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Copy of Smoking

group work
by

Karena Doan

on 21 May 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Smoking

T3 - Teens Tackle Tobacco
Smoking and its effects
What is smoking?
Smoking is referred to the process involving the inhalation of the smoke of burning tobacco that is used mostly in three forms: cigarettes, pipes, and cigars. Tobacco is one of the predominant ingredients that compose a cigarette. Tobacco smoking causes higher rates of sickness and premature death than any other drug used in America.


Smoking significantly increases your risk for acquiring multiple lifestyle and other health related diseases. Each Cigarette Is Causing You Damage! Diseases caused by long-term smoking include:

• Cancer of the lung, mouth, throat, bowel and stomach.
• Diseases of the lung such as:
COPD, Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema.
• Cardiovascular Disease
-Myocardial Infarction
Cerebrovascular Accident (Stroke)
• Ulcers
• Osteoporosis and poor blood circulation. (Department of Health 2012) Diseases Caused by Smoking - Each cigarette contains over 7,000 chemicals.
- 599 additives are known to be harmful So What Is In a Cigarette? So What Is in a Cigarette? -Nicotine is the drug in tobacco which causes it's addiction.

Other harmful chemicals include:

-Carbon Monoxide
- Ammonia (Cleaning Agents)
-Arsenic (Rat poison)
and many more Epidemiology can be defined as the branch of medicine that deals with the incidence, distribution and control of diseases.

In relation to smoking, it is an addictive habit that occurs in all areas of America where cigarettes are available, throughout all age groups, and communities of all socio-economic statuses and backgrounds.

The negative effects arising from smoking are unavoidable, as every cigarette causes harmful damage to the major organs of the inhaling individual. Epidemiology Additional elements which aim to promote the importance of smoking cessation include:

- Extending smoke-free areas within public
sectors such as, pubs & clubs.

- Implementing a nationwide tobacco tax to increase the price of cigarettes with the aim of decreasing tobacco consumption. Additional Strategies Tobacco consumption is the most prominent cause
of premature death within our nation.


The process of health promotion, in context of
tobacco smoking seeks to enable and
educate individuals on messages on the effects of smoking Causes and Effects Causes of Smoking Ignorance about all the risks and disadvantages of smoking cigarettes Growing up in a tough environment Feelings of fatigue and stress Peer pressure Effects of smoking Lung cancer causes nearly 27% of deaths in smokers. Largest single cause of lung cancer is tobacco smoking on the respiratory system Reduce lung function and breathlessness

Increased risk of lung infection and symptoms Effects on circulatory system Raised blood pressure and heart rate
Increased risk of stroke and heart attack
Reduced blood flow and inefficient blood usage Effects on the immune System

The immune system doesn't work as well.
Lower levels of protective antioxidants in the blood

Effects on the musculoskeletal system

Tightening of certain muscles
Reduced bone density Other Effects? Successfully, the amount of smoking-related deaths has decreased dramatically from
- 15,511 deaths within the Year 2003
to, - 14,901 in 2005.


This link of health promotion and decreasing tobacco consumption within our society gives a bright insight highlighting that by:
- Educating individuals on the effects and usage of tobacco significantly reduces the burden that tobacco places on our society. (Department of Health 2012) (Department of Health 2012) Secondhand Smoke Secondhand Smoke (SHS) is the inhalation of a mix of sidestream and mainstream smoke.

Sidestream smoke - smoke emitted from lighted end of cigarette

Mainstream smoke - smoke exhaled from the smoker's mouth SHS is linked to:
worsening of asthma in childern
46,000 deaths related to non-smoker's heart disease
3,400 lung cancer deaths in non-smokers
pregnancy issues
infertility
increased risk of SIDS No matter the length of time you are exposed to SHS, you are still at risk. Weed/Tobacco Connection What is weed? Weed, otherwise know as marijuana is the use of the Cannabis plant as a psychoactive drug or medication. What can it do to me? Contains THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannibinal) which cause:
increased heart rate/blood pressure/breathing rate/appetite
red eyes, dry mouth
slow reaction times
time distortion
paranoia, magic thinking, anxiety, depression
short-term and long-term memory loss How are tobacco products and weed connected? blunt wraps
'gateways' What are blunt wraps? What is a 'gateway'? 'Gateway'/'gateway drug' - a drug/substance which opens the door to the use of other drugs/substances Electronic Cigarettes( E- Cigarettes) What is an electronic cigarette? - E-cigarettes, are devices that emit doses of vaporized nicotine that are inhaled.
- There may be similarities between conventional and some electronic cigarettes in the physical design and the nicotine release, which gives off the same amount of nicotine as a conventional cigarette.
- The benefits and risks of electronic cigarette use are a subject of uncertainty among health organizations, researchers and government. Anatomy of E- Cigarette E-cigarettes, which are inhalers, use a small battery to heat a dose of liquid nicotine into mist. Health Concerns
-e-cigarettes may give nicotine addicts more or less the same amount of nicotine as a conventional cigarette,


-Get extremely addicted to it quickly- since there still is nicotine

-Much uncertainty about the health affects due to lack of research Smokeless Tobacco & Hookah What is smokeless tobacco? Smokeless tobacco is a product containing tobacco or a tobacco blend which is chewed, inhaled, or sucked.

This product comes in three forms:
Snuff
Chew
Snus Effects Chew: loose tobacco leaves store between gums and cheek and is spit
Snuff: grounded/shredded leaves can be placed in mouth or snorted
Snus: comes in pouch, no spitting Effects/Causes:
oral cancers
leukoplakia
heart disease
tooth/gum disease Hookah: vaporized smoke (shisha) passed through a water basin before inhalation.
Originally used in middle eastern traditions Vapor is cooler, allowing individuals to inhale much more smoke then they would while smoking a cigarette, causing more damage. Causes/Effects:
Coal is used for burning of the tobacco, omitted more carbon monoxide.
Smoking hookah is done for longer periods of time, allowing more chemicals into your body.
There is a high risk of oral cancers associated with hookah.
Many infectious diseases are shared during smoking sessions.
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