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Indigenous Religions

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by

Rod Williams

on 4 June 2018

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Transcript of Indigenous Religions

Sacred Practices
Native or Indigenous Religions
Found worldwide
Some pre-date today's major religions
Developed largely through oral traditions
Developed primarily in isolation
Vast variety
Modern Recovery of the Indigenous
Largely overlooked until early 20th c.
Focus on written texts
Lack of artifacts; difficult to reach
Incorrect assumptions of "simplicity"
Growth of Anthropology as science
Holistic
nature of indigenous groups
Ecology; arts; linguistics; technology
Patterns Among the Indigenous
Relationships
humans; nature;
animism
Time and Space
"Ordinary" & "Sacred"
Respect for:
Origins- creation stories
Gods- diverse
Ancestors
Artifacts & Artistic Expression
Life-Cycle Ceremonies
Taboo
Sacrifice
Shamanism, Trance, Spiritual Powers
Artifacts/Art
Life-Cycle
Birth
Naming
Coming of age
Marriage
Death
Functional objects and artistic ritual
Masks, drums, statues, rattles, etc.
Dance and drumming are important
Totem poles in the Pacific Northwest
Tattooing
Significance of masks in tribal worship
Symbolism (tree of life, sun, moon, fire, etc.
Indigenous Religions Today
Their role in the 21st century
Many native religions and indigenous groups faced a shrinking existence, but show some resurgence today.
Many governments now protect habitats and environment
Challenges
Encroachment of civilization
Influence of modern technologies
Loss of traditional languages
Migration of youth
Conversion to other religions
Integration of other practices (syncretism)
Shamanism
Trances and spiritual powers
A
shaman
is an intermediary between the visible, ordinary world and the spirit world. This person may blend the roles as priest, oracle, psychologist, and doctor in some cultures. They have also been named "medicine man."
Enter into trance like states; help from natural drugs
The
calumet
is a ritual pipe used in ceremonies
Some African and Caribbean offshoots call on powerful spirits
This magic can be good or evil
Divination
is practiced; look into past or future
Rainmakers
Indigenous Religions
Mt. Kilimanjaro
- Tanzania
Believed by Masai tribes to be home of god
Taboo & Sacrifice
Taboo
Rules forbidding certain behaviors
Brings order to society
Sacrifice
Atonement
Food or drink (
libation
)
Animal
Human
Full transcript