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CULTURAL GEOGRAPHY OF THE US AND CANADA

WORLD GEOGRAPHY CH 8 and 9
by

Brad Hayes

on 20 April 2015

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Transcript of CULTURAL GEOGRAPHY OF THE US AND CANADA

Today, there are about 300 million people in the U.S. and 35 million in Canada
About 5% of the World Population
SOME MAJOR CITIES
UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT
CHAPTER 8-2and 9-2
THE HISTORY OF THE U.S. AND CANADA
CHAPTER 8 and 9
The Cultural Geography of the United States and Canada
HUMAN CHARACTERISTICS
Both the U.S. and Canada are countries of immigrants.
EUROPEAN COLONIZATION
UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT
The Legislative Branch is made up of CONGRESS.
Congress is divided into the House of Representatives (435 members) and the Senate (100 members)
CANADA’S GOVERNMENT
Canada has a Parliamentary Republic
Basically the same as the U.S. except the provinces don’t have much power.


Canada also has 3 branches:
Legislative-Parliament is made of the House of Commons and the Senate
Executive-made up of the Prime minister and his cabinet
Judicial-made up of the Supreme Court and other federal courts
POPULATION DISTRIBUTION AND DENSITY
POPULATION AREAS
The U.S. has some of the worlds largest cities
New York City, Los Angeles, and Chicago
There are 50-60 major cities in the U.S. (more than 500,000 people
URBANIZATION
Suburbs
are the outlying towns around a central city
Suwanee is a suburb of Atlanta
MEGALOPOLIS
MOVEMENT
People First came to North America by crossing a land bridge over the Bering Strait
This occurred more than 25,000 years ago
By 10,000 years ago, people had spread all over this continent
EARLY AMERICANS
Each set of Native Americans adapted to the environment in which they lived. FOR EXAMPLE:
EUROPEAN COLONIZATION
Europeans started to settle in the 1500’s
Most came from Spain, France and England
By the 1700’s Europeans controlled most of North America
English colonists came escaping religious persecution
French colonists came mostly for the fur trade
Spanish colonists came for GOD, GOLD, GLORY
FORMING 2 NATIONS
During the 1770’s part of the British colonies revolted against the British.
This was the American Revolution
The Americans formed their own REPUBLIC
FORMING 2 NATIONS
1800’s the U.S. --
Industrial Revolution
This was the start of the use of machinery
THE U.S.GOVERNMENT
The United States Government is a Republic or a Representative Democracy
The CONSTITUTION is our written rules of government and was written in 1787.
ISSUES AND CHALLENGES
Major Geographic Problems in the United States:
Growth and development
We consume more energy than any country
Pollution is a major issue because of this
ISSUES AND CHALLENGES
MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC PROBLEMS OF CANADA
Cultural Domination by the U.S.
Most people live near the U.S.
Most people speak English
IMPORTANT DATES:

1588-St. Augustine Fl.
1607-Jamestown, Va.
1620-Plymouth, Ma.
IMPORTANT DATES:

1775- REVOLUTIONARY WAR BEGINS AT LEXINGTON
1776-DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
1781-BRITISH SURRENDER, WE WIN!!!
1789-GEORGE WASHINGTON ELECTED PRESIDENT
The original inhabitants of both countries are no longer a major culture group
Many immigrants from Europe, Asia, Africa, and Latin America are in both countries.
Both countries have about a 1% growth rate
Population Density
U.S. 74 people per square mile
Canada 8 people per square mile
Some Metropolitan areas have gotten so large, they are beginning to grow together
This is called a
Megalopolis
.
BoshWash is a Megalopolis in the NE United States which consists of Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington D.C.
A
Metropolitan Area
is a city and all of its suburbs
The Inuit of Alaska didn’t farm but were good hunters
Native Americans in the southwest didn’t have wood, so they build houses into the clay cliffs
Canada still had a large French population, so the British divided it into Lower Canada (more French) and Upper Canada (more English)
Upper and Lower Canada joined in 1841
The result was that the United States was formed as a new country, and Canada remained a British colony.
The western states and territories prospered b/c they had raw materials
The midwestern states prospered b/.c of new farm equipment
In 1867, the U.S. bought Alaska and Canada became its own independent country
The Eastern states were where most factories were built
The southern states prospered by growing cotton for the factories.
Southern states and Northern States fought the
CIVIL WAR
over the issue of slavery and other issues (1861-1865)
There are 3 branches of our government
Legislative (Law Making)
Executive (Make sure laws are carried out)
Judicial (Judgment of laws)
AMENDMENTS are additions to the Constitution since 1787. There are 27 of them.
The U.S. has a FEDERAL government. This means that anything the national government doesn’t rule on, the states can rule on individually.
The Judicial Branch is made of the SUPREME COURT (9 justices) and many federal courts
The Executive Branch is made up of the PRESIDENT and many agencies
THE PRESIDENTS CLOSEST ADVISORS ARE CALLED HIS CABINET
Reliance on Global Trade
Trade Deficits
NAFTA
Gentrification
in cities
Fertilizers
The Mississippi River carries fertilizers
Midwest down to the Gulf Of Mexico
This has led to killing of animal life in the Gulf of Mexico
Separatism
Many people in Quebec are of French Descent and speak only French
They would like to separate from Canada
This has been a growing problem for 40 years
Quebec even has a different set of laws
All Signs in Quebec must be written in French First
Most people in Canada live near the Great Lakes.
Canadas major cities include Ottawa (capital), Toronto, Quebec, Montreal, and Vancouver
Since the 1970’s the southern states (The Sunbelt) have become the fastest growing. (CLIMATE, ECONOMY)
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