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The battle of Vimy Ridge

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Ai Matsumoto

on 14 October 2013

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Transcript of The battle of Vimy Ridge

One of the greatest battles in Canadian history was the battle at Vimy Ridge, which began on 9 April 1917. Canadian bravery and valour led to the tremendous victory for the entire Allied Force and was considered the turning point of WWI. 9-12 April 1917 Battle of Vimy Ridge Summary of Vimy Ridge Who did very well at Vimy Ridge Major-General Arthur Currie was the first Canadian appointed as commander of the Canadian Corps during the First World War. He was given this position in 1917. He went into the war with little military experience,however Currie played an important role in the Canadian victory at Vimy Ridge. His strategy included making sure that all soldiers involved in the attck knew the plan and exactly where he was to go. Maps of the battle field were given to every soldier. Currie believed that it was important to " Neglect nothing." The amount of people who effected by the battle of Vimy Ridge Vimy Ridge Battle Casualties After the battle of Vimy Ridge THE END Canadians used underground tunnels during the battle at Vimy Ridge. This allowed them to safely transport soldiers and equipment to the front. Tunnels were also dug underneath German lines and filled with explosives which were to be detonated when time for the attack came.
Working at night, tunneling companies used the existing tunnels to build a new underground network for the Vimy assault. As well, they dug 12 deep subways, totalling more than five kilometers in length, through which assault troops could move to their jumping-off points. The subways protected them from shelling and permitted the wounded to be brought back from the battlefield. Some subways were quite short which are smaller tunnels leading off the subways to the front line. At that point, the Canadians would push out to attack, right onto the battlefield, Why the battle of Vimy Ridge is really important for Canada The Battle of Vimy Ridge during World war 1 was a key event in Canada's development as a nation. Vimy became a shared symbol for canadians and a source of national identity and pride.
Ridge, Canadian soldiers made greater advances, and captured more arms, and more prisoners (4,000) than any other Allied offensive since the start or the war.
The victory caused immense pride back home. Canadians had begun the war as colonials, as subordinates, but were now Allies; they had succeeded where others had failed.
The battle at Vimy Ridge was an extremely successful victory for Canada. It was the first time in the First world War that all four Canadian divisions fought together. The strategy used to overtake the ridge was one of the most practiced and effective strategies of the war. The Canadian victory at Vimy Ridge represented Canadian troops as the strongest and most courageous in the war. Canadian soldiers practiced and rehearsed their
attack on Vimy Ridge for months. The attack was led by Canadian Commander of the 1st Division, Major-General Arthur Currie. Individual soldiers were given roles such as machine-gunners, rife-men, and grenade-throwers. The attack strategy was to create an artillery barrage which would force the Germans to stay in their trenches and away from their machine guns as well as create a wall of high explosives. Preparation of attack The way of attacking battle in the air The Royal Flying Corps launched a determined effort to gain air superiority over the battlefield in support of the spring offensive. The Canadians considered activities such as artillery spotting, and photography of opposing trench systems, troop movements and gun emplacements essential to continue their offensive. Of the 100,000 Canadians who fought at the Battle of Vimy Ridge

10,602 Canadians were wounded
3,598 Canadians died Aerial reconnaissance was often a hazardous task because of a requirement to fly at slow speeds and at low altitudes. The task was made all the more dangerous with the arrival of additional German flying squadrons Royal Corps lost 131 aircraft during the first week of April alone. Ai Matsumoto & Akiko Fujioka Canadian troops disembarking from landing craft during training exercise before the Raid on Dieppe Major-General Arthur Currie Julian Hedworth George Byng was a British General who, in 1916, was given command of the canadian Army Corps on the western front. He was in command when Canada was given the task of taking Vimy Ridge. Byng eventually became the Governor General of Canada. Julian Hedworth Celebration NOW Troops Soldiers, especially in large group Strategy The skill of planning the movements of armies in a battle or war Corp A member of one the lower ranks in the army Casualty A person who is killed or injured in war or in an accident
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