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The Road to the

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Chrissy RS

on 18 March 2014

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Transcript of The Road to the

Connecticut

It is Ordered, sentenced, and decreed, that the election of the aforesaid Magistrates shall be in this manner: every person present and qualified for choice shall bring in (to the person deputed to receive them) one single paper with the name of him written in it whom he desires to have Governor, and that he that hath the greatest number of papers shall be Governor for that year. And the rest of the Magistrates or public officers to be chosen in this manner: the Secretary for the time being shall first read the names of all that are to be put to choice and then shall severally nominate them distinctly, and every one that would have the person nominated to be chosen shall bring in one single paper written upon, and he that would not have him chosen shall bring in a blank; and every one that hath more written papers than blanks shall be a Magistrate for that year; which papers shall be received and told by one or more that shall be then chosen by the court and sworn to be faithful therein; but in case there should not be six chosen as aforesaid, besides the Governor, out of those which are nominated, than he or they which have the most writen papers shall be a Magistrate or Magistrates for the ensuing year, to make up the aforesaid number.
Maryland
"The colonies were wholly interested in overcoming the French in North America and appealed to the King for permission to raise armies and monies to defend themselves. Despite sincere petitions from the royal governors, George II was suspicious of the intentions of the colonial governments and declined their offer. English officers in America were also widely contemptuous of colonials who volunteered for service. A few of the men who signed the Declaration had been members of volunteer militia who, as young men, had been dressed down and sent home when they applied for duty. Such an experience was not uncommon. It led communities throughout the colonies to question British authorities who would demand horses, feed, wagons, and quarters — but deny colonials the right to fight in defense of the Empire, a right which they considered central to their self-image as Englishmen."
South Carolina
"Government has no other end, but the preservation of property."
"Every man has a property in his own person. This nobody has a right to, but himself."

Congratulations!
If you have reached the end of the road, that means that you were able to get all 13 colonies to ratify the Constitution!
Delaware


Amendment 6:
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.

The Road to the
Constitution
Made By:
Chrissy Senechal
Civics - 3

New York
Whereas the Lords Spiritual and Temporal and Commons assembled at Westminster, lawfully, fully and freely representing all the estates of the people of this realm, did upon the thirteenth day of February in the year of our Lord one thousand six hundred eighty-eight present unto their Majesties, then called and known by the names and style of William and Mary, prince and princess of Orange, being present in their proper persons, a certain declaration in writing made by the said Lords and Commons in the words following, viz.:
...
By raising and keeping a standing army within this kingdom in time of peace without consent of Parliament, and quartering soldiers contrary to law;

Virginia
A DECLARATION OF RIGHTS made by the representatives of the good people of Virginia, assembled in full and free convention which rights do pertain to them and their posterity, as the basis and foundation of government.

Section 1. That all men are by nature equally free and independent, and have certain inherent rights, of which, when they enter into a state of society, they cannot, by any compact, deprive or divest their posterity; namely, the enjoyment of life and liberty, with the means of acquiring and possessing property, and pursuing and obtaining happiness and safety.

New Hampshire
Join, or Die.
Massachusetts
“When the legislative and executive powers are united in the same person, or in the same body of magistrates, there can be no liberty; because apprehensions may arise, lest the same monarch or senate should enact tyrannical laws, to execute them in a tyrannical manner. Again, there is no liberty, if the judiciary power be not separated from the legislative and executive.”
Rhode Island
North Carolina
“The harder the conflict, the more glorious the triumph. What we obtain too cheap, we esteem too lightly; it is dearness only that gives everything its value. I love the man that can smile in trouble, that can gather strength from distress and grow.”
“I have always strenuously supported the right of every man to his own opinion, however different that opinion might be to mine. He who denies to another this right, makes a slave of himself to his present opinion, because he precludes himself the right of changing it.”
New Jersey
"In 1775 he was chosen to serve as a delegate to the Continental Congress where he represented Connecticut when Congress convened in January of 1776. On July 4, 1776, Samuel Huntington signed the Declaration of Independence casting his lot with the other fifty-five signers.
On September 28, 1779, Samuel Huntington was elected 6th president of Congress and began serving his term. During that term, on March 1, 1781, the Articles of Confederation became operative as the first Constitution of the United States. The first section of the Articles of Confederation designates our nation as the "United States" for the first time. Some argue that this makes Samuel Huntington the first president of the United States."
Pennsylvania
When in the Course of human events it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.
Georgia
A wave of farm foreclosures in western Massachusetts swept the young republic to its first episode in class struggle. Demonstrators and rioters protested high taxation, the governor`s high salary, high court costs and the assembly`s refusal to issue paper money (an inflationary measure highly favored by the debtor class).
Opposition had coalesced around Daniel Shays, a Revolutionary War veteran. At first, the activity was limited to meetings and petitions to Massachusetts government in Boston. The matter escalated when the Massachusetts Supreme Court indicated eleven leaders of the movement as disorderly, riotous, and seditious. Shays responded by raising a militia of 700 men, many unpaid veterans of the Continental Army. They marched first for Worcester where they closed down the commonwealth`s supreme court, then turned west to Springfield where they broke into the jail to free imprisoned debtors. The barns of some government officials were burned.
Instructions:
*This game requires the player to have a copy of the Constitution and Bill of Rights.*
Number of Players: Only one.
Goal: Get all 13 colonies to ratify the Constitution.
How: Travel along the footprints to each question. At each frame you will be presented with a document or a part of a document that influenced the ideas found in the Constitution. With your copy of the Constitution, try to find the connection between the document and the Constitution. If you do, you will have convinced that colony to ratify the Constitution.
Disclaimer: The answers provided after each question are not the only correct answers. There are many parts of the Constitution that could be argued for each question. The answers provided are just one (or two) examples.
TIps: Answers may be used more than once.
Amendments are considered part of the Constitution.
Magna Carta
(38) In future no official shall place a man on trial upon his own unsupported statement, without producing credible witnesses to the truth of it.

