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Copy of Biotechnology
Transcript of Copy of Biotechnology
Bio (meaning biology) is the science of life and all living things.
Technology is the creation of tools in order to solve real-life problems.
Biotechnology is the use of living organisms and tools in order to solve real-world problems.
Use of living systems and organisms to develop or modify products or processes for a specific use.
Incorporates the knowledge of these sciences: biochemistry, microbiology, chemical engineering, genetics, cell and molecular biology, physiology, immunology, virology,computer science, etc.
Fuel the World
Feed the World
Heal the World
2500 - 2000 B.C. : ancient Egyptians made wine using fermentation techniques based on an understanding of the microbiological processes that occur in the absence of oxygen.
" Classical Biotechnology"- The basics for the transfer of genetic information.
"Sequence the human genome", use of natural enzymes in yogurt, use of bacteria to produce cheese.
Production of new and improved crops/foods, industrial chemicals, pharmaceuticals and livestock
Diagnostics for detecting genetic diseases
Gene therapy (e.g. ADA, CF)
Vaccine development (recombinant vaccines)
Protection of endangered species
Food processing (cheese, beer)
helps identify infections more effectively
used in gene therapy to help prevent disease
genetic engineering: modifying plants and animals to produce useful products
cleans up waste
prevents pollution such as in lakes and rivers
cloning of animals and food
What is the societal impression of biotechnology?
What are the negative impacts that biotechnology may have?
What are the potential ethical issues associated with biotechnology?
Why are biotechnology companies targeted by anti-globalisation protesters?
How can the image of biotechnology to the public be improved? Should it be improved?
What are the potential dangers of biotechnology?
Have you ever wondered?
Have you ever wanted to cross animal traits to see what the outcome would look like? What a bear and a llama would create? Have you ever wanted to see the result of combining a strawberry with a kiwi?
Chemical Biotechnology ( Biology)
Covering the fields of chemistry, biology, and physics.
Involves the application of chemical techniques, tools, analysis, and often compounds produced through synthetic chemistry, to study the manipulation of biological systems.
Deal with novel chemical compounds applied to biology.