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Europe

Mr. White's 8th grade World Geography classes Walker Grant Middle School
by

Kenneth White

on 4 September 2015

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Transcript of Europe

Europe
Roadmap:

-Physical Features
-Economic Characteristics
-Cultural Characteristics
Bellringer: February 4, 2015

1st. Write your homework down
(
leave out for me to check
)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out ONE copy of the
World Geography Bellringer

4th. Being working on the
World Geography Bellringer

**Remember you get points for how you enter class!!! The race is getting closer every point counts!!!
Physical Characteristics
Peninsulas
Islands
Mountains
Seas
Oceans
It is about 3,459 miles from New York City to London.
Europe is about 2.3 million square miles with more than 580 million people living in Europe.
Peninsula
: is a
piece of land that is connected to a larger land mass
on one side but
has water on the other three sides
.
Iberian Peninsula
Italian Peninsula
Scandinavian Peninsula
Jutland Peninsula
The Balkan Peninsula
Bellringer: February 6, 2015

1st. Write your homework down
(
leave out for me to check
)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out ONE copy of the
World Geography Bellringer

4th. Being working on the
World Geography Bellringer

**Remember you get points for how you enter class!!! The race is getting closer every point counts!!!
Bellringer: February 10, 2014

1st. Write your homework down
(
leave out for me to check
)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out ONE copy of the
World Geography Bellringer

4th. Being working on the
World Geography Bellringer

**Remember you get points for how you enter class!!! The race is getting closer every point counts!!!
Q: Where is Europe?
Q: What are some countries that make up the European continent?
Q: What continents border Europe?
Q: What buildings and monuments might you find in Europe?
Q: What major physical features are located in Europe?
Q: What major bodies of water border Europe?
A1: Eastern Hemisphere
Eiffel Tower
Notre Dame
Leaning Tower of Pisa
Colosseum
Alps Mountains
Pyrenees Mountains
Europe Political Map:

Directions:

1st. Get a political map from Mr. White

2nd. Label the following countries:
-Switzerland
-Luxembourg
-Norway
-Ukraine
-France
-Spain
-Germany
-United Kingdom
-Italy
3rd. Color all of the countries different colors on your map

4th. Once you have labeled your map hole punch it and put in in your binder.
Physical Features
Peninsulas
Islands
Mountains
Rivers
Seas
Oceans
Island
: is a
body of land
that is smaller than a continent and
completely surrounded by water
.
Great Britain
Ireland
Bellringer: February 11, 2014

1st. Write your homework down
(
leave out for me to check
)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out ONE copy of the
World Geography Bellringer

4th. Being working on the
World Geography Bellringer

**Remember you get points for how you enter class!!! The race is getting closer every point counts!!!
Iceland
Iceland
Key Facts:

-Names: Great Britain, British Isles, England

-Four regions:
England
,
Scotland
,
Wales
(Islands of Great Britain), and
Northern Ireland
.

-People are described as British (English, Scots, the Welsh, or the Irish)

-
Separated
from the rest of Europe
by the English Channel

-Constitutional monarchy
and
parliamentary democracy

-60 million people

-
Main religion is
Christianity (Protestant Christians)
Constitutional monarchy
: A
king or queen
serves as
head of state
and takes part in ceremonies, but
elected officials actively run the government
.
Parliamentary democracy:
voters elect members of Parliament, and the leader of the party with the most members is the
prime minister
(
head of government
).
The Republic of Ireland:

-Won its independence from the United Kingdom in
1922
.

-Economy:
Farming
(raising sheep and cattle and growing vegetables) and
Manufacturing
(clothing, pharmaceuticals, and computer equipment.)

-Language:
Irish Gaelic
(Celtic language) and
English

-Population: About 60 percent of the Irish live in cities or towns.

-Religion: Catholic
Hello= Dia Dhuit
How are you? = Conas ata tu
The Republic of Iceland:

-This island sits in an area of the
North Atlantic Ocean where two plates meet
.

-Economy: mix of agriculture, manufacturing, and service industries
Examples:
Geothermal energy
, and
hydroelectric power
.