(39) No free man shall be seized or imprisoned, or stripped of his rights or possessions, or outlawed or exiled, or deprived of his standing in any other way, nor will we proceed with force against him, or send others to do so, except by the lawful judgement of his equals or by the law of the land.

(40) To no one will we sell, to no one deny or delay right or justice.

Click arrow for answer:
English Bill of Rights
Article 1, Section 10:
No State shall, without the Consent of Congress, lay any Duty of Tonnage, keep Troops, or Ships of War in time of Peace, enter into any Agreement or Compact with another State, or with a foreign Power, or engage in War, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent Danger as will not admit of delay.

Click arrow for answer:
Virginia Declaration of Rights
Any of the first 10 Amendments.

For example-
Amendment 4:
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.


Click arrow for answer:
The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
Amendment 12:
The Electors shall meet in their respective states and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice-President, and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate; -- the President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted; -- The person having the greatest number of votes for President, shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. ...
Click arrow for answer:
The Preamble:
We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

Click arrow for answer:
Charles de Montesquieu quote
Article 1:
All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.
...

Article 2:
The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same Term, be elected, as follows:
Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector.
...

Article 3:
The judicial Power of the United States shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services a Compensation, which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office.
...

The French and Indian War:
Article from ushistory.org

Amendment 2:
A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.

Click arrow for answer:
Dunmore's Proclamation
Article 1 Section 8:
[The Congress has the power] To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions

OR

Article 2 Section 2:
The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States
Click arrow for answer:
Thomas Paine quotes
The Preamble:
We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

OR

Article 7:
The Ratification of the Conventions of nine States, shall be sufficient for the Establishment of this Constitution between the States so ratifying the Same.
Click arrow for answer:
John Locke quotes
Amendment 4:
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
Click arrow for answer:
Samuel Huntington:
Article from "Connecticut Judicial Branch":
Article 1:
All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.
...

Article 2:
The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same Term, be elected, as follows:
Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector.
...

Article 3:
The judicial Power of the United States shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services a Compensation, which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office.
...
Click arrow for answer:
Declaration of Independence
Article 5:
The Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the Legislatures of two thirds of the several States, shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments, which, in either Case, shall be valid to all Intents and Purposes, as Part of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three fourths of the several States, or by Conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other Mode of Ratification may be proposed by the Congress; Provided that no Amendment which may be made prior to the Year One thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any Manner affect the first and fourth Clauses in the Ninth Section of the first Article; and that no State, without its Consent, shall be deprived of its equal Suffrage in the Senate.
Click arrow for answer:
Shay's Rebellion
Article from "United States HISTORY":
Article 4, Section 4:
The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened), against domestic Violence.
Click arrow for answer:
WHY: Both the Magna Carta and the sixth Amendment share similar views on giving a fair trial to every individual. This is an example of
natural rights
.
WHY: The English Bill of Rights influenced the inclusion of the idea of the national government controlling the regulation of a state's army. This is an example of
federalism
.
WHY: The purpose of the Virginia Declaration of Rights was to list the guaranteed freedoms of man. Many of these ideas were then carried over into the Constitution, specifically the Amendments. This is an example of
natural rights
.
WHY: The Fundamental Orders was written to explain how the voting of magistrates was conducted. One kind find similar ideas in the 12th Amendment regarding the voting of the President and Vice-President. This is an example of
representative democracy
.
WHY: The Preamble directly states that they aim to create "a more perfect union." In this picture, Franklin was trying to unify the colonies because they would be stronger together. Because all states need to be in agreement for change to happen, this is an example of
natural rights
.
WHY: Montesquieu believed that having only a legislative branch will cause certain rights of people to be infringed upon. The Constitution was sure to include three branches of government: legislative, executive, and judicial. This is an example of
separation of powers
.
Click arrow for answer:
WHY: During the French and Indian War, Great Britain prevented the colonies from building armies to protect themselves from the French. Therefore, the 2nd Amendment gave the right to maintain a militia to each individual state. This is an example of
federalism
.
WHY: The Proclamation gave Great Britain the right to control the colonies with military force. The colonies did not like this, and thus acknowledged this in the Constitution. They split control of the militias and only permitted them to act when there were invasions. This is an example of
Checks & Balances
.
WHY: These Thomas Paine quotes demonstrate his ideas regarding the importance of a man's opinion. That is acknowledged in the Preamble (the blessings of liberty) and Article 7 recognizes these ideas as well - nine states must be in agreement in order to ratify the Constitution. This is an example of
natural rights
.
WHY: These John Locke quotes show his idea that all men deserve the right to their own property, including of themselves. This is directly addressed in the 4th Amendment. This is an example of
natural rights
.
WHY: The Articles of Confederation, which have caused some to believe that Huntington was the first president, failed mostly because the single branch of government gave the Congress too much power. The first 3 sections of Article 1 of the Constitution establish 3 branches of government to limit the power. This is an example of
separation of power
and
Checks & Balances
.
WHY: The first part of the Declaration of Independence establishes that this document will provide the reasons for wanting separation from Britain. Article 5 of the Constitution explains how the government will go about changing the Constitution with these same ideas. This is an example of
representative democracy
.
WHY: During Shay's Rebellion, there was no one to protect the farmer's from being abused by taxes and sent to jail. In the Constitution, Article 4 not only promises every state a republican government but promises to protect them as well. This is an example of
representative democracy
and
natural rights
.
Full transcript