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Surrealism

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Lydia Brooks

on 29 January 2016

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Transcript of Surrealism

Surrealism
Salvador Dali
Rene Magritte
The Burning Giraffe
The City of the Drawers
Autumn Cannibalism, 1936
Autumnal Cannibalism was painted by Salvador Dali. Painted just after the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936.
The apple balanced on the head of the male figure, refers to the legend of William Tell, in which a father is forced to shoot at his son.
Salvador Dali (1904-89): Spanish painter, sculptor, graphic artist, and designer.
He joined the Surrealists in 1929 and soon become the most famous member, due to his eccentric manner and attention-grabbing public actions as well as for his art.
In 1936 he gave a lecture at the London International Surrealist Exhibition while wearing a deep-sea diving suit and helmet.
Quotes ...
'I don't do drugs. I am drugs.'
“I am not strange, I am just not normal.”
“There is only one difference between a madman and me. The madman thinks he is sane. I know I am mad.”
He called his work "hand painted dream photographs"
Dali's most famous painting... "The Persistance of Memory" (1931)
In 1926 he was Expelled from San Francisco School of Fine Arts because he refused to take exams.
Sleep, 1937
Personal Values 1952
The Explanation, 1952.
The Red Model, 1935
The Lovers
Remorse or Sphinx Embedded in the Sand, 1931
Mountain Lake 1938
Temptation of St.Anthony

“Sleep” is the body's collapse into sleep, a huge disembodied head with eyes dissolved in sleep, hangs suspended over an almost bare landscape. The head is "soft", vulnerable and distorted. A dog appears on the left, its head in a crutch too, as if half asleep itself.
The head is supported by a series of wooden crutches. Dali said “I have often imagined the monster of sleep as a heavy, giant head with a tapering body held up by the crutches of reality. When the crutches break we have the sensation of falling.”
The Son of Man
The Key to the Fields, 1936
The Balcony, 1868
Manet's Balcony, 1950
Édouard Manet (1832–1883)
Magritte worked as a draughtsman in a wallpaper factory and was a poster and advertisement designer. In 1926 he became a full-time painter and he produced his first surreal painting.
René Magritte (1898 – 1967) was born in Belgium and was a surrealist artist.
Magritte's mother committed suicide by drowning herself in a river. It is believed that 13-year-old Magritte was present when her body was found, her dress was covering her face. Several of Magritte's paintings are of people with cloth covering their faces.
"Ceci n'est pas une pipe" ("This is not a pipe") 1968, which seems a contradiction, but is actually true: the painting is not a pipe, it is an image of a pipe. When Magritte was asked about this image, he replied that of course it was not a pipe, just try to fill it with tobacco.
The Listening Room, 1952
The Tomb of the Wrestlers (Le Tombeau des Luteurs) 1960
The title, which Magritte took from a novel by French Symbolist writer Leon-Alinien Cladel, “Ompdrailles, le tombeau des luteurs” (1979), like the rose, the fighters are something “grandiose,” filling the tomb with their struggles.
The Man in the Bowler Hat, 1965
"Golconde" 1953
Memory of a Voyage, 1952
The Human Condition I, 1934
1890-1921 Philadelphia.
1921-1940 Moves to Paris.
1940-1951 Back in the US, living in Hollywood.
1951-1976 Returned to Paris

WW1 marked the triumph of the machine over the merely human. When the war ended people wanted to become more machine-like. Houses became machines for living; writers became engineers of the human soul; chorus lines were fine-tuned like precision instruments; and the rich and famous took on the sheen and style of sleek sports cars.

In the age of the machine, photography was seen as a machine-like process manufacturing objective truths purged of subjectivity and emotion. But, for Man Ray, the camera was not a machine for making documents but an instrument for exploring dreams, desires and the medium's unconscious mind.

Pioneer of new photographic techniques such as rayographs and solarizations. - An image produced without a camera by placing an object on photosensitive paper and exposing it to light.
Man Ray
Jerry Uelsmann
Born 1934, still working. Creates surreal composite images in the darkroom, no Photoshop
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