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Transcript of Heart Attack1
A heart attack occurs when the blood supply to the heart is slowed or stopped because of blockage. SOME OTHER CAUSES 1. An uncommon cause of a heart attack is a spasm of a coronary artery that stops the blood flow to the heart muscle.
2. A heart attack can also occur due to a tear in the heart artery.
3. Other uncommon cause of heart attack include tumors that have traveled from other parts of the body. CAUSES WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS ? RISK FACTORS THERE ARE 5 STEPS TO PREVENT HEART DISEASE IMPROVING SYMPTOMS SMOKING QUIT SMOKING! 1
Physical activity can help control an individual's weight and their chances of developing heart disease. 2 A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and low-fat dairy products will help protect the heart. 3 4 Control the conditions, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes
Regular health check ups 5 Smoking and long-term exposure to secondhand smoke damage the interior walls of arteries — including arteries to your heart — allowing deposits of cholesterol and other substances that slows the blood flow. Smoking also increases the risk of deadly blood clots causing a heart attack. Due to fatty deposits. Due to blood clot. Other Names Myocardial infarction
Acute myocardial infarction
Acute coronary syndrome
Coronary occlusion What Body systems/ organs/tissues and cells are effected Body system:- circulatory system,respiratory system
Organs:- heart, lungs, brain, liver, and kidney
Tissues:- heart tissue
Cells:- muscle cells (as the heart) Fainting, dizziness
Men who are 45 or older and women who are 55 or older are more likely to have a heart attack than are younger men and women. Age. FAMILY HISTORY/HEREDITY If your siblings, parents or grandparents have had heart attacks, you may be at increased risk of heart attack. Diabetes. Diabetes is the inability of your body to adequately produce insulin to use glucose. High blood pressure High blood pressure can damage arteries.The risk of high blood pressure increases in people eating a diet high in salt & being overweight. High blood cholesterol A high level of the wrong kind of cholesterol in your blood increases the risk of a heart attack. Obesity
Stress. If you're under stress, you may overeat or smoke .Too much stress, as well as anger, can also raise your blood pressure. EXERCISE ! HEALTHY DIET Healthy weight! Lose weight if you are obese and cut extra fats. Reduce and manage stress Electrocardiogram (ECG) This test detects and records the electrical activity of the heart.Impulses are recorded as waves displayed on a monitor.Certain changes in the appearance of the electrical waves on an EKG are strong evidence of a heart attack. How to tell if you're having a heart attack ? Blood Tests During a heart attack, heart muscle cells die and burst open, letting certain proteins out in the bloodstream. Blood tests can measure the amount of these proteins in the blood. Higher than normal levels of these proteins in the blood is evidence of a heart attack. Coronary Angiography This test is a special x-ray exam of the heart and blood vessels done during a heart attack to show if the coronary arteries are narrowed
or blocked. Additional tests Echocardiogram
Exercise stress test
Cardiac computerized tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). TREATMENTS AND DRUGS After diagnosis, treatments to restore blood flow to the heart are started as soon as possible. Aspirin (ANTI-PLATELET MEDICINES) It reduces blood clotting, thus maintaining blood flow through a narrowed artery. Thrombolytic Medicines These medicines (also called clot busters) are used to dissolve blood clots that are blocking the arteries. These medicines thin the blood and prevent clots from forming in your arteries. Anticoagulants (blood-thinning) Beta blockers These medications help relax the heart muscle, slows the heartbeat, decreasing the workload on heart and prevents additional heart attacks. Pain relievers, cholestrol lowering medicines. Medical Procedures (NON-SURGICAL & SURGICAL) Angioplasty and stenting Emergency angioplasty can be used to open coronary arteries that are blocked by a blood clot. CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS SURGERY Coronary artery bypass is a surgery in which arteries or veins are taken from other areas of the body and sewn in place to bypass (that is, go around) blocked coronary arteries. This provides a new route for blood flow to the heart muscle. During angioplasty, a small mesh tube called a stent may be put in the artery to help keep it open. Some stents are coated with medicines that help prevent the artery from becoming blocked again.