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Jim Cummins and Critical Pedagogy

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on 24 June 2014

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Transcript of Jim Cummins and Critical Pedagogy

Jim Cummins and Critical Pedagogy
Jim Cummins
B.A. in Psychology from the University of Dublin

Doctorate in Educational Psychology from the University of Alberta

Honorary Doctorate from the Bank Street College of Education in New York City

Major contributor to the TEFL and ELL educational communities
Cummins's Learning Theories
Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills (BICS)

Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency (CALP)

Common Underlying Proficiency (CULP/CUP)

Task Difficulty
Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills (BICS)

BICS are the language skills that we use in everyday social interactions such as engaging in conversation with our family and friends. These skills usually take six months to two years to develop after ELL students arrive in the United States. (Haynes)
Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency (CALP)
CALP refers to the learning that occurs within a classroom setting. Haynes states that this process takes five to seven years. If an English Language Learner has experienced no prior schooling, this process can take upward to ten years. Language acquisition requires more than memorizing vocabulary; it requires the skill to analyze, to compare, to contrast, to interact.
Common Underlying Proficiency (CULP/CUP)

Common Underlying Proficiency is a set of skills that a child learns while acquiring his first language. These skills can then be applied to his secondary language, in turn, making it easier to learn. (UK Essays 2013)

Task Difficulty
"Tasks range in difficulty along one continuum from cognitively undemanding to cognitively demanding; and along another continuum from context-embedded to context-reduced." (UK Essays 2013)

Five More Principles Supporting English Learners
Cummins, J. (2001). Range of contextual support and degree of cognitive involvement in language tasks and activities. [Image]. Retrieved from http://www.onestopenglish.com/clil/methodology/articles/the-language-dimension-of-clil/501228.article

Essays, UK. (November 2013). A short biography of dr jim cummins english language sssay. Retrieved from http://www.ukessays.com/essays/english-language/a-short-biography-of-dr-jim-cummins-english-language-essay.php?cref=1

Haynes, J. Explaining bics and calp. Retrieved from http://www.everythingesl.net/inservices/bics_calp.php

Pearson. (2013). [Image]. Retrieved from http://www.trypearsontexas.com/en/programs/envision-math-ES/additional-info/

Pearson English Learning. (2013). Dr jim cummins: Five principles supporting english learners [Video File]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=PM04NPtGthM
(Pearson 2013)
(Cummins 2001)
(Pearson English Learning 2013)
Full transcript