydrogen Cyanide
Methyl Isocyante (MIC)
Chlorine
Ammonia
Ethylene Oxide

Identification of Hazards
HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Permits and Certificates

Radiography Permit

It is in A4 format and has a Yellow/ Black border with the International symbol for a radioactive hazard

In restricted, hazardous areas, it may be supported by a Hot Work Permit Category 2 and an accompanying Gas Test Certificate (depending on the radioactive source)

Work Permit

Jobs requiring radiography work require a supporting Radiography Permit

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Permits and Certificates

It normally requires an accompanying Gas Test Certificate

Permit to Work Gas Test Certificate

Confined Space Entry Certificate

It is in A4 format and has a green border

Work Permit

Jobs requiring an entry to a confined space require a Confined Space Entry Certificate

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Permits and Certificates

Slide 18

Isolation Conformation Certificate

It is in A4 format and has no border color

It certifies the isolation is in place but does not permit electrical work be done under it other than undertaking the isolation
It certifies the positive isolation is in place but does not permit blinding work be done under it without a separate permit for blinding.

Work Permit

Jobs requiring an electrical, mechanical or positive isolation require a supporting Isolation Conformation Certificate

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Isolation Confirmation Certificate - NO COLOUR BORDER

PTW – Types & Border Colours

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

2. Physical hazards (cont):
Falling objects

Manual Handling (pulling, pushing, lifting)

Poor ventilation

Air quality

Driving

Identification of Hazards
HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION


PTW Violations



Permitting Job without
Work Site Preparations
Specific HSE Requirements
Gas Test


Working without PICWS

Control Failures in HIRA

Signing the work permits without certificate

Working without Permits

Working without endorsement

Failure to Close the Work Permit

PTW Violations

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Display of Permit Status

Operations Staff are now aware that work is completed or requires new Permitry

CLOSED

Operations Staff are now aware that work has been suspended but is to continue and isolations will remain / may be in place

SUSPENDED

Operations Staff are now aware that work is proceeding in the Operations Area

ENDORSED

Operations Staff are now aware that planned work in the Operations Area has been approved

VERIFIED

It is in A4 format and has an Buff border
It certifies the atmospheric conditions

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Permits and Certificates

Permit to Work Gas Test Certificate

In restricted, hazardous areas, both Hot Work 1 and Hot Work 2 Permits require an accompanying Gas Test Certificate

Hot Work Permit Category 2

Hot Work Permit Category 1

Work Permit

Jobs with an associated hot work risk require a supporting Hot Work Permit

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Cooperation through Consultation

Permit-to-Work

Safe operating procedures

Supervision to an appropriate level

Information

Instruction

Training

Discipline

Flashpoint =25º Celsius

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Flashpoint = 1º Celsius

Harmful

Very Toxic

Reduce the risk

iscipline

PE

ontrol

solate

educe

liminate

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Safe person strategy

Safe place strategy

Hierarchy of Control
To control risk we implement 2 strategies. It is known as the hierarchy of controls.
ERICPD:
E
R
I
C
P
D

Control of Risk

Ebola virus

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION
4. Biological hazards:
Bacteria

Virus

Fungi (Mold)

Blood-borne pathogens

Animals

Insects

Identification of Hazards
HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION
2. Physical hazards (cont):
Heat Stress (hyperthermia)
dehydration (due to sweating)

Cold Stress (hypothermia)

Slippery floors

Ladders & Stairs

Fire & Explosion

Thermal (temperature)

Identification of Hazards
HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION
The amount of risk reduced
Time
Cost
Trouble
GASCO HSE Policy
Vs

A Balance of:


The GASCO HSE Policy states “GASCO shall conduct activities in a manner designed to minimise HSE risk to a level which is As Low As Reasonably Practicable (ALARP)”.


