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Prologue (Myers 10th ed)
Transcript of Prologue (Myers 10th ed)
Story of Psychology
Two Early Views of Psychology
A little more about William James...
Father of Psychology
Birth of Modern Psychology
The mind is a blank slate (blank chalkboard or screen) “written on” by experience.
All knowledge comes through the senses.
Charles Darwin: Some traits, behaviors, and instincts are part of the nature of the species.
Descartes: Some ideas are innate.
Plato: Ideas such as “the good” and “beauty” are inborn.
We share a common origin that gives us an inborn human nature in common.
We have differences that are shaped by our environment
thoughts, emotions, moods, choices, behaviors, traits, motivations, knowledge, perceptions
Environment: social Influences, culture, education, relationships
” levels of analysis.
Different perspectives on a single issue: Six Blind Men and an Elephant
4th century BCE
Thinking about thinking.
First research laboratory
Psychology as science
carefully measured observations
Student of Wundt
Experiments using Introspection of senses
goal: build an understanding of the mind's structure
studied the function of consciousness
teaches Mary Whiton Calkins
denied Harvard degree
becomes first female APA president
Author of first psychology textbook
Avoided creating theoretical system or school of therapy
Problem with mind-body dilemma
mind can be explained through mental processes
Nature of the Mind
Stream of Consciousness
consciousness is a continuum
not a series of distinct thoughts linked
"river" of consciousness
conscious vs. unconscious
focused on conscious
The Empirical Self
experienced by everyone
personal identity from stream of consciousness
can be studied
The Power of Will
conscious process that directs voluntary movements
choosing what to ignore vs attend
instantaneous vs long deliberation
most revolutionary idea
emotion doesn't cause bodily symptoms
unconscious thought & childhood experiences shape behavior
Effect of current environment
growth potential, love, acceptance
functioning of behavior
study of observable behavior
The Field of Psychology Develops
"The science of mental life"
B. F. Skinner
John B. Watson
studied how consequences shape behavior
championed the behaviorist movement
"The science of behavior
and mental processes"
"The science of observable behavior"
neuro-transmitters, survival, reflexes, sensation
Inner thoughts & emotions
Intelligence & Personality
(And how we try to answer it)
Sub-fields of Psychology
The Field of
biological to social
laboratory to clinic to classroom to business
"A hub scientific discipline"
interest in mental processes