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Realistic Fiction

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by

Anne Mantey

on 12 February 2014

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Transcript of Realistic Fiction

Realistic Fiction
Rose Xia, Cassy Thompson, Chelsea Mantey, EveLynn Hermiller, Mitch Augenstein

Rose
Cassy
Chelsea
EveLynn
Bibliography
Activity
What is Realistic Fiction?
Everything in the story is consistent with the real world
Story is not true, but it could happen
Can be described as lifelike, genuine, or authentic
Realistic Fiction Vs. Fantasy
Values of Realistic Fiction
Children can identify with characters their own age with similar interests and problems
Children can see that they are not alone
Extends children's horizons
They can have new experiences and see new ways of viewing and solving their problems
*Although realistic fiction may help children understand and solve problems, it is NOT a replacement for professional help.
Literary Elements
Developed from external forces that often present a challenge or conflict
Plot
4 Main Components:
Problem
Struggle
Realization
Achievement of peace or truth
Characterization: Important for students to understand the characters' experiences and feelings

Theme: Underlying idea that ties other elements together

Style: Enhances the other elements through techniques such as vivid descriptions, symbolism, and figures of speech
History
Victorian Era (Late 19th - Early 20th Centrury)
Portrayed family roles: Males- educated and working Females- wife and mother
Religion
Education
How to be a good person
Second Half of 20th Century
Characters often portrayed as white, middle class, and from a stable family
1950s
Children portrayed as part of a stable community
1960s
More diverse
Unstable and unhappy families
Children had more responsibility and independence
Law and authority seen more often and education and religion seen less
1970s
Themes of overcoming fear and meeting responsibility
Subjects such as adoption and divorce appeared
1980s
Themes for older children included overcoming challenges and personal problems
1990s-2000s
Society's problems and changes appeared as subjects
Controversial Issues
Sexism
Sexuality
Violence
Profanity
Family Problems
Criteria for Selecting Criticized Books
Although guidelines are not as strict as they have been in the past, you should still use caution when selecting books for students to read.
Consider your community and their response
Do not completely avoid these books
Allows students to expand thinking skills and experiences
Allows students to relate and empathize with peers
Invite students to take a stand and discuss issues
Subjects in Realistic Fiction
Family Life
1930s - Early 1960s
Warm, fuzzy, strong families
Security through togetherness
Modern
Depict family problems and struggles
Death, foster families, single-parent families, child abuse, divorce, unmarried women
Family loyalty during emotional times
These stories are more relatable
students may be experiencing it themselves or know someone who is
Allows escape from their own lives
Growing Up
Peer relationships
Person against person
Person against self
Physical Changes
Emotional Changes
Mitch
Subjects Continued
-SURVIVAL
Person against nature
Person against society
Surviving the inner city
Surviving in a dangerous world
-DEATH
Acceptance of death
Overcoming emotional turmoil
Different situations- pets, family, friends, older and younger people, suicide, illness, etc.
-PEOPLE AS INDIVIDUALS
Literature has been moving away from the use of stereotypical characters.
Avoidance of gender, age, and physical stereotypes
Individuals with disabilities- often portray hope through people facing and overcoming challenges.
-MULTICULTURAL
Topics vary by age
Young-universal needs of children
Middle-History and Ancestry
Young Adult-Personal and social conflict
Examples:
African American
Native American
Latino
Asian
Quiz Time!
Quiz Time!
Quiz Time!
Role Playing
-Students consider a problem, develop certain actions and play them out in a skit
Benefits:
Fosters social development
Increases problem-solving capabilities
Enhances creativity
Understand how to interact with public officials
Discover responsibilities, relationships, and decision-making skills
Selection of Literature
Well-developed characters
Plots with logical stopping places to act out an ending
Universal problems (fears, emotions, concerns, etc.
Deals with morals and values
Quiz Time!
Survival
-Common theme that can be used to motivate reading and interactions with literature
Web Maps
Role Playing
Helps students see the central theme of the story and make personal connections to themes and problems
Can physically see how one thing connects to the rest
Students can share and connect webs!
Helps develop necessary skills of everyday life
tool-making, cooking, and medical skills
Questioning Strategies
Literal Recognition
Students may be required to recall:

Details
Sequence of events
Compare and contrast characters
Character traits
Inference
Going beyond the information provided by the author
Develop the main idea of the story
Compare characters between multiple books
Cause and effect with different scenes
Look at points of foreshadowing after finishing book
Evaluation
Make judgements about the content and explain
Adequacy or validity
Appropriateness for audience
Desirability to read
Appreciation
All about the emotional response to the text
Emotional response to plot or theme
How they identify with characters
Effectiveness of imagery
Books:
The Bully
-Polacco-Poetry
Zoom!
- Luthardt-Biography
Fly Away
-Oechsli-Modern Fantasy
Ms. McCaw
-Zemach-Hx Fiction
1. Glance through your selected novel
to understand the basic plot
2. Choose at least 2 illustrations to act out
3. Be sure to analyze your given illustration in the Mazza
4. Create a short skit in which each member acts out a character from the illustrations.
5. Groups will then give a brief summary of their book and act out their skit in front of the class.
Skits
Question B.48.F2:
What is one synonym for realistic?
Question 5
Criticized books allow students too...
Question 396
What is an example of a survival theme?
Question 17.Z
What are some benefits of role playing?
Quiz Time!
What is one characteristic that makes mysteries exciting?
Question 42
Subjects Continued
Animals
Animals have a strong sense of reality and sometimes tragedy
Questions for evaluating realistic animals stories for children:
Does the author portray animals objectively, without giving them human thoughts or motives?
Do the behaviors of the animal characters agree with information provided by knowledgeable observers of animals and authorities of animal behaviors?
Does the story encourage children to respond to the needs of animals or the need of people to love animals without being too sentimental or melodramatic?
Mysteries
Provide escape and enjoyable reading due to their suspense
Characteristics that make mysteries exciting:
Exciting Plot
Contain suspense
Enough clues to allow the reader to follow the action
Clues are written in a way that readers can find out who did it
Sports
Deal with the ideal of fair play, the values of sports, overcoming conflicts between father and son, overcoming fears connected with sports
Sports stories are important to sport franchises based on long-term development of fans
Examples: Baseball is therapeutic, helps overcome severe accidents, and overcoming stereotypes
Humor
Allow children to understand that life is not always serious and can be entertaining
Encourages readers to laugh at themselves
Highlights real problems and makes reading about them pleasant
Contemporary Realistic Fiction for Young Adults
More mature themes and situations
Focuses on a struggle for self-identity and acceptance
Please see separate document
Full transcript