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The Governments of the North and the South

By: Brenna, Kerry, Sam, and Whitney

SAm Ebert

on 19 May 2010

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Transcript of The Governments of the North and the South

The Governments of the North and the South by Brenna, Sam, Kerry and Whitney Southern Government
known as the Confederate government
placed under the leadership of Jefferson Davis
Davis imposed taxes to spur new industrial and urban growth, due to lack of manufactured goods from the North
Davis also created a government bureaucracy over economic developments, such as railroads and commercial shipping

Abraham Lincoln North Jefferson Davis South Northern Government known as the Union government
placed under leadership of Abraham Lincoln
Lincoln gave the executive branch of the government more power by developing economic programs without waiting for congressional approval
Lincoln also championed many government loans and grants to businesses, raised tarriffs to protect the union, and initiated the printing of a national currency Southern Foreign Policy
Southerners thought that Britain and other European countries would come to their aid because of "King Cotton"
the British already had an ample supply of cotton, so they remained neutral in regards to the South

Northern Foreign Policy the motivation of the North was to keep the South from having any foreign connections
the foreign policy was in the hands of the Secretary of State, William Henry Seward
the Trent Affair: November 8, 1861. U.S. Navy officer Charles Wilkes captures two Confederate envoys from a British mail ship "Trent". Britain claimed this was a violation of their claimed neutrality. Secretary of State Seward agreed to release the prisoners and the crisis passed quickly.

Southern Domestic Policy inflation came due to rapid economic growth
many Southerners became impoverished because crop payments were worthless (due to the inflation)
the South created a conscription (a military draft) that required small farmers to serve in the Confederate Army
Northern Domestic Policy the Northern economy boosted due to the demand of war-related goods made in factories
many Northerners became extremely wealthy
corruption was widespread
due to labor unions, inflation accelerated
it was widely believed that the government should help businesses, but interfere little
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