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October 14,1973 Uprising in Thailand
Transcript of October 14,1973 Uprising in Thailand
Modern Nation State since the founding of the Chakri Dynasty and the establishment of Bangkok as its capital in 1782
1932: a revolution absolved the absolute rule of the monarchy and established a constitutional monarchy
Prime Minister: head of a parliamentary government
Thai king: head of state
Current king, Bhumibol Adulyadej
reign since 1946: the world's longest-serving current head of state and the longest-reigning monarch in Thai history Background of Thai Government Between October 6th-15th The Event: 1973 Uprising Resulted in the end of military dictator ship and changed the Thai political system
Most known for the growth of Thai university students participating in politics October 14, 1973 Uprising Contentious affair
Politically active and place high value on the concept of democracy
Thai government: a coalition of political parties headed by a Prime Minister.
Experienced numerous coup d’etats (17)
most recent coup d’etat in 2006
resulted with a bloodless overthrow of Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawattra Thai Politics Today Biography Family Thammasat University Move to United States at 22 Background Information of Thammasat University Highly involved in Thai national politics Officially established to be the national university of Thailand on 27 June 1934
Prime Ministers, leading politicians and government figures, Bank of Thailand governors, Supreme Court presidents, judicial officers, city’s governors Second oldest institute of higher education
the site of the October 14, 1973 uprising and October 6, 1976 Massacre Alumni Original campus at Tha Phra Chan Father: the Second in Command in the Central Police Headquarters
older sister and brother Father: 2nd Graduation Class
3 and half years: Graduated from Thammasat University with Law Degree St. Joseph Convent School University of Reno: met my father
before I was born, obtained Master of Economics
4 years later: received Masters of Education Overview Causes increase in student activism b/c number of universities increased
government more tolerant with student and intellectual expression National Student Center of Thailand (NSCT) NSCT Role campaign to boycott Japanese goods
government's National Executive Council Decree No. 299
several university students from Ramkhamhaeng University expelled for publishing satire on the ruling government October 6th: 11political activists arrested for distributing leaflets in well-known places in Bangkok urging support for an early drafting of the constitution
October 7th: a political activist was arrested and accused of being a member of a group advocating early promulgation of a permanent constitution
October 8th: 12 political activists were denied bail and accused of being linked to a plot to overthrow the government
October 9th: more than 2,000 students from Thammasat University held an anti-government rally and held an all-night vigil
October 10th: government agreed to meet with the students who demanded the release of the prisoners, but their request was denied October 11th: Rally relocated to Thammasat University in order to accommodate the 50,000 protestors
October 12th: the government announced that would release the prisoners on bail
the students rejected this offer and would only accept it based on terms of unconditional release of the prisoner
October 13th: the crowd increased to 400,000 protestors who marched to the Democracy Monument demanding the release of the prisoners
government agreed to these terms and promised a permanent constitution which would be effective by October 1974
200,000 students refused to disband and marched to the palace to meet with the King October 14th: students reached the palace and met the King’s representative, who said the King wanted the students to disband.
Violence erupts: bombings, tanks, helicopters, buildings being burnt
More than 100 students killed
October 15th: violence continued around police headquarters until it was announced that Thanom had fled the county