-Language:
Icelandic language (Germanic language)


-Religion
: Protestant Lutheran (Branch of Christianity)

-Government:
Republic
with an
elected president
(Iceland's parliament is one of the oldest surviving legislatures in the world.)
Olafur Grimsson
Sicily
Queen Elizabeth II
David Cameron
Bellringer: February 9, 2015

1st. Write your homework down
(
leave out for me to check
)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out ONE copy of the
World Geography Bellringer

4th. Being working on the
World Geography Bellringer

**Remember you get points for how you enter class!!! The race is getting closer every point counts!!!
Adriatic Sea
Aegean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
Baltic Sea
Black Sea
North Sea
Rivers
Danube River
and
Rhine River
: Two of Europe's longest rivers are important for transporting goods.
Key River Facts:

*
Rivers are vital to economic survival in Europe

-Danube= Flows
west
to
east

-Rhine= travels through
Switzerland, Germany, France, Netherlands.

-Seine=
Paris
was established along this river

-Volga= found in
Russia
.
Alps Mountains
: Main branch of this mountain range can be found in
Austria
,
Switzerland, and Italy
.

Pyrenees Mountains
:
Divides France
and
Spain
and serves as a
major cultural barrier.

Economic Characteristics
Climate Regions
Main Idea= Wind patterns and water currents shape Europe's climate.
Key Facts about water and wind patterns:

-
North Atlantic current
carries warm waters from the Gulf of Mexico towards Europe.

-
Westerlies
(prevailing winds) are a major influence on warming the European climate.

-
Warm winds
from Africa=
High temperatures(HOT temperatures)
in
Southern Europe

-
Cold Winds
from Asia=
Lower temperatures(COLD temperatures)
throughout much of
Eastern Europe

-Winds blowing off the water cool the hot land in the summer and warm the cold land in the winter.

-Coastal areas have a more moderate climate than inland areas.
Bellringer: February 19, 2014

1st. Write your homework down
(
leave out for me to check
)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out ONE copy of the
World Geography Bellringer

4th. Being working on the
World Geography Bellringer

**Remember you get points for how you enter class!!! The race is getting closer every point counts!!!
Resources
Tourism
and
Recreation
Mineral resources
can also be found in the mountain regions.
Industrial
and
transportation centers
have developed near
mineral deposits
,
coal
, and
iron ore
.
Examples:

Ruhr Valley
: located in
Germany
; grew during the industrial revolution because of
coal mining
and
steel production
.
Po Valley
: located in
Italy
, near the
Po River
Fiat headquarters located in
Turin, Italy
along the Po River.
Question Check
Q: What are the resources of Europe that contribute to the economy of Europe?
Q: What car company's headquarters is located in Turin, Italy?
Q: What mineral deposit is found in the Ruhr Valley and where is the Ruhr Valley located?
Oil
can be found in the
North Sea
Trade
Trade:

-
Trade
has been
important to Europe
for thousands of years

-By the
1540s
,
Portugal
had established a
chain of trading post
all the way
to Japan

-European merchants and governments created new economic systems.

-The
Industrial Revolution
in the 1700s
enabled European nations to ship traded goods faster
. (
The Railroad
)

-Many
major trading routes
cross the continent and rivers and canals serve as major transportation routes.

Resources

Trade

Industry and Infrastructure

Role of Government in Economy

Pollution
Industry and Infrastructure
Industry and Infrastructure

-
Europe
was the
birthplace of the Industrial Revolution
in the 18th and 19th centuries

-
United Kingdom, France, and Germany are the major industrial powers

-A
well-educated workforce
uses the continent's mineral resources efficiently in modern factories.

-The modern factories are
linked together by well organized transportation
(
infrastructure
)
France:

Literacy Rate: 99%

Population: 60,700,000
Germany:

Literacy Rate: 99%

Population: 82,500,000
United Kingdom:

Literacy Rate: 99%

Population: 60,100,000
Infrastructure
: system of roads and railroads that allows the transport of materials.
Role of Government
Role of Government in Economy

-There is a difference in the economies and industrial development of Eastern and Western European countries. (
Eastern Europe has developed industry slower
)

-After World War II
Eastern Europe
consisted of
communist nations
with
command economies
and
Western Europe
had
democratic nations
with capitalist economies.

-Because of Soviet communism, Eastern European countries were poorly managed leading to problems with infrastructure, industry, and pollution in these areas.
European Union (EU)

-
Formed
in
1993
by several democracies in Western Europe.

-Goal: to
unite
Europe (Now the EU
includes Eastern European countries
)

-
The EU allows goods, services, and workers to move freely among member countries
.

