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Vietnam

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by

Eva Griffin

on 4 May 2015

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Transcript of Vietnam

http://www.history.com/videos/vietnam
Overview of Vietnam
Road to War in Vietnam
http://www.history.com/videos/the-road-to-war
Operation Rolling Thunder
http://www.history.com/videos/operating-rolling-thunder
Tet Offensive
http://www.history.com/videos/tet-offensive-surprises-americans
Nixon's Secret Plan to End War
http://www.history.com/videos/the-my-lai-massacre
My Lai Massacre
Tunnels
http://www.history.com/videos/vietnams-underground-warfare
http://www.history.com/videos/nixons-secret-plan-to-end-vietnam-war
Vietnam War
Cold War
Longest War in US History
Only war the US ever lost
58,000
...during
WWII
Viet M nh
Ho Chi Minh
independence
French Indochina
Viet Minh defeat France
Communist
US supports France
CHOICE
Containment
Truman
Eisenhower
Kennedy
Johnson
Nixon
containment
containment
containment
containment
support for France

money, military aid

Truman Doctrine
France lost to Vietnam
Geneva Accords - divide into North and South Vietnam
sends aid and military advisors to South Vietnam
increases military advisors to over 16,000
unsure of whole Vietnam conflict
decides he can not be "soft" on communism
commits to winning in Vietnam
ESCALATION
stopping South Vietnam from becoming COMMUNIST
rapid increase in American soldiers in Vietnam
Tonkin Gulf Incident
"presidential war"
Tonkin
Gulf
Resolution
1965 - 3500 troops
1969 - 500,000
VIETNAM WAR
to US... war to stop spread of communism
to Vietnam... war for independence
Guerilla Warfare
Friend v. Foe?
Unpopular
"draft dodgers"
anti-war protests
WHY?
...well, what happened was...
Vietnam was a colony called
US Strategy = use AIR POWER to win
superior technology
Johnson decided not to run for reelection
promised that he had a "secret plan" to end the Vietnam War
expanded the war into Laos and Cambodia
Kent State Massacre
VIETNAMIZATION
My Lai Massacre
Anti-War Movement grew
US withdrew in 1973
Congress passed the War Powers Act
Fall of Saigon - April 1975
Tet Offensive
full scale invasion of SV by NV and Vietcong
Vietnam = Communist
Japan conquered Vietnam
wanted independence
Dien Bien Phu
Geneva Accords
containment
Bell Ringer
: What do you understand about the
VIETNAM WAR
right now? What are you still unclear about?

Operation Rolling Thunder
US gov't. claimed US was winning
Based on body counts
** US strategy = FAILED
Johnson announced he was halting bombing raids = look for an end to the conflict
Bell Ringer:
1. When World War II ended, the
COLD WAR
began... what was the
Cold War
?
2. Who was the "enemy" of the US in the
Cold War
?
3. What word sums up US policy in the
Cold War
?

after WWI...
Vietnam wanted independence
Ho Chi Minh
France refused
gets support from USSR
becomes Communist
led to use of "Search and Destroy" missions
destroy villages suspected of supporting communism
Full transcript