ALARP Means

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

ACTUAL WORK PERMIT VIOLATIONS

Specific HSE Requirements

HIRA

Category Work site Presence

Isolation Confirmation Certificate

Responsibilities are delegated to :
PERSON IN CHARGE OF THE WORKSITE (PICWS)
AUTHORISED GAS TESTER (AGT)
VALIDATOR
ISSUER
ORIGINATOR

ACCEPTOR
ENDORSER
PAVIO AE

Responsibilities :
PICWS
Ensuring every member in his work party attends the toolbox talk and understands the work scope, hazards, and controls prior to endorsement at the worksite.
Advising the Authorize Maintenance/Engineering Authority of any language literacy problems .
Liaising with the Area Authority on progress
Ensuring the controls specified on the permit are maintained.
Displaying the worksite copy of the work permit copy and supporting or certificates at worksite
Complying with the worksite presence requirements.
Ensuring the work stop in the event of a site emergency

Responsibilities:
AGT
Responsible for recording on the Gas Test Certificate, the times and results of initial gas tests.
Where applicable, obtaining the counter signature of the Area Authority on the Gas Test Certificate after the initial, and any subsequent gas test.
Stops the work if gas tests results are outwith the expected range, and bringing it to the attention of the AA and/or the AO.

Responsibilities:
VALIDATOR (Ops Co-ordinator)
Chair the daily PTW meeting and agreeing the permitry requirements with the Maintenance/Engineering Authority, controls necessary for the work to be undertaken.
Conforming the work can be accepted into the Operations area subject to worksite preparation (validation)
Identify the required worksite preparations.
Checking the permits has been examined for potential conflict.
Handing over of the permitry to the Operations Asset Operator for worksite preparations.

Responsibilities:
ISSUER – Asset Operator
Responsible for handing over the equipment to Maintenance/Engineering Authority and accepting equipment back into his control.
Confirm the worksite has been examined and all precautions specified has been in place including isolations required before work commences.
Confirming that no conflict exists with other Permitry and/or activities.
Advise the Area Authority that permit is ready for endorsement.
Accepting back the Permitry (for further endorsement or closure)
Ensuring before a permit is closed any precautions and isolations and/or equipment or system inhibit/overrides, are withdrawn and returned to normal.
Ensure work shift handover procedure is being followed.
Ensure all permits status displayed at PCF
Ensure that work which has been suspended is no conflict with other permit or activity prior to endorsement by AA at worksite.
Issue & endorse permit where work is in a common area.
Accepting the equipment back into operations and authorizing any de-isolations.

Responsibilities:
ORIGINATOR
Describe on the work permit and on supporting permits the work to be undertaken, the hazards associated with work and the necessary controls. (Box 1 to 6)
Where the work is complex, it may be necessary to support the permit with a MEMS or ASC or both.
Discuss and agree the work scope , equipment to be used, and Permit details with the Authorized Maintenance/Engineering Authority who will then present the Permit at the daily PTW Meeting for validation by the AO.


Responsibilities are delegated to :
ACCEPTOR – (Authorized Maintenance/Engineering Authority)
Accepting the permit on behalf of the work party.
Confirming to the Issuing Authority that he understands:
The work to be done
The precautions identified in the PTW and associated Risk Assessment.
Agree with Issuing Authority the Toolbox talk requirements:
Who undertakes it
Who attends it
When and where it is undertaken, including the requirement for any repeat or additional toolbox talk.
Instructing the PICWS on the required worksite presence and content of the PTW
Ensure that PICWS can communicate effectively with the work group

Responsibilities:
ACCEPTOR – (Authorized Maintenance/Engineering Authority)
Ensure the Permit is displayed at the work site
Ensure the PICWS understands the action to be taken if the work has to be suspended, or in the event of incident or emergency situation.
Return permitry to the PCF at the end of the work period, and collecting re-endorsed permitry for the next work period.
Confirm the worksite is clear, and affected equipment is in safe condition, prior to formal handback to the AO when work is completed.

Responsibilities:
ENDORSER – Asset Operator responsible for re-endorsing permit to ASC
Confirming there is no conflict with other permits or activity prior to worksite endorsement
Update the status display in the PCF
Advising the Shift Controller of any potential conflict situations.
Area Authority – responsible for continuous safety of the worksite:
Confirming the safety of the worksite and to note on the permit the Date and time the work may continue.
Examine the worksite when work is suspended, and before it is re-started, to ensure work is completed in a safe condition.

