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Representation in TV Drama revision - G322 #reigatemedia

To accompany a 1 hr revision session in preperation for Section A of the OCR AS Media Studies exam. Created by Liz Davies, Reigate College

Liz Davies

on 6 July 2012

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Transcript of Representation in TV Drama revision - G322 #reigatemedia

Revision for Section A:
Representation in TV Drama The Exam Technical elements (microelements) Areas of representation that you may be asked about in the exam 2 hrs long

First 30 mins will be the screening of a short extract from a TV drama

You will need to take notes during this time

You then have 90 minutes to answer both Section A (Rep in TV Drama) & Section B (Institutions and Audiences) So, you need to organise your time. Give yourself 45 minutes for Section A

Work out the time that you will need to finish section A and move on to Section B

Write this at the top of your paper to help you keep track of time. Representations are versions of reality, from a particular point of view.

TV drama, as with all media, offer representions of people, places and ideas - NOT reality.

Therefore it is important that we can critically analyse these representations and understand how they are constructed. This can then help us consider the significance of these constructions. Some points you could consider:
Are they positive or negative?
Do they reinforce stereotypes or challenge them with countertypes?
Do they reinforce power relations between different social groups? (e.g. who is favoured and who is marginalised?)
What view is being presented? ...and what is the significance of this? Camera Shots, Angle, Movement and Composition

Shots: establishing shot, master shot, close-up, mid-shot, long shot, wide shot, two-shot, aerial shot, point of view shot, over the shoulder shot, and variations of these.

Angle: high angle, low angle, canted angle.

Movement: pan, tilt, track, dolly, crane, steadicam, hand-held, zoom, reverse zoom.

Composition: framing, rule of thirds, depth of field – deep and shallow focus, focus pulls.


Includes transition of image and sound – continuity and non-continuity systems.

Cutting: shot/reverse shot, eyeline match, graphic match, action match, jump cut, crosscutting, parallel editing, cutaway; insert.

Other transitions, dissolve, fade-in, fade-out, wipe, superimposition, long take, short take, slow motion, ellipsis and expansion of time, post-production, visual effects.


Diegetic and non-diegetic sound; synchronous/asynchronous sound; sound effects; sound motif, sound bridge, dialogue, voiceover, mode of address/direct address, sound mixing, sound perspective.

Soundtrack: score, incidental music, themes and stings, ambient sound.


Production design: location, studio, set design, costume and make-up, properties.

Lighting; colour design. Gender




Class and status

Physical ability/disability

Regional identity http://estream.reigate.ac.uk/View.aspx?pID=29 Estream Moodle http://moodle.reigate.ac.uk/ http://estream/View.aspx?ID=4112 http://estream/View.aspx?ID=3822&cID=548&from=search Jan 2010 - Hotel Babylon Summer 2009 - Dr Who January 2009 - Monarch of the Glen Other useful places: http://www.youtube.com/user/nicktennear
(See All uploads/videos for some useful extracts for textual analysis) Resources Exam board summary: Mise en scene Setting and location



Performance and movement

Lighting Camerawork Shot type and framing





Depth of field Editing Sequence or order of shots


Shot duration

Pace and rythm


Special effects Sound Diegetic:

ambient sound
sound effects


contrapuntal sound
added music Look on Moodle for Powerpoint presentation titled Technical Aspects of Moving Image, that covers all 4 technical areas in detail as well as a summary crib sheet (as pictured here) http://www.ocr.org.uk/qualifications/type/gce/amlw/media_studies/documents/index.html
(see support materials for exemplar past papers and other useful docs) Now lets have a go at analysing this clip considering how the representation of age is constructed Facebook - reigateasmedia http://www.facebook.com/pages/Reigate-AS-Media/123738337648902?v=wall&ref=search Discuss the ways in which the extract constructs the representation of ___________ using the following:

Camera shots, angles, movement and composition
Mise en scene The question will be worded like this... Exam board website: Student revision videos
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