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Classrooms: Goals, Structures, and Student Motivation

Prezi about the Carole Ames article about student motivation

Katrina Lowrey

on 10 February 2011

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Transcript of Classrooms: Goals, Structures, and Student Motivation

Classrooms: Goals Structures, and Student Motivation Article by Carole Ames #7
The first part of the article examines two contrasting achievement goal constructs.
Mastery Goals vs. Performance Goals. #17
Mastery Goals #10
Performance Goals #18
With mastery goals the focus of attention is on the intrinsic value of learning "Motivation to learn" #21
Mastery goals promote the ideas that:
Effort leads to success
Failure can be remedied by a change in strategy #20
With a mastery goal, students are focused on:
Understanding content
Developing new stills
Engaging in the process of learning
Improving their level of competence "Effort not ability" #11
Learning is viewed only as a way to achieve a desired goal. #13
Associated with avoidance of challenging tasks. #12
Superficial short-term learning strategies like memorization. #14
Children's self- evaluations of their ability are more negative when they are focused on winning, out- performing another, than when they are focused on trying hard, improving their performance, or just participating #15
Performance goals use incentives but there is research demonstrates that rewards can have undermining effects. #23
Classroom structures & Instructional strategies that support a mastery goal Task Authority Evaluation/Recognition #4
She is professor of educational psychology and dean of the College of Education at Michigan State University. #5
Her research focuses on:
The effects of classroom structure, competition, and teaching practices on children's motivation to learn
School and family relationships
Specific strategies for increasing parental involvement in children's learning. Who is Carole Ames? #3 #8 #16 #19 #24
Focus on the meaningful aspects of learning activities
Design tasks for novelty, variety, diversity, and student interest
Design tasks that offer reasonable challenge to students
Help students establish short-term, self-referenced goals
Support development and use of effective learning strategies #25
Focus on helping students participate in the decision making
Provide "real" choices where decisions are based on effort, not ability evaluations
Give opportunities to develop responsibility and independence
Support development and use of self- management and monitoring skills #26
Evaluation/ Recognition
Focus on individual improvement, progress, and mastery
Make evaluation private, not public
Recognize students' effort
Provide opportunities for improvement
Encourage view of mistakes as part of learning #2 #22 #27 #6
Based on the article, which goal structure do you suspect Ames uses?

A. Performance achievement goal structure

B. Mastery achievement goal structure

C. High achievement goal structure

D. No achievement goal structure #9
Class rankings and valedictorians are examples of:

A. Performance Goal Structure

B. Mastery Goal Structure

C. Achievement goal structure #28
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