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French Revolution: Reign of Terror
Transcript of French Revolution: Reign of Terror
Kyle Aitken What You Should Know... What Was The Reign Of Terror? A ten month period during the French Revolution in which nearly people were murdered via guillotine! This is often thought to have been sparked by the uprising of the Jacobin Club or simply, the Jacobins. 17,000 What was the Jacobin Club? The leading political group in the French Revolution
A far-left political group led by Robespierre Who was Robespierre? (May 6, 1758 - July 28, 1794)
Commonly know as the leader of the Jacobins
Notorious for utilizing the guillotine Another "famous" member of the Jacobins was... Georges Danton (October 26, 1759 - April 5, 1974) A leading figure in the Reign of Terror, that also supported the Jacobin Club. The Terror's Victims After the Terror An Outbreak of Civil War Death by Guillotine Accusations and Trials
- After a person was convicted or their “crime”, they were sentenced to death.
- The most common method for this was the guillotine.
- The guillotine was quick and efficient, killing quickly rather than a slow, torturous death. (An executioner could kill one person per minute.)
- These executions were a public event.
- The criminals rode in a cart and crowds gathered along the streets cheering or making fun of them.
- The executions were common to the point where the citizens of Paris complained that the blood was overflowing the cities drainage ditches.
- In Paris, the leaders of the revolution wanted to rid France of any resistance to the government.
- Robespierre suggested that they use force and terror in order to accomplish this.
- They used the Revolutionary Tribunal to carry the terror and eliminate the groups against the government.
- The Revolutionary Tribunal targeted anyone who criticized the new government or supported the old practices.
- These people were all in danger of being put on trial and eventually killed via the guillotine.
- The trials were cruel and unfair with the “criminals” forbidden to defend themselves. - In France, many people were unhappy about how the revolutionary leaders were running the country.
- After the Jacobins took power, the peasants in the countryside went back to their original conservative views.
- They remained Catholic and hated the new rulers of France saying:
- “They have killed our king; chased away our priests; sold the goods of our church; eaten everything we have and now they want to take our bodies . . . no, they shall not have them.”
- One particular region of France called the Vendee, was very resistant toward the Jacobins.
- They formed an army against the government called the Catholic Royal army.
- The government eventually won and regained power in that region.