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Copy of Theme and sub-themes for the book "After the First Death"
Transcript of Copy of Theme and sub-themes for the book "After the First Death"
"After the first death" This theme applies for the following character:
-Ben's Father; Mark Marchand
-Artkin Patriotism Ben's father: Mark Marchand Ben's father voluntarily suggested the stone to be brought to the terrorists by Ben. He sacrificed his son for the sake of his country. Miro His actions through out the story shows his patriotism as he strive to free his homeland or try to. "Ah. Kate. You have missed the entire point. All of it. All the times we talked on the bus and you still do not understand.... That it does not matter whether or not I get away . Whether or not I live or die. Whether anyone else lives or dies. I have served my purpuse." -Miro (page 217) As we read the passage above, we learn that from the beginning, Miro didn't care for his life and he wasn't afraid of death either. He was serving his country and that was all it mattered to him. And his death, to him is very honorable. " the attempt at rescue failed and more children were sacrificed than were saved, scapegoats had been set up to absorb the blame. they would acknowledge publicly that they went against official policy. They would be stripped of command, possibly face jail terms.... This is the greatest patriotism: to accept disgrace for the sake of your country. The traitor patriot." -Mark Marchand (page 189) From the above passage, we learn that he defines patriotism as "to accept disgrace for the sake of your country. Artkin Die trying to fight for the freedom of his homeland that is jeopardized by America. Bravery Bravery applies to the following characters: sacrifice Mark Artkin Miro Life given to gain back homeland.
Don't except to come out alive. Put his life into gaining back his homeland Willing to become a scapegoat if necessary
Made his own son to deliver a stone "[Miro] should have died with Artkin on the bridge. That would have a statement for others to see...It would have been glorious to die with Artkin." (Cormier, 232) "[Ben speaking to Mark]: Tell me what you did for your country. [Mark speaking to Ben]: I sent you to the bridge...[The hijacking] was a vital situation and you were the choice." (Cormier, 224) "Saving [oneself's own life] is not important...To die in [wars for oneself's country] is the best way to serve." (Cormier, 114) Sacrifice applies to the following characters:
Kate Mark: "I was serving my country. I am a patriot, Ben. I did it for my country. Not for myself."
Ben: "I know you did it for your country, dad. But I'am your son."
Ben: "Is a country worth that much, dad?"
(page 225-227) So as we read we come across the question asked by Ben whether a country is worth that much? The author was probably trying to get the message across that blind patriotism can hurt a person deeply and make the people that around them suffer as well. As we read to the end of the book Ben died and Mark went insane because he was trying to achieve the greatest patriotism. "We didn't anticipate that they would not release you. We didn't anticipate that Artkin would have time to shoot you. It was computerized as a minimun risk."
-Mark Marchand (page 226) guilt
guilt applies to the following characters: Kate -Feels guilty after her failed escape attempt
-Failed the kids
-May have made things worse
"May have brought on retaliation, doomed them all."(160) Miro -Feels guilty for Artkins death
-"There was a worm in his heart, a worm that said he had been responcible for Artkins death."(219)
-Artkin was his first death Ben -Feels guilty for letting his country down
-Lets his injurys take over and kill him
-"And then I died."(226) Mark -Feels guilty for the death of his son
-"I failed you, again"(227) Identity This theme applies to the following characters:
- Mark Kate Kate's identity is easily characterized as a dual identity:
-one side of her is very brave and tries to escape the terrorists
-another side of her is very scared and gives in to the terrorists Miro Miro is very confused about his identity as a person and has many conflicts about himself on certain ideals -Kate
-Ben Kate Throughout the whole book Kate trys to figure out whether she is brave enough. Later in the book, she attempts a daring escape that could answer he question. Now.
She turned the key in the ignition and pressed down on the accelerator. The engine moaned, a lazy reluctant sound, like a lawn. (Pg 157) Kate answers her own question by trying to escape from the hijackers. If Kate did not have this bravery, Kate wouldn't have been able to make the escape. Since Kate has been know to be a harmless school girl, she had always wondered whether her parents had seen her bravery. The pain...wow...breath-caught dying mommy and daddy I can't breathe and nobody to tell me if I was bra...(brave). (Pg 221) From the passage above, we learn that Kate always had an urge to show people that she really was brave. This shows that Kate had an obsession with bravery, and she always wanted someone to tell her whether she was brave or not. However, with the escape attempt from the hijackers, Kate has proven to herself that she has bravery, and there's no need from reassurance from other people. Miro Throughout the novel, Miro doesn't show too much bravery. However, in the ending of the novel, his actions spoke louder then words. Once, Miro wondered: Why am I running? It would have been glorious to die on the bridge with Artkin. But it was more important to carry on the work. Miro realizes that he should have died on the bridge with the rest of the freedom fighters. However, he realizes that bravery is the only thing he has left, and that he should continue to push on with the missions. Artkin When the attack started on the Freedom Fighters at 8:35am, Artkin new that there men would not hold against an entire army. But instead of giving up, Artkin decided to fight for his homeland, something he thought the Americans destroyed. This emphasizes Artkins bravery because he fought for what he believed in, something he loved, something he could not just give up on by surrendering. Proving that Artkin was willing to die for his homeland, meaning bravery was all he knew. Ben Ben went on the bridge were the hijackers were to show them the stone. This was a true sign of bravery because he risked his life for just a stupid stone. "She turned the key in the ignition and pressed down on the accelerator...she swung the lever that admitted Miro into the bus. Miro is fond of such things as cartoons and music from American culture, but he is supposed to hate it as he is part of this group. Mark - Identity changes
- Incorporates such things as patriotism into his identity
- Ben is part of his identity at the end "From where? Me. From me. Where in you? Deep inside." Ben - We only know of him within his father's memory/point of view
- He is very similar to his father
- suicidal from his father's POV "I will do it without any prelude or prologue, and may simply walk up River Road one afternoon, arrive at Brimmler's Bridge, calmly climb the parapet or whatever it's called, and let myself plummet to the riverbed below." The general's tone is very scientific. It wouldn't seem like a tone a person would use to apologize to another person.