-Created a
common currency
called the
euro

-
Member states
can
trade easily
among themselves because there is
no need to exchange
, for example
French francs for German marks
.
European Union
Bellringer: February 10, 2015

1st. Write your homework down
(
leave out for me to check
)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out ONE copy of the
World Geography Bellringer

4th. Being working on the
World Geography Bellringer

**Remember you get points for how you enter class!!! The race is getting closer every point counts!!!
Pollution
Pollution

-Several areas in Europe are threatened by air and water pollution.

-Forests:
-
Black Forest
in
Germany
is threatened with
acid rain
.

-Cities:
-
Venice, Italy

-Rivers:

Rhine, Danube, Seine
Cultural Characteristics
Cultural Landscape
Castles
Chalets: Switzerland
Notre Dame
=
Paris, France
Arc de Triomphe
=
Paris, France
Louvre
=
Paris, France
Eiffel Towe
r=
Paris, France
Cultural Characteristics

-Europe is considered the birthplace of the
Industrial Revolution
. It started in England in the 1700's.

-Europe is considered
multicultural
because of the
multiple ethnic groups
,
languages
,
religions
, and
customs
in existence there.

-Switzerland has multiple languages and ethnic groups, but has enjoyed much peace and lack of conflict.

-The
Francophone world
consists of
French speaking countries
and regions of the world.


Cultural Characteristics

-
European culture has spread
(diffused) to other parts of the world as a result of exploration, colonization, and imperialism.
Example: Spanish language and Roman Catholic religion in Latin America
.

-The
birthplaces of western culture are Greece (Athens) and Rome
.

-Europe is on of the world's
most densely populated
regions.

-Europe is
highly urbanized
. Because of the high urbanization rate and the high population density, Europe suffers from various forms of pollution, including acid rain pollution.
Europe has had recent
conflicts, wars, and revolutions
. These conflicts have been a
result of religious differences and/or ethnic differences
.

Examples include:

-
Northern Ireland
-
conflict between
the
Roman Catholics
and
Protestants
(both are Christian religions)

-
Yugoslavia
-
conflict between
the
Serbs, Croats, Bosnians, and Albanians
on the Balkan peninsula.
Conflicts and Wars
Bellringer: February 24, 2014

1st. Write your homework down
(
leave out for me to check
)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out ONE copy of the
World Geography Bellringer

4th. Being working on the
World Geography Bellringer

**Remember you get points for how you enter class!!! The race is getting closer every point counts!!!
Colosseum
=
Italy

Leaning Tower of Pisa
=
Italy
St. Peter's Basilica
=
Vatican City (Inside Rome)
Parthenon
=
Athens, Greece
Westminster Abbey
=
London, England
Big Ben
=
London England
Windmills
=
The Netherlands
The
Netherlands
consists of a
large amount of land
that is either
at or below sea level.

Very
fertile land
that has been
reclaimed from the North Sea is called polders.

It was once covered by the North Sea and there is
a system of dams and dikes keeping the North Sea off of the land
.
Important Cities (Centers of culture and trade)
Berlin
: the
capital of Germany
; at one time Berlin was split into
democratic west Berlin
, and
communist east Berlin
London
: the
capital of the United Kingdom
;
located on the Thames River
where it narrows;
home of Westminster Abby and Big Ben
.
Paris
: the
capital of France
;
located on the Seine River
. Major landmarks: Notre Dame, Arc de Triomphe, Louvre, and the Effiel Tower
Madrid
:
capital of Spain
Rome
:
capital of Italy
; center of the ancient Roman Empire; Important landmark:
the Colosseum
(ancient Roman ruins)
Pisa
:
city in Italy; site of famous Leaning Tower of Pisa
Athens
:
capital of Greece
;
site of the ancient Greek civilization
; important landmark: Parthenon
Warsaw
:
capital of Poland
Gibraltar
: a
British colony located at the Strait of Gibraltar
; important location because of
trade through the Mediterranean Sea
.
Vatican City
: an
independent country located within Rome
;
site of the famous St. Peter's Basilica
;
headquarters
of the
Roman Catholic Church
.
Bellringer: February 25, 2014

1st. Write your homework down
(
leave out for me to check
)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out ONE copy of the
World Geography Bellringer

4th. Being working on the
World Geography Bellringer

**Remember you get points for how you enter class!!! The race is getting closer every point counts!!!
Bellringer: February 26, 2014

1st. Write down homework
(Leave out for me to check)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out ONE copy of
U.S. History II Bellringer

4th. Begin working on U.S. History II Bellringer

**Remember you get points for how you enter the class!!! WIN THE DAY!!!!
Full transcript