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Julie Halmo

on 13 May 2014

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Transcript of Armenia

Armenia (Hayastan)
0-14 years: 17.3% (males:274,473/female: 239,275)
15-24 years: 17.7% (males: 270,206/females: 255,325)
25-54 years: 46% (males: 643,563/females: 725,985)
55-64 years: 9.2% (males: 106,531/females: 167,486)
65+ years: 9.8% (males: 106,552/females: 184,788)
Every day Life
1. Good discussion topics: education and family.
2. Communication: People tend to speak very close to each other, but only touch each other while talking if they are very close.
3. Public display of affection and other emotions are not very common.
4. Dress: Very similar to America's. Men: dark suit and tie. Women: high-quality business suit with knee-length skirt in darker colors. Very formal. Punctuality is highly practiced.
5. Gender: Women and men are now treated equally. Class: They have the elites, middle class and everyone else. Religion: They do not discriminate against any religion and are very open with religions. Ethnicity: Have minority rights and has escaped the ethnic turmoil of the past. This has no impact on workplace, except for the fact that women are now allowed to have any job a man has.
6. Activities: Travel to the National Gallery in Yerevan and State Museum of Armenian History in Yerevan. Also, you can travel to restaurants and interact to get to know the people are very hospitable and friendly.
Map of Armenia
Black Text: Country
Blue Text: City
Red Text: Capital
: Lake Sevan
The capital, Yerevan is right next to Lake Sevan which is one of the greatest freshwater lakes in Eurasia. The lake is surrounded by mountain ridges. There are twenty-eight rivers that flow into the lake. The natural flow of Lake Sevan into Hrazdan River would increase and more water would become available for generation of electricity and irrigation of Ararat valley. Yerevan is located 60 km South-West of the lake because it could generate electricity and supply fresh water to the city. Issues that my country could face are water shortage because it’s relying on the lake and rivers and they could dry up from the hot weather or too much consumption. There are very different climates within Armenia which can make the crops grown vary.
National Anthem
Current Event: Armenia suspends talks with Turkey
Culture Pictures
Language Tree
State Type
Infant Mortality Rate: 13 per 1,000 live births
Life Expectancy: 72 (males: 69/females: 76)
Total Fertility Rate: 1.7
HIV rate, 15-49 years old, percentage: <0.01
Demographic Transition Model
National Heros
Vazgen I, Supreme Patriarch and Catholicos of all Armenians
More Everyday Life
Victor Hambardzumian, Soviet Scientist
18.09.1908 — 12.08.1996
Alex Manoogian, American entrepreneur and philanthropist
Movses Gorgisian, Armenian public activist and military leader
Geghaznik Mikaelyan, Armenian military leader
Monte Melkonian, American-born political activist and military leader
Tatul Krpeyan, Armenian military leader
Vitya Ayvazyan, Armenian military leader
Jivan Abrahamian, Armenian military leader
Yuri Poghossian, Armenian military leader
Karen Demirtchyan, Armenian political and statesman
Vazgen Sargsyan, Armenian political and military leader
Kirk Kerkorian, American businessman and philanthropist
Charles Aznavour, French singer, songwriter, actor, and public activist
Nikolay Ryzhkov, Soviet statesman and Russian politician
7. Family Life: Some marriages are still arranged. They live with the grooms family. Mothers and grandmothers provide most of the children's care. All families are considered a domestic unit.
8. Work: Women and men have equal opportunity to work as they like. They can be government workers or doctors. Male and women have equal opportunity.
9. Sports: soccer, tennis, basketball, wrestling and boxing. Festivals: HIGH FEST International Theater event held in October. Extreme Sports Festival in July.
10. Healthcare: Private clinics in the republic of Armenia and also under the sponsorship of Diaspora voluntary associations, such as the Armenian General Benevolent Union and the Armenian Relief Society.
11. Education: Free and accessible to all. Higher Education: A national policy directed at the elimination of illiteracy began in the first republic (1918–1920) and continued in Soviet times, resulting in a nearly 100 percent literacy rate. Women have equal rights to education. A private higher education system was introduced in 1992. Some fields have become labeled "female."
12. Art: Musical art and architecture, bas-reliefs, stone engravings, steles, illuminated manuscripts,tapestry,drawing, painting, sculpture, textiles, pottery, needlework, lace and graphic arts.
Literature: Oral and written. Influenced by European literary styles and movements and reflects the tragic history of its people.
Food: Bread and salt. Harissa (traditional meal): wheat grain and lamb. Barbecued meats and vegetables, pomegranate (national fruit), grapes. Khash (breakfast food on non-workdays): cattle legs are boiled and served with spices and garlic and consumed with Armenian brandy.

