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History of Hair Metal
Transcript of History of Hair Metal
"mullet" style hair cut that was popular in the
80's Music journalist Stephen Davis claims the influences of the style can be traced back to acts like Aerosmith, Kiss, Boston, Cheap Trick, and The New York Dolls. Particularly Kiss, but also the shock rock style of such acts as Alice Cooper, served as a major influence on the genre. Finnish band Hanoi Rocks have been credited with setting a blueprint for the look of hair metal. In the early 1980s a number of bands from across the US began to move towards what would become the glam metal sound. These included Kix from Western Maryland, who released their eponymous debut in 1981. From San Francisco Night Ranger's first album Dawn Patrol (1982), reached the top 40 in the US, but their breakthrough album was 1983's Midnight Madness, which included the top five single "Sister Christian". From New York Twisted Sister, originally formed as a glam rock band in 1972, released their first album, Under the Blade in 1982. The most active scene was in the clubs on Sunset Strip, Los Angeles, including The Trip, the Whisky a Go Go, and Starwood. These began to avoid booking punk rock bands because of fears of violence, and were colonized by metal bands, usually on a "pay to play" basis, creating a vibrant scene for hard rock music. One of the first groups to emerge from this scene were Mötley Crüe, with their albums Too Fast for Love (1981) and Shout at the Devil (1983). Quiet Riot's US debut Metal Health (1983) was the first glam metal album, and arguably the first heavy metal album, to reach number one in the Billboard music charts and helped open the doors for mainstream success by subsequent bands. Increasing numbers of L.A. bands were able to produce debut albums in 1984, including Ratt with their breakthrough Out of the Cellar (1984), and W.A.S.P. with their eponymous album. The Whiskey a Go Go on the Sunset Strip in Los Angleles fdf By the second half of the decade, despite mostly negative critical reviews and being shunned by certain sections of the music industry, glam metal had become the most reliable form of commercial popular music in the United States. In the last years of the decade the most notable successes were New Jersey (1988) by Bon Jovi, OU812 (1988) by Van Halen, while Open Up and Say... Ahh! (1988) by Poison, spawned number one hit single "Every Rose Has Its Thorn", and eventually sold eight million copies worldwide. Britny Fox from Philadelphia and Winger from New York released their eponymous débuts in 1988. In 1989 Mötley Crüe produced their most commercially successful album, the multi-platinum number one Dr. Feelgood. In the same year eponymous débuts included Danger Danger from New York and Dangerous Toys from Austin, Texas, who provided more of a Southern rock tone to the genre. L.A. debuts included Warrant with Dirty Rotten Filthy Stinking Rich (1989), and Skid Row with their eponymous album (1989), which reached number six in the Billboard 200, but they were to be one of the last major bands that emerged in the glam metal era. Early 90's Sucess Glam metal entered the 1990s as one of the major commercial genres of popular music. In 1990 debuts for Slaughter, from Las Vegas with Stick It to Ya and Firehouse, from North Carolina, with their eponymous album reached number 18 and number 21 on the Billboard 100 respectively, but it would be the peak of their commercial achievement. Guns N' Roses' Use Your Illusion I and Use Your Illusion II (both in 1991) and Van Halen's For Unlawful Carnal Knowledge (1991) showcased the genre's popularity. In 1992, Def Leppard followed up 1987's Hysteria with Adrenalize, which went multi-platinum, spawned four Top 40 singles and held the number one spot on the U.S. album chart for five weeks, the only hard rock album to reach that position that year. The Decline In the early 1990s glam metal's popularity rapidly declined after nearly a decade of success. Several music writers and musicians began to deride glam metal acts as "hair farmers," hinting at the soon-to-be-popularized term hair metal. Another reason for the decline in popularity of the style may have been the changing popularity of the power ballad. While its use, especially after a hard-rocking anthem, was initially a successful formula, in the late 1980s and early 1990s audiences lost interest in this approach. Move over Hair Metal, here comes Grunge One significant factor in the decline was the rise of grunge music from Seattle, with bands including Alice in Chains, Pearl Jam and Soundgarden. This was particularly obvious after the success of Nirvana's Nevermind (1991), which combined elements of hardcore punk and heavy metal into a dirty sound that made use of heavy guitar distortion, fuzz and feedback, along with darker lyrical themes, a stripped-down aesthetic and a complete rejection of the glam metal visual style and performance. Many major labels felt they had been caught off-guard by the surprise success of grunge and began turning over their personnel in favor of younger staffers more versed in the new scene. Nirvana Nirvana's sudden success widely popularized alternative rock as a whole, and the band's front man Cobain found himself referred to in the media as the "spokesman of a generation", with