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Pacific Islanders and Kanakas

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Peter Giang

on 17 April 2013

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Transcript of Pacific Islanders and Kanakas

Movement of People & Making of a Nation Pacific Islanders & Kanakas Reasons for migration Issues faced South Sea Islanders South Sea Islanders came from more than 80 islands in the Western Pacific – including the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu in Melanesia and the Loyalty Islands etc. They were recruited between the mid to late 19th Century as labour in the sugarcane fields of Queensland. Australia's Shame Dating back to 1847, some of these South Sea Islanders were kidnapped or “blackbirded" into long-term contract service. Some were brought to the country by deception and were exploited as cheap labour in the sugar cane industry and cotton fields of Queensland and northern New South Wales Map of routes taken to Australia Legend:
----- Route taken
----> Origin http://anonymousradioshow.files.wordpress.com/2009/05/map.gif How they were selected Black-birding Black-birding was referred to the stealing of young Melanesians to work in the cane fields of Australia and Fiji. Europeans in big ships with muskets and axes would seduce naive islanders on board to look at other treasures. Sometimes they were offered a pleasure cruise that never came back.
Over almost 40 years, more than 800 ships scoured the waters of the South Seas, issuing about 62,000 contracts to people labelled Kanakas. They were taken, sometimes by force and sometimes by deception and shoved into the putrid hulls of ships and carried across to work in the cane fields of Australia and Fiji. Transportation method was by ship They faced many issues such as their amount of pay. The islanders were 'contracted' for a period of three years. For working ten hours a day they were paid the wage of $9.18 per year which was equivalent to 9c per day. The pay was bad enough as some could not provide for their families, the people who were paid were considered as the lucky ones, some were paid nothing at all.
Other issues were the conditions the islanders worked in. As the worked on the fields the extreme tropical heat of Queensland. Working on the fields was no luxury matter.
Some of the people were faced with home sickness, nutritional lack and diabetes.
There were also discrimination and racist issues which occurred. Types of employment & general life stlye The Pacific Islanders were brought to Australia and worked in the sugar cane fields being the employment.
By 1880 QLD legislation prevented Pacific Islanders from working in higher paid jobs and limited them to manual agricultural labour. The life styles were difficult as there would not be a sufficient amount of money and the working conditions were tough in the heat and consequences if the conditions were broken. How food, culture, religions and traditions of migrants influenced the development of Australia Pacific Island zones The migrants did not have a great impact on the Australian society today. The migrants did not have a strong belief on certain religions and traditions therefore did not influence Australia's development. Although the migrants worked on the fields of Queensland which are now a major source of bananas and sugar canes for Australia. Bibliography: Pacific Islanders & Kanakas powerpoint Peter Giang
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