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Transcript of Ethical Relativism-Ch2
Cultures studied by anthropologists and sociologists
One primary moral principle for all
Is Morality a function of cultural values?
What is Ethical Relativism "ER"?
ER - no universally accepted standards
- relative to society/culture
- opposite of objectivism
Science uses objectivity
Morality seen as subjective
How Widespread/Deep is
Arrive at different conclusions
Subjectivism - never fully know things
Is there an objective value?
Subjectivism is often equated with absolutism
(no exceptions to the rule)
Problem with Relativism Assumptions -
That the dominant
view should be tolerated
Moral Realism -
based on Science & Nature
No objective Right/Wrong
Supervenient Moral Property- one moral flowing from others :
Isolating Barriers - prevent us from examining our own culture
what one society sees
are not necessarily
better than others.
Diversity of Moral views
Reasons Supporting ER
Uncertainty - skepticism: difficult to know
What would a disagreement about basic moral values prove?
Effort to provide some factual objectivity
Cultural Relativist -
values based off reflection of society
Disagreements on moral matters
not always due to having different moral values.