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History of Music
Transcript of History of Music
20th century (1900- 1930)
20th century (1931- 1959)
20th Century (1960-1999)
How long has music existed in Canada? Aboriginal people have been making 'Inter-tribal" songs since the first settlements 16.5 thousand years ago! This music didn't really change for thousands of years until the flute was introduced and flute songs came to be. With that came Peyote songs being brought in as ceremonial songs for the Native American Church.
In the 17th century French settlers settled in what they called New France bringing along European music, teaching the aboriginal people of Quebec City their style of dance, their songs and fiddle playing.
Music was composed in Canada in the 18th century, but very little was published. However in the late 18th century opera pieces began to appear, and Canada had it first home grow grand opera. The Concert hall was built in Quebec City. Programs included orchestra and chamber music. Fiddlers were common in most public drinking places. Two new instruments revealed itself in this century, the harmonica and the accordion in folk music.
In the beginning of the early 19th century Canadian musical groups had started forming rapidly writing polkas, waltzes, and gallops. Folk music was still thriving and the first piece of music to appear in a newspaper happened on September 19th 1831 in a French paper. . In 1844 a man named Samuel Nordheimer opened one of the first music stores in Toronto and sold pianos and eventually also started selling sheet music. Oh Canada was written in French in 1880 and commissioned by the Lieutenant Governor of Quebec as a song for a St. John the Baptist ceremony -translated into English in 1908.
At the start of the 20th century we are introduced to Robert Nathaniel one of the first African Canadian Musicians. Later during the first World War many Canadian songs became popular with some reaching international success. Radio finally came to Canada in 1920 with the first commercial radio station in Montreal being called CFCF in 1922. By 1923 there were 34 stations in Canada. During that same time there was also a rise in popularity of Jazz music. By the time of 1930 the great depression hit Canada with most people finding Swing Jazz as the most enjoyable music from this came Canada's first superstar Guy Lombarto and his band the Royal Canadians. This band sold more than 300 million albums.
After the great depression Canadian musicians’ success continued. One of the most famous was Oscar Peterson who was said to be one of the greatest jazz player of all time winning 8 Grammy awards in his lifetime. Others include: Hank Snow who was a big country star and now in the Canadian song writers’ Hall of Fame. After this, there was a lull until after World War 2 with Portia White who was a Opera star and because she was African Canadian and a women she was said by the government of Canada to be "A person of historic significance".
The 60’s were characterized by Rock and Roll. We were known for such artists’ as Neil Young, Lenard Cohen and Joni Mitchell. The 70’s were about such bands as Rush, April Wine, Trooper and folk stars Gordon Lightfoot, and Anne Murray. The 80’s brought Bryan Adams and Kim Mitchell and the 90’s Shania Twain, BareNaked Ladies and Celine Dion.
The 21st Century is characterized by such artist as Micheal Buble who is a jazz and soul artist, rock band Nickleback, pop rock sing Avril Lavigne and of course teen pop star Justin Beiber.
I'm not sure what the future holds but i do know that Canadian music is here to stay and that we play an important part in culture with our unique Canadian talent.