Responsibilities:
MAINTENANCE ENGINEERING REVIEWER:
Review and approved various work scope defined by the Permit Originator.
Agree with the associated risk assessment
Inspect and certify the equipment to be used during the work
Present the PTW to the daily PTW Planning Meeting
Maintain overall responsibility for the work being done and delegates worksite responsibilities to Permit Acceptors.
Inform the Permit Originator of any changes made in the Permit

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

PAVIO AE

Roles & Responsibilities

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

COMPRESSED GASES

HARMFULL / IRRITANT

OXIDISING

FLAMMABLE

EXPLOSIVE

CORROSIVE

TOXIC

HARMFULL FOR ENVIRONMENT

Chemical Warning Signs
LABELS FOR HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION
Identification of Hazards
1.
Mechanical hazards
By type of agent:
Impact force:
Collision

Falls from height

Struck by objects

Confined space

Slips and trips

Compressed air / High pressure fluids

Falling in a pointed object

Entanglement

Equipment – related injury
HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION
A Safe System of Work
HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

Diagrammatic Representation of Permit Display and Lifecycle

CLOSED

ENDORSED

SUSPENDED

VALIDATED

Is there any conflict?

NO

YES

PCF DISPLAY RACKS

Permitry Archived

Worksite re-instatement

Yes

PICWS confirm work stop or complete

Job Complete?

PERMITRY TO PCF

No

Worksite Preparations

Permitry review and acceptance

Shift Review, Issue and Endorsement

HABSHAN 5 – HSE DIVISION

The Left Hand Side of the Work Permit details the Task, identifies the Hazards, details the required Precautions and Controls and Validates the Permit
The Right Hand Side of the Work Permit is the administration of the Permit i.e. the Issue, Acceptance Endorsement and Closure sections

15(b) Permit Closure by Asset Operator

14(b) Permit Closure by Asset Operator

15(a) Permit Return by Main.t/ Eng. Authority

14(a) Permit Return by Main.t/ Eng. Authority

15. WORK NOT COMPLETED

14. WORK COMPLETED

PERMIT CLOSURE

ENDORSEMENTS FOR CONTINUED SAFETY OF WORKSITE

13. WORKSITE ENDORSEMENT

12(b) ADDITIONAL PICWS

12 (a) ACCEPTANCE BY PERSON IN CHARGE OF WORKSITE

WORKSITE RESPONSIBILITY

PERMIT ACCEPTANCE

11. PERMIT ACCEPTANCE BY MAINT./ ENG AUTHORITY

10. PERMIT ISSUE BY ASSET OPERATOR

PERMIT ISSUE

7. WORKSITE PREPARATIONS

9. ASSET OPERATOR REVIEW AND VALIDATION

8. MAINTENANCE/ ENGINEERING REVIEW

6. WORK PERMIT ORIGINATOR

PERMIT REVIEW AND VALIDATION

5. SPECIFIC HSE REQUIREMENTS

4(c) Other Supporting Documentation

4(b) Associated Work Permits

4(a) Supporting Permits or Certificates

4. WORKSITE SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS

3. PARTICULAR HAZARDS AND SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS

2. WORK DESCRIPTION AND EQUIPMENT

1. TASK, LOCATION AND AREA/ WORKSITE

WORK DESCRIPTION AND RISK ASSESSMENT

WORK PERMIT

PTW Documents

What is hazard?
Safe System Of Work
Permit To Work
Competent Person
Roles & Responsibilities Allocated
Information, Training, Instruction Supervision
Maintenance on Equipment
Recovery Measures
Emergency Response Plan
Controls
Technical
Procedural
Behavioral
Toolbox Talk
Isolations
Pre-Planning & Meeting
Personal Protective Equipment
Material Safety Data Sheet
A competent person know his limits
Mechanical hazards (cont'd)
By type of damage:
Crushing

Cutting

Friction and abrasion

Shearing

Stabbing and puncture

2. Physical hazards:
Noise/Vibration

Falling from height

Poor lighting

Hypobaric / hyperbaric pressure

Ionizing radiations (Radiography activities)

Electricity

Asphyxiation
Full transcript