1. Ascension Day (Hambartsum) May 21
Ascension Day is the holiday of love and enjoyment. According to people’s imagination this is the night of miracle. The one who witnesses these magic moments(nature finds the gift of speech, the water is still for a second; the sky and the earth embrace; the stars kiss one another, space stops its wheel.) will have his or her dreams fulfilled.
2. Independence Day September 21
To celebrate the restoration of the Republic of Armenia in 1991, after 70 years of sovietization, followed a national referendum on secession from Soviet Union.
3.Easter (Zatik) April 4
To celebrate the resurrection of Christ.
4. Christmas (Surb Tsnund) January 6
To celebrate the birthday of Christ.
5. Genocide Victims Memorial Day April 24
Armenians all over the world solemnly honor the memory of over a million victims of the 1915 genocide and pay their respect to those who perished in this massive attempt to exterminate the Armenian people and forcibly remove them from their ancestral lands.
6. Women’s Day March 8
Men give presents to women, and the streets are full of flowers. People usually celebrate it with friends and have a good time in cafes, restaurants or at home. To celebrate women.
Barev Dzez
Folk Culture: Armenian Dance
Pop Culture: Armenians pick song for singer Gor Sujyan to perform at continent’s biggest pop music contest
Food: Lahmajun
Language: Armenian Alphabet
The words to “Mer Hayrenik” was taken from a poem by Mikael Nalbandian, and set to music before Armenia adopted it as the anthem upon regaining her independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
The present anthem is a modified version of a poem called “Song of an Italian Girl”. Some of the words have also been changed appropriately to reflect the freedom and independence of the country.
In 2006, they wanted a new national anthem, because people were saying “Mer Hayrenik” was only meant as a temporary anthem, was not composed by an Armenian, and does not reflect modern Armenia.
1. Land of our fathers, free, independent,
Which has endured from age to age.
Its sons and daughters now proclaim
Armenia, sovereign and free.
Its sons and daughters now proclaim
Armenia, sovereign and free.

2. Brother, take this banner,
Made with my own hands,
During sleepless nights,
And bathed in my tears.
During sleepless nights,
And bathed in my tears.

3. See, it has three colours;
A single hallowed symbol.
May it sparkle before the foe,
May Armenia flourish ever!
May it sparkle before the foe,
May Armenia flourish ever!

4. Death is everywhere the same,
Man is born just once to die,
But blest is he who gives his life
To defend his nation’s freedom.
But blest is he who gives his life
To defend his nation’s freedom.
The lyrics represent the history because it shows how much they struggled for their freedom and how much they value it because it has been fought for against the Soviets in 1991 and they have endured horrors like the Armenian Genocide, 1915.
Armenian Apostolic is the most distributed with 95%, it is an ethnic religion, based off of Christianity, practiced only by Armenians. The independent Armenian church considers its founders to have been the apostles Bartholomew and Thaddeus and officially calls itself the Armenian Apostolic Church. As a national church, it has played a vital role in maintaining Armenian culture, through the preservation and expansion of written traditions and as a cultural focus for Armenians scattered around the world. Christianity is only 3.7% of the population’s religion. Missionaries began converting Armenians in the Ottoman and Persian empires in the early modern era. Christianity is a universalizing religion. Yezidi is practice by 1.3% of the population mostly by the Kurds, and is also an ethnic religion. The Kurds immigrated into Armenia and due to the large amount of Kurds, being in the 1,000s, their religion became popular.
Armenia is a unitary, multiparty, democratic nation-state. It was one of the 15 Soviet Union Republics. It declared its independence from the Soviet Union on August 23, 1990. In Sept. 21, 1991 over 99% of voters approved of the declaration for the republic's independence. In March 22, 1992 Armenia joined the United Nations. They have a constitution called the "Constitution of Armenia" which was adopted by a nationwide referendum on July 5, 1995. On November 27, 2005 the constitution was officially adopted.
Armenia is landlocked with few natural resources. Armenia wants military cooperation with Russia, but economic access to the West. Armenia has tried to strengthen its relations with the European Union and the United States. The relationship between Armenia and Azerbaijan is starting to fail. But, because of it's location, bordering Turkey, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Iran, the US is very interested because Armenia could be a potential helper in advancing American aims since the stake US has in the bordering countries.
Armenia has always had problems with Turkey. They've closed off their borders to Armenia. Armenians are upset at the Turks because of the Armenian Genocide and the Turks are upset about all of the negative talk about Turkey because of the genocide.
The demonym for the people in Armenia are Armenians.
Armenian is the official language.
Indo European
Armenian Sign Language
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic
Value/Rank: .729/87
2006 Value: .709 (below regional value)
Life Expectancy: 74.4
Literacy Rate: 99.6
GDP per capita: $5,112
*GDI was not available
*HPI-1 was not available
Agricultural Summary:
Industry & Services Summary
Urban Patterns
1993: a chemical combine was designed to streamline production and marketing of Armenia's chemical products, which had been among the republic's most profitable outputs in the Soviet system.

