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The Chemistry of Chocolate

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by

Laura Ofiara

on 3 June 2014

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Transcript of The Chemistry of Chocolate

Chocolate
Chocolate contains many different compounds, making chocolate act as a:
Stimulant
Depressant
Anti-depressant
Hallucinogen
Phenylethylamine
Organic compound and natural monoamine alkaloid.
Hallucinogen and anti-depressant.
"Love Drug"
Raises glucose levels and blood pressure
The Chemistry of Chocolate
Caffeine compound
Caffeine is an alkaloid.
Belongs to the methylxanthine group.
1,3,7-trimethylxanthine.
By: Laura Ofiara
Caffeine
Caffeine is naturally found in cocoa beans.
Caffeine produces a physiological effect on the central nervous system.
Caffeine also acts on dopamine and adenosine receptors in the brain, releasing pleasure-producing chemicals.

Theobromine compound
Dogs lack the enzyme (cytochrome P450).
Metabolize theobromine at a slower rate.
Theobromine and Dogs
It acts as caffeine, but on a smaller scale.
Similar to caffeine by:
Naturally occurring in cocoa beans
Increasing heart rate
Increasing urine output
It also decreases blood pressure.
Like caffeine, theobromine is also an alkaloid.
Belongs to the methylxanthine group as well.
3,7-dimethylxanthine.
Studies have shown that chocolate acts as both a depressant and an anti-depressant.
Anandamide
Tryptophan
Those who ate the most chocolate were the most depressed.
11.8 servings a month
Anandamide produces a short "high," which can be followed by a more depressed mood.
Obesity
Depressant
Anti-depressant
Acts as self-medication due to a "high" feeling produced by anandamide.
Chocolate contains tryptophan, an amino acid that boosts the levels of serotonin in the brain.
Dark chocolate
theobromine
chocolate and depression
Researchers fed Escherichia coli bacteria caramel and nougat waste left over from chocolate.
Sugar to Organic Acids
Formic Acid (carboxylic acid) to Hydrogen gas.
The hydrogen gas was used to power a fuel cell, which produced enough electricity to power a small fan.
chocolate and renewable energy
Improves cardiovascular health
Microbes in the gut break down polyphenolic polymers into small molecules that are anti-inflammatory.
Lowers blood pressure
Increases blood flow
High in minerals and vitamins
Contains many antioxidants
Period 3
Formic Acid
Works cited
http://science.howstuffworks.com/life/chocolate-high1.htm

http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/to-your-health/wp/2014/04/07/why-chocolate-really-is-the-secret-to-happiness-2/

http://www.rsc.org/chemistryworld/podcast/CIIEcompounds/transcripts/theobromine.asp

http://www.wired.com/2013/02/the-poisonous-nature-of-chocolate/

http://www.thehersheycompany.com/nutrition-and-wellbeing/what-we-believe/our-ingredients/ingredient-topics/caffeine-theobromine.aspx
http://curtrosengren.typepad.com/alternative_energy/2006/08/renewable_energ.html

http://www.cnn.com/2010/HEALTH/04/26/chocolate.depression/

http://chemistry.about.com/od/factsstructures/a/theobromine-chemistry.htm

http://www.latimes.com/science/sciencenow/la-sci-sn-secret-to-dark-chocolates-health-benefits-20140318-story.html
Full transcript