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Saturn

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Aman Singh

on 6 January 2014

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Transcript of Saturn

Saturn
By: Aman Singh
BC6

Temperature Extremes
Saturn's surface temperature is -180 degrees Celsius. However, Saturn's tilt causes uneven temperatures on the planet. Saturn is a windy planet with 1,000 mile-an-hour winds. At the top of Saturn's clouds, there is an average temperature of -285 degrees Fahrenheit with warmer temperatures deeper in.
Saturn's Moons
Saturn has 53 named moons. However, there are only 18 major moons. This includes Pan(1990), Atlas(1980), Prometheus(1980), Pandora(1980), Epimetheus(1980), Janus(1966), Mimas(1789), Enceladus(1789), Tethys(1684), Telesto(1980), Calypso(1980), Dione(1684), Helene(1980), Rhea(1672), Titan(1655), Hyperion(1848), Iapetus (1671), and Phoebe(1898).
Interior Characteristics

Saturn's atmosphere contains 96.3% molecular hydrogen and 3.25% helium. Saturn also consists of small amounts of methane, ammonia, and other gases. Scientists think that small amounts of water vapor and hydrogen sulfide are probably found at lower levels of the atmosphere. Saturn has a surface gravity of 10.4m/s2. Saturn's surface area is 42,700,000,000 km to the power of 2.
Introduction
Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and is the second largest planet in the Solar System, after Jupiter. It is named after the Roman god of agriculture, and its astronomical symbol represents the god's sickle. Many say that Saturn is also the most beautiful planet in our Solar System.
TAKE A LOOK:
Exterior Characteristics
Saturn is made of frozen gas and is also known as a "gas giant". Saturn's equatorial diameter is 9.4 times the diameter of Earth. Saturn is 74,898 miles (120,536km) in equatorial diameter. The polar diameter of Saturn is 67,560 miles (108,728km) and the mass is 95 times the mass of Earth. The mass of Saturn is 568.3E24 kg. The radius of Saturn is 58,232km.
Saturn's polar area
Hydrogen
Helium
Saturn's Rings
The ring system of Saturn is divided into six major parts. This includes the G, F, A, B , C, and D rings, listed from outside to inside. However, these major divisions are subdivided into thousands of individual ringlets. The F and G rings are thin and difficult to see, while the A, B, C, and D rings are broad and easily visible. The large gap between the A ring and the B ring is called the Cassini division.
Ring Diagram
Close up
Saturn's biggest moon
(Titan)
All of its moons
Rotational and Orbital Period
Saturn's rotational period is 10-11 hours(depending on its latitude). The rapid rotation flattens Saturn at the poles by 10%, making it the most oblate planet. Saturn's orbital period is 29.5 years.
Diagram of how Saturn looks when
oblate
Saturn's tilt
WINDY!
Satellites/Probes Visited
The first spacecraft to visit Saturn was NASA's Pioneer 11 in 1979 and later by Voyager 1 and Voyager 2. Cassini (NASA/ESA project) arrived on July 1st 2004. Pioneer 11 was from the U.S and launched April 6, 1973. It arrived September 1st 1979. It was a flyby spacecraft and found unclear images of Saturn,its rings and its moons. Voyager 1 (flyby spacecraft) was also from the U.S and was launched September 5, 1977. It arrived November 13, 1980 and found 900 images of Saturn's moons, and information about Titan's atmosphere. Voyager 2 was a flyby spacecraft and was launched August 25, 1981. Cassini was from the U.S, ESA, and Italy. It was launched October 13th,1997, and arrived July 1st,2004. It was an orbiter that performed twelve science experiments to find out more about Saturn's moons, rings, atmosphere, and Titans atmosphere.
Pioneer 11
Voyager 1
Voyager 2
Cassini
Fascinating Facts!
Saturn is sometimes called ''The Jewel of the Solar System" because many think it is the most beautiful planet out there!
Saturn is the only planet that can float in water!
The day Saturday was named after Saturn
Saturn's rings are the only rings that can be seen with a telescope from Earth
Galileo originally called Saturn's rings "ears"
A year on Saturn is over 10,000 days!
In mythology, the Titans were the brothers and sisters of the god Saturn
Galileo
Review
Let's see how well you were paying attention with a little game I like to call "Jeopardy, Saturn Edition''. Just like all of you know, you ask for the category, the number of points and you get a question. When you get it right, you get the number of points! Remember, the more the points, the more difficult the questions.
SOURCES:
Before we get started, I'd like to give credit to the following:
www.ducksters.com
www.linktolearning.com
www.superkids.com
www.nasa.gov
space-facts.com
amazing-space.stsci.edu
www.youtube.com
http://www.saturnpower.ca/
http://nineplanets.org/saturn.html
http://www.universetoday.com/
http://www.factmonster.com/
http://www.planetfacts.net/
Books:
SPACE WARS, WORLDS & WEAPONS ( Steven Eisler)

