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Copy of Copy of Rizal's Concept On Nation Building

Mercy Lou H. Yecla, Hazel Ann Martinez and Hazel Mae Buendia

Renz Eugenio

on 19 August 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Copy of Rizal's Concept On Nation Building

Rizal's Concept
on Nation
First novel, Noli Me Tangere (1884) :
The purpose of the novel was very simply to raise political consciousness in relation to the current state of affairs in the Philippines.
disseminate information about their country through journalism and public debate
success was relatively limited
Reasons of making the novel
Rizal realized that what he needed to do was to shock a European, or at least a Spanish audience, into paying closer attention to the abuses that were being perpetrated with the collusion of the colonial government, and it was from this realization that there arose the decision to write a political novel which would be controversial and compel the state to act.
El Filibusterismo
a sequel to the Noli, published in 1891.
The intention of the novel was to draw attention to the calamitous state of affairs in the country, but the tone of this novel is considerably bleaker than the first.
Rizal appears to have despaired of the efficacy of political opposition and exchanged the role of critic for one of prophet.
Rizal's advocacy of institutional reforms by peaceful means rather than by violent revolution makes him Asia's first modern non-violent proponent of political reforms.
He recognized the importance of education in the development of a nation and its people.
ambitioned to make education accessible to all
Showed his support to the group of women in Malolos when their petition of establishing a school was denied by Gen. Weyler.
He recognized the importance of industrial education
Included this concept in the five purposes of the La Liga Filipina which he founded, the development of instruction, agriculture and commerce.
opened a school for young boys in the community
He saw to it that learning should be adaptable to the needs or actual life of the people.
“Ang mga kabataan ang pag-asa ng bayan”.
Rizal's Blueprint for nationbuilding
Rizal's Program of Action
pride and dignity
National consciousness
Willingness to sacrifice
– At British Museum, Rizal had pieced together the past history of the Philippines which revealed that even before the coming of the Spaniards; the Filipinos already had a developed culture.
Circulo Hispano-Filipino
– Rizal annotate because of its objective presentation of life in the Philippines at the time of the arrival of the Spaniards.
(cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr
Rizal's Blueprint for Nationbuilding

Re-orientation of values and attitudes
– a Filipino student organization in Madrid
Morga’s Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas

“It is necessary to first lay bare the past in order to better judge the present and to survey the road trodden during three Centuries.”

“We can proceed to study the future.”
Excerpts from Rizal dedicatory:
Were the people united and educated enough to assume their perspective roles during the war?
Were there enough dedicated and highly trained leaders among them?
Could the collective strength of the country insure a good chance of victory?
Were the soldiers trained leaders among them?
How effective were their means of communication?
(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
Rizal proposed question to consider before girding for battle:
– came out as a series of 5 articles in La Solidaridad from 15 July to 15 September 1899.
- (Philippines League)
Rizal’s major plan of Organization
(cc) photo by medhead on Flickr
La Liga Filipina
The Indolence of the Filipinos
3 Basic Factors of Production
– will remain idle without labor
 - Primary factor of production
– must be aided by capital to insure profitable production
- Necessary for the effective exploitation of the rich natural resources of the country
– necessary for the successful operation of any business venture


-Enlighten through education was not enough to improve the country’s right.

-Philippines were experiencing the kindling of an economic awakening and material property.

-The economic development of the Philippines would largely depend on
(cc) photo by medhead on Flickr
Socio-economic Reforms
19th century
Agricultural Improvement
– a place along coast of Dapitan where Rizal attempted to establish a colony.
– another place where Rizal also attempted to established a colony
- Rizal believed that given encouragement and sufficient incentives, the Filipinos would work efficiently
Incentives Proposed by Rizal
Proving mutual protection for Filipino farmers and traders
Encouraging the use of local materials and the use of machineries
Dignifying labor and giving laborers their rightful share in the fruits of production
Minimizing red tape in the government and enacting just laws
Encouraging reasonable taxes
Securing foreign and domestic peace, work and homes
Educating the people to become skilled farmers
-He suggested to his brother-in-law Hidalgo to buy a pukutan and to recruit fisherman in Kalamba to be sent to Dapitan in order to teach the people better methods of fishing.
-Rizal entered into a partnership with a Spaniard to provide Dapitan with fish. He felt that fishing methods in Dapitan were old-fashioned.
-While in Dapitan he was a merchant, a farmer, a fisherman, and a brick manufacturer

- Rizal was not a writer of moral treatises, neither was he a moral philosopher, but he had the creative ability to guide society and the people in matters of right conduct.
Moral Principles and Teachings
Faithfulness to one’s work
Virtues Admires by Rizal

Xygge Macadamia
Kathleen Leviste
Al Lim
Janina Miranda
Kyle Ley
Presented by:
The End
Mercy Lou H. Yecla
Hazel Mae Buendia
Hazel Ann Martinez
Submitted to :
Prof. Gregy Jone Galgo
Submitted by:
Full transcript