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The Persian Gulf War

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by

Rolando Cantu

on 22 May 2014

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Transcript of The Persian Gulf War

Causes of the Persian Gulf War
Saddam Hussein wanted to take over Kuwait for their oil
Iraq accused Kuwait of having an over production of oil but under pricing it in the market
They also accused Kuwait of illegally pumping oil from Iraq's oil fields
These actions soon got 32 other nations involved
Leader of Saudi Arabia
King Fahad Bin Abdulaziz
Leader of USA
George H.W. Bush
Weapons
Mustard Gas
Chemical weapon
Blisters on skin
Eyelids swell
If inhaled could cause bleeding in respiratory system
Don't know you've been exposed until skin irritation occurs
Leader of Kuwait
Jabar III
Red Sea
Leader of Iraq
Saddam Hussein
M1A1 Abrams
A tank created by the United States
Can hold 4 crew members
Kill range is 2,500 meters
23 M1A1 tanks were damaged or destroyed in the Persian Gulf War
Mainly used in Desert Storm and Desert Shield
Leader of Iran
Ali Khamenei
Persian Gulf
MIM-104
A mobile vehicle that can launch long- range missiles
Cost $2-3 Million
During the war the goal of the MIM-104 was to shoot down oncoming short range Iraqi missiles
AH-64 Apache
F-117A Stealth
Stealth attack aircraft
Costs about $111.2 Million to build
Strictly a ground attack aircraft
maximum speed of 614mph
1 pilot
Saudi Arabia
Map of the Middle East
Kuwait
Iran
Iraq
Effects of weapons
The Persian Gulf War
By: Rolando Cantu and Christian Holloway
The United States of America
The United Nations 1990
Aug. 3 The UN condemned the invasion of Iraq into Kuwait and ordered the Iraqis to withdraw

Aug. 6 The UN imposed an embargo against Iraq
-Saddam refused to leave Kuwait
Desert Shield
Saudi Arabia asked the UN for help to protect their oil and land from Iraq
Norman Schwarzkopf led the coalition forces, 500,000 U.S troops & 750,000 international troops
Drew a line in the sand- so America could build up their military
Desert Storm
Set deadline for Iraq's withdraw
- January 15, 1991
Deadline passed Schwarzkopf launched Desert Storm
Liberated Kuwait and destroyed Iraq's army in 100 hours by ground
Iraq invaded Kuwait
Iraq invaded Kuwait
August 2, 1990
Indian Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
Pacific Ocean
Asia
Middle East
Europe
Africa
South
America

Australia
North America
Oil Fields in Iran
1990

Top oil producers in the world
1990
Conflict between Iraq & Iran is common
Connects the Euphrates and Tigris rivers to the Persian Gulf
"....a line in the sand"
Norman Schwarzkopf
Afghanistan
Pakistan
India
Arlington County, Virginia
New York City
Mustard gas
M1A1 Abram Tank
MIM-104 Patriot
An attack helicopter
First Flown on September 30, 1975
Around $20 million to build
Holds 2 crew members
Can hold rockets, missiles, & a chain gun
After The Persian Gulf War Saudi Arabia Purchased 12
M230 Chain Gun
Fifth President of Iraq
Served from July 16, 1979 until April 9, 2003
August 2, 1990, Saddam invaded Kuwait
Served as King from June 13, 1982 – August 1, 2005
Agreed to host American troops on his soil
Many Saudi citizens weren't happy with this decision
End of the War
Schwarzkopf Saluting an Iraqi Lt. General after the cease-fire terms were talked about
After 42 days of relentless attacks by the allied coalition in the air and on the ground, U.S. President George H.W. Bush declared a cease-fire on February 28; by that time, most Iraqi forces in Kuwait had either surrendered or fled.
Celebration in NYC. American troops coming home from the war
Shatt al Arab waterway
Served from December 31, 1977 – January 15, 2006
Called on the U.N to help back him in the war against Iraq
He served as Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran from June 5, 1989 to the present
He issued a "Holy War" against U.S. military bases in Saudi Arabia.
2003 Firdos Square statue destruction
Countries in the Gulf War Coalition
Number of Troops
Iraq
Baghdad

Tehran
Brussels
Moscow
Kyiv
A coalition of countries attack Iraq in 2003
due to Saddam Hussein failure to comply
to UN Security Council Resolution 1441.
UN Resolution 1441 states that Iraq was in
material breach of the ceasefire terms under the terms of UN Resolution 6877
Casus Belli of the Iraq Invasion
Geneva

London
Dublin
Berlin
Warsaw
Lisbon
Rome
Any Questions?
Credits
www.youtube.com
www.google.com/images
www.history.com/topics/persian-gulf-war
www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB39/
www.military.com/Resources/HistorySubmittedFileView?file=history_gulfwar.htm
www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/452778/Persian-Gulf-War
www.faqs.org/espionage/Ke-Lo/Kuwait-Oil-Fires-Persian-Gulf-War.html#b
Full transcript