Nirvana being considered the "flagship band" of Generation X. Nirvana and the "grunge" movement was the antithesis to hair metal and was a major factor in hair metal's decline in popularity. The Revival....albeit a small one During the late 1990s and the 2000s glam metal began to enjoy something of a revival. Some established acts who had managed to weather the storm enjoyed renewed popularity, others reformed and new bands emerged to emulate the glam metal style. Bon Jovi were still able to achieve a commercial hit with "It's My Life" (2000). There were reunions and subsequent tours from Van Halen (with Hagar in 2004 and then Roth in 2007). The long awaited Guns N' Roses album Chinese Democracy was finally released in 2008, but only went platinum in the U.S., produced no hit singles, and failed to come close to the success of the band's late 1980s and early 1990s material. Europe's "Final Countdown" enjoyed a new lease of popularity as the millennium drew to a close and the band reformed. Other acts to reform included Ratt, Britny Fox, Stryper, and Skid Row. Beginning in 1999, Monster Ballads, a series of compilation albums that feature popular power ballads, usually from the glam metal genre, capitalized on the nostalgia, with the first volume going platinum. The VH1 sponsored Rock Never Stops Tour, beginning in 1998, has seen many glam metal bands take to the stage again, including on the inaugural tour: Warrant, Slaughter, Quiet Riot, FireHouse, and L.A. Guns. Nostalgia for the genre was evidenced in the production of the glam metal themed musical Rock of Ages, which ran in Los Angeles in 2006 and in New York in 2008. It was made into a film released in 2012. Wish I still had all that hair! First Wave During the mid-to-late 1980s, glam metal bands were in heavy rotation on MTV (Music Television), often at the top of MTV's daily dial countdown, and some of the bands appeared on the channel's shows such as Headbanger's Ball, which became one of the most popular programs with over 1.3 million views a week. End of the 80's Brings back the memories! Hair Metal's place in History Hair metal will always have a following. Although it will never regain the popularity and success it enjoyed in the 80's it's true fans will never let it be forgotten. Growing up in the 80's and being a big fan at that time of Hair Metal I still listen to some of the songs today and really enjoy them. I do look back and think how awful the look was and how awful some of the music really was but realize that it always seems great at the time you are in it. Say what you want but Rock and Roll would not be the same with the "Hair Metal" era and it did produce some great music and some bands that have stood the test of time. Glam metal (also known as hair metal and often used synonymously with pop metal) is a subgenre of hard rock and heavy
metal. It combines elements of these genres with
punk rock and pop music, adding catchy hooks and guitar riffs, while borrowing from the aesthetic of 1970s glam rock. It was all about the Lifestyle and the Hair!! Aesthetically glam metal draws heavily on the glam rock or glitter rock of the 1970s, often with very long backcombed hair, use of make-up, gaudy clothing and accessories (chiefly consisting of tight denim or leather jeans, spandex, and headbands). The visual aspects of glam metal appealed to music television producers, particularly MTV, whose establishment coincided with the rise of the genre. Glam metal performers became infamous for their debauched lifestyles of late-night parties, which were widely covered in the tabloid press. Musically, glam metal uses traditional hard rock and heavy metal songs, incorporating elements of punk rock, while adding pop-influenced catchy hooks and guitar riffs. Like other heavy metal songs of the 1980s, they often feature shred guitar solos. They also include extensive use of harmonies, particularly in the characteristic power ballads, slow, emotional songs that gradually build to a strong finale. These were among the most commercially successful singles in the genre and opened it up to a wider audience that would not have been attracted to traditional heavy metal. The Second Wave By the mid-1980s, glam metal had begun to be a major mainstream success. The most commercially significant release of the era was by Bon Jovi from New Jersey, with Slippery When Wet (1986), which mixed hard rock with a pop sensitivity, and spent a total of eight weeks at the top of the Billboard 200 album chart, selling over 12 million copies. It became the first hard rock album to spawn three top ten singles, two of which reached number one. The album has been credited with widening the audience for the genre, particularly by appealing to women as well as the traditional male dominated audience, and opening the door to MTV and commercial success for other bands at the end of the decade. References *All Images were obtained from Google
*All information content obtained from Wikipedia The Women!!!! Lyrical themes often deal with love and lust, concerns inherited from blues music, with songs often directed at a particular woman. Women were used as sex symbols to promote music videos and create a certain image that Hair Metal happily embraced. Tawny Kitaen from the WhiteSnake video "Here I Go Again"....She was so hot back in the day!!