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Prescription Drugs

stuff on drugs
by

Chris Lantzy

on 16 May 2011

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Transcript of Prescription Drugs

Prescription Drugs An estimated 20% of people in the United States use prescription drugs for non-medical reasons. This is prescription drug abuse. It is one of the fastest growing drug problems in the U.S. Effects of Prescription Drug Use Continuous abuse of prescription drugs can lead to addiction. The most addictive of these drugs are
-narcotic painkillers
-sedatives and traquilizers
-stimulants Continued use of sedatives can lead to physical dependance of the drugs and when the use is reduced or stopped quickly, withdrawal symptoms may occur. Continued use of stimulants can lead to paranioa, agressive behavior, extreme anorexia, thinking problems, visual and auditory hallucinations, delusions, and severe dental problems. Prescription Drug Names Such as... Oh yeah, and that was only the street names just for prescription sedatives. Mebaral, Quaaludes, Xanax and Valium, and Nembutal, and the list goes on and on. Here are some examples of chemical names of prescription drugs.
-Oxycodone (OxyContin, Percodan, Percocet)
-Propoxyphene (Darvon)
-Hydrocodone (Vicodin, Lortab, Lorcet)
-Hydromorphone (Dilaudid)
-Meperidine (Demerol)
-Diphenoxylate (Lomotil)
-Morphine (Kadian, Avinza, MS Contin)
-Codeine
-Fentanyl (Duragesic)
-Methadone And the street names...
Hillbilly heroin, oxy, OC, oxycotton, percs, happy pills, vikes Gotta love that warning that is barely visible in the corner! The Price to Pay The price of prescription drugs rose rapidly during the late '90s and early 2000s, and although the rate of growth in price has fallen in the past few years, it is predicted to go up again in 2011 through 2019. The cost of rehab varies depending on the program's length, the type of program, the program's location, the program's amenities (fitness facilities, professional chefs, golf-outings, etc.), and the person's insurance coverage. The average cost of a prescription drug is $69.91. In 1995, the average cost was only $30.01. The federal, state, and local governments spend $18 billion anually on prescription drug abuse. The effects of fo narcotic painkillers are drowsiness, weakness and fatigue, feelings of elation, dry mouth, difficulty urinating, and difficulty breathing. Some rehab facilities can cost as much as $100,000 for some executive facilities. Prescription Drug Abusers In a survey taken in 2009, 20% of teens say that they have taken a prescription drug without a doctor's prescription. Narcotic painkillers are typically abused by those who participate in sports as well as professional wrestling. Prescription drugs are also often abused by those who are in depression. Every year, an estimated 4.7 million people in the U.S. abuse prescription drugs for the first time. 2.5 million use pain relievers, 1.2 million use traquilizers, 760,000 use stimulants, and 225,000 use sedatives. Prescription Drug History The Prescription Drug Marketing Act was signed into law by President Ronald Reagan on April 12, 1988. This law stated that there must be a warning label and the potential side effects on the side of the drug's container. Modern issues of prescription drug abuse began in the 19th century. Prescription drugs were unregulated by the law, so the easier access led people to addiction. The Civil War caused greater use of morphine because those who were wounded in battle were often given prescribeb it for pain management. How is it introduced to the body? Most prescription drugs are either given by injection or by pill. Narcotic painkillers act upon receptors in the brain and spinal cord to ease pain and reduce the response to pain. Stimulants elevate mood, increase feelings of well-being, and increase energy and alertness. Sedative reduce anxiety, tension, and sleep disorders. Sedatives are usually used for panic attacks, high anxiety, and to reduce stress. Works Cited "The Facts About Morphine and Morphine Addiction Help." Nationaltreatmentcenters.org. National Treatment Centers. Web. 12 May 2011. .
"More on Prescription Drug Abuse." Narconon Drug Rehad & Prevention News. Narconon International. Web. 10 May 2011. .
"OxyContin." Bvcasa.org. BVCASA. Web. .
"Prescription Drug Abuse: Facts on Drugs: NIDA for Teens." Drugabuse.gov. National Institute of Drug Abuse. Web. 10 May 2011. .
"Prescription Drug Abuse." Medline Plus. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 4 Dec. 2010. Web. 10 May 2011. .
"Prescription Drug Costs: Background Brief." Kaiseredu.org. The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, 10 Feb. 2010. Web. 11 May 2011. .
"Prescription Drug Prices." Atg.wa.gov. Web. 11 May 2011. .
"Prescription Medication Abuse Continues among Staten Island Young Adults." Silive.com. Advance Internet, 10 July 2009. Web. 10 May 2011. .
"Prescription Sedative Tranquilizers." Drugfree.org. Yahoo. Web. 10 May 2011. .
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