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Copy of Arguments for Freedom
Transcript of Copy of Arguments for Freedom
Section 1 A Nation Declares Independence
Declaration of Independence
July 4, 1776
The Declaration of Independence made many arguments for American freedom.
The ideas expressed within the Declaration can be grouped into three parts. The authors made these points, then stated how the King violated their rights.
This idea came from the philosophy of John Locke, who stated that people should be guaranteed 'life, liberty, and property.' These rights, according to Locke's "state of nature" were rights endowed upon man by god, and nobody should be able to take them away.
They felt that the King of Great Britain, George III, was infringing upon these rights. They believed that when a ruler did these, the subjects had a right to overthrow the oppressive rule, and establish their own government, called the right to revolution.
Divine Entitlement to Unalienable Rights
List of Grievances
The King of Great Britain had deprived the colonists of the ability to govern themselves.
Frequently dismanteling their representative assemblies.
Not allowing colonists to pass laws without his permission, even when they were needed immediately.
Comissioning officers to do his biding, neglecting the rights of the colonists.
Quartering British troops in American households, even
in times of peace.
Cut off their trade with other parts of the world, creating a
British monopoly within the colonies.
Taxing without consent
"Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness"
Deprival of trial by jury
Waging war against the colonists
"He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts,
burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of
Written by Thomas Paine
Read page 171 in the America Text
Why does Paine think that being associated with Britian hurts American Trade?
Introduced by Richard Henry Lee
Resolution- formal statement of opinion
Proclaim that "these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent states".
Before the resolution could be voted on a statement was drawn up ( Jefferson) stating the reasons for separation.
This leads to...
Impact of the Declaration
Changed the nature of the war
No longer were the Americans fighting for fairer treatment, but for a new nation.
No turning back now
Impact of Today's Lesson
1. What was the main idea of Thomas Paine's Common Sense?
2. Why do you think Common Sense had such an impact on the colonists?
3. What are the main parts of the Declaration of Independence?
Begins with a Preamble or introduction
Begin drafting your Declaration of ??
1. Preamble- An intro telling the reader what you are doing and why.
2. What rights do you feel are being infringed upon and by whom?
3. List grievances or instances when the rights have been infringed upon.
4. Dissolve the bond- say goodbye to _____ and why you think you have the authority to do so.
This is a right that the colonists believed they had
After naming the Document-
"The Declaration of Independence",
that states that the "Americans" were going to state their independance and why, listing very detailed
against the king, and then and only then do the " Americans" state that the colonies "were free and
Seems like the document writer knew how to document...
Who wrote it again?
A. George Washington
B. John Adams
C. Thomas Jefferson
D. Samual Adams