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Anaesthesia in zoological medicine

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Matyas Liptovszky

on 8 November 2012

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Transcript of Anaesthesia in zoological medicine

Zoo animal medicine From a (Hungarian) zoo vet perspective Anaesthesia in zoological medicine What does "zoological medicine" mean? But what does zoological medicine really mean? Zoo vets... Anaesthesia in zoological medicine Difficulties "Zoological Medicine integrates veterinary medicine and the principles of ecology and conservation as applied in both natural and artificial environments." Are "specialised generalists" (by dr. Terrel) Immobilisation, capture Mátyás Liptovszky, DVM, MSc Stoskopf et al., 2001 "Special species" Exotic companion animal medicine Wildlife and conservation medicine Zoological medicine Work with many different species, few specimens
Have few possibility to "practice" manual things
Have a good general knowledge in physiology, anatomy and medicine
Are highly trained in individual decision making and team work as well
Love to work with specialists
And most have a deep interest in anaesthesiology Further difficulties Need for small volume, concentrate drugs
etorphine, carfentanyl
medetomidin 10-40 mg/ml
butorphanol 50 mg/ml large and free ranging animals Current advancements Training Technical developments 1983 2009 Special indications Non-painful procedures (physical exam, imaging, sampling, etc) Transport Surgery Wide range of species (different anatomy, size, etc) "Field" conditions Pre-anaesthetic exam, lab tests are (usually) not possible Special needs of wildlife capture
quick onset ("knock-down effect")
antagonists are important Drugs Specialised drugs available from different sources Compouding pharmacies vs. manufacturers Good range of drugs Safe combinations for most species Information (Assisted) reproduction (even in zoo settings) human toxicities are real danger Special considerations Conservation issues Northern white rhino When you have the responsibility for a whole species... Kakapo Venomous and dangerous animals (Human) safety first! including visitors, keepers, vets, etc Emergencies Animal escapes Flood, etc. Zoo Prague, 2002 blowpipe Dan-Inject JM Special 25 & Niki(ta) Non-cooperative (dangerous) patients "Mass" captures Limited time and resources Large number of animals Very useful primates, great apes marine mammals megavertebrates (of animals) Training (of people) Future Training (of animals) Could help to make our process much safer... ...and more similar to those in domestic animals Training (of people) Would further increase safety. Co-operation Research We do not really know now:
morbidity/mortality rates
main risk factors
how much trouble are we causing (eg. wildlife)
how to improve
etc But right now there is very little formal training/education in the topic. Thank you for your attention! And thanks for your mentoring in anaesthesia! "Nightmare situations"
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