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TOK Presentation - Media Coverage of Shootings
Transcript of TOK Presentation - Media Coverage of Shootings
-Gave the reader a description of perpetrators' motives.
-Could lead to (and did in some cases) people repeating what they did.
-Could lead to more bullying or isolation of those who resemble the perpetrators described. Aftermath of the coverage Students most affected by the shooting were closely followed by the media
Media showed the state of the survivors Copycats Many shootings occurred in the following years
Characteristics and motives were similar
Media covered all of them in the same way:
Named/described shooters (fame)
Detailed the crime
Numbered the victims
Ranked against other shooters Bang Bang, You're Dead 2003: release of Columbine movie,"Bang Bang You're Dead"
seen through the eyes of the shooters Real-Life Situation Patterns of copycats Adored the Columbine killers
Wanted to do a better mass shooting
Felt either depressed or persecuted
Many of them wrote about hating society Weren't actually bullied.
Weren't part of the Trench Coat Mafia or goths
Didn't listen to Marilyn Manson like the media had reported (caused large problems for him)
Not originally intended to be a shooting. It was a failed bombing.
Shooters did not target specific types of people Columbine Myths Columbine Myths (cont.) There were warning signs of the shootings.
One of the killers was found making pipe bombs
Made violent threats on the internet
Students and teachers were not able to communicate with each other
Fire alarm went on for hours
A different girl declared her faith in God Knowledge Issue How can language influence perception, and what are the resulting effects? Counterpoint: Ethics and Laws However... Ethics and Reason Ethics By now, we have established that the media plays some role in copycat shootings
Though legal, is it moral to give shootings so much media attention, despite the potential negative outcomes? Outline of Ethics Mainly about behavior and how it affects other people
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1782): The Social Contract
In a democracy, people are only bound by their own rules Many killers pay credit to those before them
Their information source is the media
Without media coverage, these people wouldn't have anyone to idolize First Amendment (US): Freedom of the Press
Would making it illegal to cover shootings infringe upon media rights?
Making it illegal to cover shootings might result in more things being made illegal to cover. In a true democracy, people are only bound to their own laws
If these things were voted on by the population, they would adhere to democracy. History Coverage of F.D.R.'s Polio F.D.R. Other Changes in the Media How has media coverage changed over the years, and what are the effects of these changes? Reporters avoided taking pictures of him in a wheelchair out of respect for him and to keep public opinion high
Political cartoonists drew him running, jumping, or leaping
Result: few people knew he was in a wheelchair.
Media considered the effects of their coverage
Avoided potential negative effects Information speed/immediacy
Reporters are now able to cover stories that occurred a few hours before broadcasting
Doesn't give time to confirm their sources
Can only report speculations
People might take them as fact
This happened at Columbine Other Applications of our Knowledge Issue Dihydrogen monoxide
major component of acid rain
may cause severe burns
fatal if inhaled
contributes to erosion
found in tumors of terminal cancer patients Dihydrogen monoxide = water Through a clever use of language, people get thousands of petition signatures every year to make dihydrogen monoxide (water) illegal. Despite these problems, dihydrogen monoxide is often used:
as an industrial solvent/coolant
in nuclear power plants
in animal research
in distribution of pesticides
as an additive to junk foods Propaganda Mitt Romney Repeatedly referred to contraceptives as "abortive pills"
Likely changed some people's perception & resulting actions C O N C L U S I O N The media should carefully consider the effects of their coverage instead of covering what will get them the most attention. Real-Life Conclusion Knowledge Issue Conclusion Language can profoundly influence perception. These perceptions then lead us to take different courses of action. Language should be carefully selected according to resulting actions. Thank you for watching. Any questions? Counterpoint: Role of the Media It is the role of the media to provide the public with information about events
People should be informed of the events around them And... Although the media has the duty to inform us, do tapes of crying parents and videos of the shootings really do so?