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Indian Music and Instruments

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8-5pd2 student20

on 12 November 2012

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Transcript of Indian Music and Instruments

Indian Music and Instruments By Veronica Wood The earliest Indian musicologist was a man named Bharata, who lived between 2nd century BC and 3rd century AD. During his time, Indian music was mostly made up of vocals, accompanied by only one or two instruments. Since then, Indian music has evolved into a complicated and detailed system called "Raga." The word "raga" means color, mood, melody, and beauty. Indian musicians use the raga to express love, humor, anger, heroism, terror, disgust, wonder, or serenity. Here is an example of a song called "Raga Madhuvanti," by the Indian musician Hariprasad Chaurasia, intending to express eternal love. The two main instruments used in this clip were the Tabla and the flute. The Tabla is the most used Avanada instrument in India.The Tabla is made up of two drums, the smaller Tabla on the left, and the Bayan on the right. The heads of the drums are made of stretched animal skin, while the base of each drum are made of wood. In Indian music, there are four types of instruments. Tantu(stringed,) Susir(wind,) Avanada(percussion,) and Ghana(bells, cymbals, and gongs.) The Sitar is the most popular instrument of India. It is a Tantu instrument, and it has a long, thin neck and has 20 metal frets. At the lower end of the sitar's neck is a gourd,which is used to resonate the strings. The "Jaltarang" is a collection of around 15 - 18 porcelain cups, all varying in size. The cups are lined up in front of the performer in an arc, the largest on the left, smallest on the right. Water is poured into each cup, and the amount of water adjusts the pitch. Some Indian instruments are only used for special occasions. North India and South India have each adopted their own music style. The "Hindustani" Style is most popular in Northern India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. In the 16th century, the musicologist of the north was Miyan Tansen. He was the court musician of the emperor, Abkar the Great. Venhatamakhi also regrouped the raga into over 72 different musical scales. Around the same time, the South developed the Carnatic music style. The greatest musicologist in the south was a man named Venhatamakhi. The Carnatic style and methods are still used in South India today. Overall, Indian music has grown into an elaborate and amazing style that should be appreciated around the world for its softness and peacefulness.
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