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Transcript of Indigenous Religions
Native or Indigenous Religions
Some pre-date today's major religions
Developed largely through oral traditions
Developed primarily in isolation
Modern Recovery of the Indigenous
Largely overlooked until early 20th c.
Focus on written texts
Lack of artifacts; difficult to reach
Incorrect assumptions of "simplicity"
Growth of Anthropology as science
nature of indigenous groups
Ecology; arts; linguistics; technology
Patterns Among the Indigenous
Time and Space
"Ordinary" & "Sacred"
Origins- creation stories
Artifacts & Artistic Expression
Shamanism, Trance, Spiritual Powers
Coming of age
Functional objects and artistic ritual
Masks, drums, statues, rattles, etc.
Dance and drumming are important
Totem poles in the Pacific Northwest
Significance of masks in tribal worship
Symbolism (tree of life, sun, moon, fire, etc.
Indigenous Religions Today
Their role in the 21st century
Many native religions and indigenous groups faced a shrinking existence, but show some resurgence today.
Many governments now protect habitats and environment
Encroachment of civilization
Influence of modern technologies
Loss of traditional languages
Migration of youth
Conversion to other religions
Integration of other practices (syncretism)
Trances and spiritual powers
is an intermediary between the visible, ordinary world and the spirit world. This person may blend the roles as priest, oracle, psychologist, and doctor in some cultures. They have also been named "medicine man."
Enter into trance like states; help from natural drugs
is a ritual pipe used in ceremonies
Some African and Caribbean offshoots call on powerful spirits
This magic can be good or evil
is practiced; look into past or future
Believed by Masai tribes to be home of god
Taboo & Sacrifice
Rules forbidding certain behaviors
Brings order to society
Food or drink (