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Fan Fiction Tropes as Literary and Cultural Practice
Transcript of Fan Fiction Tropes as Literary and Cultural Practice
Kristina Busse 29.September 2016 #Reading @ Göttingen
Xena: Warrior Princess Groundhog Day
Blood Ties The X-Files
Stargate SG-1 Daybreak
Charmed Tru Calling
Lois and Clark Andromeda
Buffy the Vampire Slayer Early Edition
Star Trek: The Next Generation
Genius is the introduction of a new element into the intellectual universe: or, if that be not allowed, it is the application of powers to objects on which they had not before been exercised, or the employment of them in such a manner as to produce effects hitherto unknown.
William Wordsworth, Supplement to Preface of Lyrical Ballads (1815)
[T]he genial was bound up with the concept of originality: thus the concept
. As is well known, prior to the age of genius the idea of originality bore no authority.
Theodor W Adorno, Aesthetic Theory
[Originality is] enmeshed in historical injustices, in the predominance of bourgeois commodities that must touch up the ever-same as the ever-new in order to win customers.
Theodor W. Adorno, Aesthetic Theory
efficient way in which interpretive communities share interpretations that
guide readings of the fan works
influence interpretations of the source texts
generate new fiction in their wake
Pride and Prejudice and Zombies
legal, commercial, aesthetic ideas of ownership
Myth of the Author
Art as Commodity
Was aber schlechterdings nie jemand sich zueignen kann, weil dies physisch unmöglich bleibt, ist die Form dieser Gedanken, die Ideenverbindung in der, und die Zeichen, mit denen sie vorgetragen werden.
Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Beweis der Unrecht-mäßigkeit des Büchernachdrucks (1793)
rperliches u. geistiges Eigentum
In order to theoretically justify the ownership of his literary creations, this new concept of the Author made him the sole creator and owner of the words in his book and established the law of author's rights as a natural law.
[T]he novel would seem to lack the earmarks of literary ‘art.’ The product of idle hours, it is intended not for sale to a reading public but strictly for domestic use.
Martha Woodmansee, The Author, Art, and the Market (1994)
words meaningful and recognizable
genre expectations (fulfilled and subverted)
repeated viewing of source text
repeated engagement creating fan works
viewing & reading fan creations
[W]e like writing fiction within a set of peculiar constraints and sharing it with like-minded friends. Sonnets have to be written within fourteen lines and using one of a small set of defined rhyme schemes. Fanfic has to be written using a preset list of characters and situations. Ready, set, go!
Lexark (Elyza Lex/Alicia Clark)
Queer the Walking Dead
Clarke Griffin (Eliza Taylor)
Lexa (Alycia Debnam-Carey)
Fear the Walking Dead
Alicia Clark (Alycia Debnam-Carey)
* authorship and originality
* repetition and tropes
* collectively created texts
* tagging as shared practice
Wir können an einem Buche zweierlei unterscheiden: das körperliche desselben, das bedruckte Papier; und sein geistiges. Das Eigenthum des erstern geht durch den Verkauf des Buchs unwidersprechlich auf den Käufer über.