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Distance Education and Educational Movements
Transcript of Distance Education and Educational Movements
"The world's first distance learning course is established in Boston, with lessons sent by mail (Straiterline, n.d.)
Isaac Pitman, considered the father of distance learning, teaches a correspondence course by snail mail in which students learn shorthand
An "External Programme" is developed for distance education by the University of London
: Anna Elliot Ticknor founded The Society to Encourage Studies at Home to promote availability for education to women
Distance Education and Educational Movements
Distance Education: The Telephone
First statewide, telephone-based education program is offered by the University of Wisconsin
Distance Education: The Internet
U.S. Department of Defense creates the Internet (ARPANET) (StraighterLine, n.d.)
History of the Internet
(Project Happening, 2013)
Educational Timeline Review and the Next Phase of Distance Learning
Timeline of Educational Movements
in Relationship to
History of Distance Education
Distance Learning: Radio Introduced
Penn State begins offering courses through the radio
By 1925, 200 + colleges and universities have been granted radio broadcasting licenses
Distance Education: The Television
The State University of Iowa begins televised course broadcasts in subjects including oral hygiene and identifying star constellations (Baker, 2014)
Stanford University founds the Stanford Instructional Television Network, offering instruction for part-time engineering students (StraighterLine, n.d.)
T.V. Supports Distance Learning
The Corporation for Public Broadcasting created to promote non-commercial television use
Distance Learning Criticism
Social critic Ivan Illich writes "Deschooling Society," which describes compter- based education as a means of offering schooling to both rich and poor in support of online learning (StraightLine, n.d.).
Distance Education: Online Universities Grow
Walden University opens, specializing in modular and limited studies graduate programs (Baker, 2014)
Distance Learning, Computers, and Organizations
CALC (Computer Assisted Learning Center) is established (a computer-based learning community)(Baker, 2014)
Distance Learning Via Technology
Software programs emerge to facilitate online learning with course management systems such as Blackboard and WebCT (Casey, 2008)
Distance Education Timeline: Summary and Trends
By Leah Stanek
What is distance learning?
The University of Nebraska-Lincoln's Independent Study High School becomes the first university-based correspondence school to offer an accreddited high school diploma
Distance Learning: High School
The Union for Research and Experimentation in Higher Education becomes the Union for Experimenting Colleges and Universities and features a University Without Walls undergraduate program and the Union Graduate School (Baker, 2014).
Distance Learning: Higher Education
: University of Chicago offers the first university courses by mail due to the vision of university president
William Rainey Harper
Pennsylvania State College begins a program in agricultural studies
Nove University is established, and the Carnegie Corporation funds the Articulated Instructional Media Project to explore using various communication media, lfor teaching off-campus students
"Throughout the 1930's, experimental television courses are offered through the University of Iowa, Purdue University, and Kansas State University" (Viani, 2014).
Regents College founded by the New York State Board of Regents as the External Degree Program of The University of the State of New York (Baker, 2014)
University of Phoenix is founded to give working adults flexible higher education options (StraightLine, n.d.)
Personal computers make online education accessible from home (Vianai, 2014).
The National University Teleconferencing Network, a consortium of 66 universities and the Smithsonian Institution, was established (Baker, 2014)
World Wide Web created, changing the way everything is done (Viani, 2014)
World Wide Web
(Stuff of Genius, 2013)
CVU (California Virtual University), a consortium of California colleges offering more than 1000 online courses (StraightLine, n.d.)
eLearning emerges as the dot-com term for distance
learning (Baker, 2014)
Distance learning via satellite T.V. is embraced by the business community due to increase in cost-effectiveness (Casey, 2008)
Distance Learning: Increasing Dramatically
Jones International University in Colorado provides 5 bachelor degrees and 24 master dgree programs, becoming the first fully online university to be accredited by the Higher Learning Commission (Casey, 2008)
Online education goes trans-global with the British Open University (Casey, 2008)
Distance Education: Quality Control
The Distance and Education and Training Council, as it is called today, is the nationally recognized accrediting agency for distance education programs: "It's the seal of academic approval" (Casey, 2008).
187% increase of students taking online classes (StraightLine, n.d.)
Khan Academy is founded with the mission of providing a free, world-class education to students through online materials that include thousends of bite-sized videos step-by-step problems , and instant data (StraightLine, n.d.).
Flipped Classrooms and blended learning environments on the rise
The NEA (National Education Association) and Blackboard Inc. release a research study examining quality benchmarks for distance learning in higher education, titled "Quality on the Line" (Baker, 2014)
Distance education is evolving to include technologies such as podcasts, blogs, and the web-cam: Audio and visual technologies are being used in hopes of bridging communication barriers that exist when face-to-face instruction is eliminated. Inter-connectivity with all technologies in Online learning environments is a growing trend (Casey, 2008)
(Distnace learning, 2014)
Note: Distance learning historically began with correspondence that took place through the mail, not electronically.
Educators reluctantly admit distance learning is here to stay (Casey, 2008)