In the later Soviet period: the country became known for its high-quality scientific research, particularly in computer science, nuclear and elementary particle physics, and astrophysics.

1998: About 30% of Armenia's industrial production infrastructure was destroyed or damaged by the earthquake

In the Soviet period: Armenian industry contributed trucks, tires, elevators, electronics, and instruments to the union economy, but several of the plants in those sectors also were lost in 1988.

During the Azerbaijani blockade: heavy industrial production has declined sharply because the supply of fuels and electricity has been limited and the price of raw materials has become prohibitive.

Armenia's most important light consumer products are knitted clothing and hosiery, canned goods, aluminum foil for food packaging, and shoes.

1991-1992: Food imports increased dramatically to compensate for a 58% drop in domestic food processing

1993: production of consumer products declined even more sharply than other sectors.

Overall industrial production in 1993: about 60% of 1992's, but the percentage rose steadily through 1993

Food production for 1993: was only 50% of 1992 amount, retail sales were 58%, and paid services to the population were 32%.
Agricultural land covers 47 percent of Armenia’s total area with the pie graph showing the type of agriculture
1. Agriculture is mainly in the valleys and mountainsides, with the highest mountain pastures used for livestock grazing.
2. Fertile volcanic soil allows cultivation of wheat and barley and pasturage for sheep, goats, and horses.
3. Figs, pomegranates, cotton, apricots, and olives also are grown in the limited subtropical Aras River valley and in the valleys north of Erevan, where the richest farmland is found.
4. Armenia also produces peaches, walnuts, and quince, and its cognac has a worldwide reputation.
5. Irrigation is required by most crops
6. By the 1960s: arable land had been extended by 20% compared with pre-Soviet times.
7.By early 1960s: Most farms had electricity, and machinery was common.
8. In the Soviet era: women made up most of the agricultural work force; a large percentage of the younger men had responded to the Soviet industrialization campaign by migrating to urban centers.
9. In 1989: farms were operating about 13,400 tractors and 1,900 grain and cotton combines.
10. The main agricultural products are grains (mostly wheat and barley), potatoes, vegetables, grapes, berries, cotton, sugar beets, tobacco, figs, and olives.
Urban population: 64% of total population

Rate of Urbanization: 0.5% annual rate of change
This article talks about how Armenia will no longer be trying to normalize relations with Turkey. The president of Armenia, Serge Sarkisian, says that Turkey has put no effort into the peace process. He also said that they will considering retrying the peace process when he feels there is a "proper environment in Turkey and there is leadership in Ankara ready to re-engage in the normalization process." He also said that political parties in parliament also wanted to stop trying to talk to Turkey about the normalization process. The United States European and Russian-supported peace process has been aimed at reopening the border between Armenia and Turkey and the establishment of embassies in both countries' capitals. The foreign ministers from Armenia and Turkey signed a series of peace protocols. The ceremony was almost canceled at the last minute because of a dispute between the Turks and the Armenians. Even though Turkey is not cooperating, Armenia has still decided to keep trying to make peace. It also talks about the Armenia Genocide. Armenia calls the massacres a genocide, but Turkey denies it as a genocide. That issue has been a blockade in making peace between the two nations. Sarkisian said Armenia is grateful to others across the world who back Armenia's position, including Turkish intellectuals who conclude that the killings of the Armenians then was an extermination.

This relates to concepts of genocide and boundaries. A genocide is the deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic group or nation. Armenians around the world commemorate the 1915 massacre of hundreds of thousands of ethnic Armenians in Ottoman Turkey on April 24th. The genocide happened because of Armenians ethnicity. The genocide happened in two parts: the wholesale killing of the able-bodied male population through massacre and forced labor, and the deportation of women, children, the elderly and infirm on death marches to the Syrian Desert. The article also pertains to boundaries because Turkey borders Armenia and they have boundaries problems since they have a strong dislike of each other. The reason is because Turkey rejects the idea that the Armenian Genocide is even a genocide and Armenia says it is. They no longer trade with each other, or communicate with each other. They have rejected to re-open the border between them and it is said that border problems will remain unresolved.
Armenia is in stage 3 of the demographic transition model. The death rate in Armenia is 8.49 deaths/1,000 population and the crude birth rate is 12.9 births/1,000 population meaning less death and more births but they are still very close. As the population pyramid shows, there are less children than middle age people which is typical of a stage 3 country. They do have ways of contraception which are used but not in the way we use them, since they are trying to recover the Armenian population, contraception like condoms are not as popular for birth control, but protection from STDs. There has been new medical technologies and policies for these medicines. They have machinery manufacturing, electronics, and the production of chemicals, petrochemicals, fertilizers, and building materials. They also have trucks, tires, elevators, electronics, and instruments.
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