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Linguistics of ASL
Transcript of Linguistics of ASL
American Sign Language
By: Ami Ruda
Linguistic Properties of ASL
ASL & linguistics?
is the study of morphemes and how they are used to create new words or signs.
is the smallest meaningful unit in a language.
First, what is ASL?
"Languages are rule-governed communication systems"
ASL is organized grammatically and has linguistic features that you must abide by. Therefore, it can be considered an official language, and has been recognized as such since the early 1960s.
Just like English, ASL has phonology, morphology, syntax, pragmatics, and semantics. However, for the purpose of this presentation, we will focus only on
What are those rules?
(Valli, Lucas, Mulrooney, & Villanueva, 2011, p. 1)
The study of the smallest contrastive units of language. For spoken languages, those contrastive units are sounds, for signed languages those contrastive units are variables.
Place of articulation
NON MANUAL SIGNS
DERIVATIONAL BOUND MORPHEMES
Due to fluctuations in population, it is hard to get a proper count of how many people use ASL, but it is estimated that around 500,000 to 2,000,000 people in America use it as their main language.
Each parameter is important in its own way. When two signs differ by only one parameter, it changes the meaning and they become a minimal pair.
It is not related to English!
Nor is it pantomime!
Teach + er = Teacher
I go to my favorite restaurant REGULARLY.
I go to my favorite restaurant OFTEN.
I go to my favorite restaurant ALL THE TIME.
I've been going to my favorite restaurant FOR A LONG TIME.
Non + smoke + er = Nonsmoker
Dog + s = Dogs
A vehicle drives uphill.
A vehicle drives downhill.
A vehicle speeds by.
A vehicle drives on a bumpy road.
I give to you.
You give to me.
I pick on you.
You pick on me.
A person saunters by.
A person runs by.
A person walks with a limp.
A person walks hunched over.
Good + Enough = Good enough
Girl + Marry = Wife
Home + Work = Homework
Agentive Suffix (-er)
A visual spatial language
Predominantly used by the Deaf community in the U. S.
Not a universal language
RULE: Weak-hand anticipation
RULE: Single sequence
RULE: First contact