Steven Eisler
Jeopardy
Ring-a-ding-ding
Miraculous Moons
Super Satellites
Terrific Temperatures
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Which part of Saturn can you see with a telescope from Earth?
a) rings
b)atmosphere
c)Polar area
d)none of the above
How many actual rings does Saturn have?
a)nine
b)eight
c)six
d)thousands
How many major rings does Saturn have?
a)four
b)nine
c)six
d)two
Which one of these rings are broad and easily visible?
a)Ring B
b)Ring F
c)Ring G
d)none of the above
Which one of these rings are thin and difficult to see?
a)Ring C
b)Ring B
c)Ring G
d)none of the above
What is the gap between the A and B ring called?
a)Voyager 1
b)Pandora
c)Cassini Division
d)Ring C
Which is Saturn's largest moon?
a)Phoebe
b)Rhea
c)Titan
d)Enceladus
How many named moons does Saturn have?
a)fifty-two
b)ten
c)nine
d)fifty-three
How many MAJOR moons does Saturn have?
a)twenty-seven
b)fifty-three
c)six
d)eighteen
Which of the following was named after the "Goddess of Curiosity" ?
a)Atlas
b)Pandora
c)Janus
d)none of the above
Which moon was not found in the 1980's?
a)Atlas
b)Prometheus
c)Pan
d)Pandora
Which one is the most recent found moon?
a)Pan
b)Hyperion
c)Dione
d)Epimetheus
Which was the first ever spacecraft to visit Saturn?
a)Pioneer 10
b)Pioneer 11
c)Cassini
d)none of the above
Who did Cassini belong to?

a)only NASA
b)only ESA
c)only Italy to be specific
d)NASA,ESA and Italy
Where was Pioneer 11 from?
a)Europe
b)U.S
c)Australia
d)all of the above
Which type of spacecraft was Voyager 1?
a)flyby
b)orbiter
c)a and b
d)none of the above
What did Pioneer 11 find?
a)unclear images of Saturn
b)900 images of Saturn's moons and information on Titans atmosphere
c)proof of an alien invasion!
d)none of the above
When did Cassini launch?
a)October 13th,1997
b)July 1st, 2004
c)August 25th,1982
d)May 29th, 2002
Which "weather term" would best suit Saturn?
a)rainy
b)windy
c)cloudy
d)none of the above
Why is Saturn cold?
a)because of its distance from the Sun
b)because of its mass
c)a and b
d)none of the above
How many "mile-an-hour" winds does Saturn have?
a)3,000,000 mile-an-hour
b)75 mile-an-hour
c)290 mile-an-hour
d)1000 mile-an-hour
What causes uneven temperatures on Saturn?
a)its tilt
b)its rotation
c)its size
d)a and b
What is the average temperature above Saturn's clouds?
a)-285 degrees F
b)-375 degrees F
c)-184 degrees F
d)-6 degrees F
What is Saturn's surface temperature?
a)-180 degrees C
b)-375 degrees C
c)184 degrees C
d)6 degrees C
Saturn Edition
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