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Copy of Cambodian Genocide

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Tavril Saint Jean

on 15 April 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Cambodian Genocide

The How Did it Start? In 1970 Prince Sihanouk was deposed in a military coup. The leader of the new right-wing government was Lon Nol, who was made president of the Khmer Republic. Prince Shanouk and his followers joined forces with a communist guerrilla organization named Khmer Rouge ruled by a leader named Pol Pot. They attacked Lon Nol's army and civil war began. In 1954, the French were defeated which caused Vietnam to be separated into two: communist North Vietnam and pro-Western South Vietnam; another war immediately broke out. Cambodia was also caught
up in another country's war.
Cambodia's neighbor, Vietnam,
had also fought the French for
independence. In 1975, Lon Nol was defeated
by the Khmer Rouge. Cambodia managed to stay neutral between the two sides. However, the US managed to move into Cambodia to continue the war with North Vietnam. Since this incident Cambodia had become part of the Vietnam battlefield. What Were Their Goals and Why Did They Follow Through? Their goals were to create a new Cambodia based on self-sufficiency through an agrarian society. The Khmer Rouge killed millions of Cambodians
in an effort to establish a communist regime
where all are equal and have no rights so that
they wouldn't have any social classes. They strived for a community without books, money, schools, hospitals,or religion (Cambodian Communities out of Crisis). They wanted to transform the population into a labor workforce that would strengthen the country’s economy. The Khmer Rouge desired a new Cambodia,
their four-year plan intended to eradicate the economic, social, and cultural establishments
of the “old” Cambodia. Once the Khmer Rouge had gained power, and stabilized their four-year plan, they set in on
their goal/prize possession: the capital city of Phnom Penh. On April 1, 1975, President Lon Nol stepped down from his presidency in fear of his life. What Happened to the People and Phnom Penh? Anyone in opposition and people who were assumed to be educated, civil servants, police, and military officers were killed with the un-communist aspects of traditional Cambodian society. These people were seen as a threat to the Khmer Rouge and their goals. Regardless of their physical condition the ill, disabled, and the very young were driven out as well as the people who refused to leave, those who didn't leave fast enough, and those who wouldn't obey orders. All political and civil rights were abolished. Cambodians worked at a labor workforce where they grew rice until they died. Cambodians were killed for not working hard enough, stealing food (because they were not allowed to eat the food they grew), wearing jewelry, having sexual relations, or expressing emotions or grief. Also targeted were minority groups, victims of the Khmer's Rouge's racism. These included ethnic Chinese, Vietnamese, Thai, and Cambodians or anyone with these ancestry. The Cambodia Holocaust is the largest mass genocide ever recorded in the history of Asia. An estimated number of 1.2 to three million Cambodians, Vietnamese, Laotian, Thai, Indian, Pakistani, British, United States, New Zealand, and Australian people were either executed, starved, or worked to death. What were the effects of the genocide? The effects of the genocide were OUTRAGEOUS! The Khmer Rouge believed that all remnants of the culture prior to their overtaking of the government should be removed. Huge losses of citizens,
(almost one-fourth of the
country's population died!) Extreme malnutrition and poverty. An unstable government and a very poor education system. Community, family, and religion were banished, replacing them all with communism. They tortured anyone who worked for the old government, everyone who had a good education, and anyone who wore glasses (which apparently showed a sign of intelligence). He also killed any people who lived in cities, all religious leaders, and everyone who had mental or physical disabilities, in order to create an ideal Cambodia. How and Why Did They Get Away With the Worst Genocide in Asian History?

The Khmer Rouge got away with the murder of 1.2
to three million people between the years of 1975-1978. Although the director of the S-21 was in prison and six other Khmer Rouge leaders faced trial in 2007 at the U.N. Khmer Rouge Genocide Tribunal; the Khmer Rouge can never be punished enough for their destruction of the culture, society, economy, and the corruption of the mindset of the “old Cambodia.” The Khmer Rouge placed a sense of distrust and hatred in Cambodians hearts that no jail time
can take away. No matter what happened at the trial, the victims of the genocide will never come back to life and true justice can never be served. Because of this, the Khmer Rouge got away with murder. The Khmer Rogue also got away with the genocide through lies and deceit. He fooled the global community by feeding them lies such as we have "enough rice to feed our people" when numerous amounts of people were dying every day because of starvation. Pol Pot eradicated all sources of education as well as killing all educated people and educators. What is sad is that the International community believed these
lies, while millions of people were dying. The Khmer Rouge has gotten away with murder for twenty-seven years because the global community has failed to put pressure on Cambodia to bring the murderers to a trial. End of the Genocide On December 25, 1978, the Vietnamese invaded Cambodia, and the Khmer Rouge fled to the northwestern jungles of the country. Cambodians were now free, famine and starvation continued to haunt the land. It was not until the signing of the Paris Peace Agreement in 1991 that other nations began to do business and invest in Cambodia. On January 7, 1979, Phnom Penh fell and Pol Pot was
deposed. The Vietnamese then installed a puppet government consisting of Khmer Rouge defectors. Pol Pot retreated into Thailand with the remnants of his Khmer Rouge army and began a guerrilla war against a succession of Cambodian governments lasting over the next 17 years. After a series of
internal power struggles in the 1990s, he finally lost control of the Khmer Rouge. In April 1998, 73-year-old Pol Pot died of an
apparent heart attack following his arrest, before
he could be brought to trial by an international
tribunal for the events of 1975-79. Lon Nol Many of the 1.2 to 3 million people killed during the genocide. Prince Sihanouk
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