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MUS 122 - Impressionism

Prezi 10
by

Michael Sundblad

on 23 February 2016

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Transcript of MUS 122 - Impressionism

Painting - Parisian
Light and color; freshness of first impressions
Monet, Manet, Degas, Renoir
Use of color (anti-palette)
 
Symbolist poets - sound and feel
Imagery; senses
Impressionism
Rhythm - freer, non-western
Gliding over bar lines; lacks accents
 
Style
Harmony - major-minor weak
Impressionism in Music
The Requiem
Faun - myth, half man, half goat
Visited by 3 nymphs (or was it a dream?)
 
Prelude to “The Afternoon of a Faun”
Born near Paris 1862-1918
Paris Conservatory at 11
Bizarre harmonies
Becomes famous composer & critic 
 
Claude Debussy
Weakening ti-do relationship
Whole-tone-scales
Chromaticism
“tall” chords (9th)
Influenced by non-Western ideas
Pentatonic scale, instruments
Ideas - keeps some Romantic ideas
Program music, tone painting, nature.
 
Forms - Small forms, no Symphony
Descriptive titles: Nocturne, Nuages
Clair de lune
Turns away from Sonata-Allegro

Anti-Wagner (“Beautiful Sunset, mistaken for a dawn)
French music at the turn of the century
ABA’ yet fluid and rhapsodic
Loose rhythms; “dreamlike fluidity”
The Young Fools (Les Ingénus)
by Paul Verlaine translated by Louis Simpson

High-heels were struggling with a full-length dress
So that, between the wind and the terrain,
At times a shining stocking would be seen,
And gone too soon. We liked that foolishness.

Also, at times a jealous insect's dart
Bothered out beauties. Suddenly a white
Nape flashed beneath the branches, and this sight
Was a delicate feast for a young fool's heart.

Evening fell, equivocal, dissembling,
The women who hung dreaming on our arms
Spoke in low voices, words that had such charms
That ever since our stunned soul has been trembling.
- See more at: http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/15621#sthash.41PbDEVV.dpuf
JOURNAL: compare & contrast this piece and Monet.
How are they alike and dissimilar?
https://wwnorton.com/college/music/ilg/ENJ_12/DebussyPreludeToFaun.html
Mass for the dead
"Grant them peace"
Examples from Middle Ages to Fauré:
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLnnWQlJoYyN9kXROcpoFEbsl4LWfaiV5W
Fauré: "a happy deliverance...rather than a painful experience"
Gabriel Fauré (1845-1924)
Critic & composer
Teacher at Paris conservatory
Student: Nadia Boulanger
"He deliberately wished to distance himself from [German Romanticism]" (p. 273)
Requiem: 7 movements, chamber orchestration
Dies Irae text in "Libera Me" movement
https://wwnorton.com/college/music/ilg/ENJ_12/FauraRequiem.html
Full transcript