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Spencer Mysteries of Ancient Egypt
Transcript of Spencer Mysteries of Ancient Egypt
The Duties of a Artisan
A lot of artisans made paintings or sculptures of Pharaohs and other high ranking people. They also work with the merchants to have the merchants sell things the artisans made and the artisan get part of it and the merchant gets part of it. They loved all their beautiful things. Imhotep is a very famous artisan and he is known by some people in the time of King Zoser. Imhotep's name means the one to come in peace. He was in the Old Kingdom, 3rd Dynasty.
Scribes did all the writing in Ancient Egypt. "One out of a thousand people were made Scribes" according to the artical
. Priests where also known to have written hieroglyphics in Ancient Egypt. When Scribes needed to write, they used a wooden board, and they used reed stems, mostly nine inches long. The stems were very thin which were burned to make marks on the papyrus. "Unlike our writing, hieroglyphs were action ‘pictures’ that could mean one word, many words ,or an entire idea"
. The Scribes in Ancient Egypt kept track of all of the written information and revised and edited the existing information for the other scribes.
The slaves were usually prisoners of war.
Foreign slaves were liked by the Pharaohs and Nobles better.
The foreigners were liked more because they had more knowledge from other countries.
The great slaves were buried alive with the king or queen for the afterlife.
The slaves and families saved money for the children to learn trade.
Servants had to make sure the children were behaving themselves and they had to wash, cook, and dress there owners.
That is the duties of slaves and peasants.
The pharaoh got really rich peasants to do the farm work on the rich lands.
The two types of farmers are reapers and gleaners.
The reapers went through the fields first and they did work such as plowing the field to loosen the dirt for seeds to go in or they would winnow.
Winnowing means to get the debris off of grain.
They used winnowing scopes, mattocks, flint-bladed sickles and plows.
The egyptian plow had a small blade on it that didn't cut very deep which was fine because the soil was fertile.
They usually grew wheat and barley, but also fig trees
Neterikhet at Saqqara.
A lot of the symbols had more than one letter.
There were over 700 hieroglyphics.
Egyptians first began using hieroglyphics after the first dynasty began in 3100BC.
Ancient Egyptians used to use papyrus to write on.
The Rosetta Stone taught us how to read hieroglyphics.
Did you know that farmers were the first soldiers in Ancient Egypt?
The Egyptians were not the fighting type.
They hit each other with sticks.
But the Hyksos had bows and arrows.
Most egyptians fought on foot.
They usually had a sword and a shield.
The original Egyptians were farmers not fighters.
The Hyksos were very advanced compared to the Egyptians in weapons.
What does a vizier mostly do in ancient egypt? 100points
The soil got fertilized when the Nile flooded.
They then had 20,000 to 34,000 kilometers of land.
They had many trees with fruit on them.
The Pharaoh was in charge of setting food aside if there was a drought so no one would starve to death.
These were there tools for farming