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Neuroscience and Occupational THerapy

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Amy Austin

on 22 March 2013

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Transcript of Neuroscience and Occupational THerapy

A Little Background..... Neuroscience and Occupational Therapy: Vital Connections Hypothesis: The 1980's saw Major Changes: BS from Ohio State in 1967
MS in Special Education and Learning Disabilities Butler 1972
PhD in comparative Anatomy and neurobiology from Indiana University School of Medicine 1985
Inducted as a FAOTA in 1978 "In-depth knowledge of the neurosciences serves as a common denominator that can enhance our ability to interpret all aspects of human behavior" Technologically, our understanding of
the brain was exploding:
The 80's saw the beginning of the AIDS
Our understanding of the organic bases
of schizophrenia was changing
How the brain changes and organizes
itself after injury was being studied
In 1990 Bush dedicated it as the decade
of the brain Shereen D. Farber, PhD, OTR, FAOTA Interesting..... She has treated dogs and horses for 20 years with sports related injuries, trauma and work related injuries
She considers the occupations of the specific dog/horse
In other words, she analyzes what that particular animal likes and needs to do to ensure that the animal has all the skills and physical abilities he needs to do his work. IN Closing.... Neuroimmunomodulation Organic Basis of Psychopathology Reorganization of the CNS after Injury What is this??? We learned a lot about this in Anatomy and Neuro. Based on what we have learned, how might we incorporate our knowledge into treatment/Intervention in our practice? Feel free to use examples from fieldwork. The idea that mental illness is caused by brain pathology Schizophrenia Physical changes in brain structures
Autoimmune dysfunction
Sensory integration problems
dichotic listening differences
faulty neurointegration
Neurorehabilitative approach You are working with a group of 5 individuals with schizophrenia. Based on the evidence discussed by Farber, what are some aspects that can be used as you provide an intervention? She works in private practice helping individuals with chronic pain via ortho-neuro-rehabilitation.
She sits on the board of several non-profits including the Integrative Learning Center of North America where she is participating in research on a study utilizing Bones For Life in an elderly population. Dr. Farber feels very strongly that a good foundational understanding of neuroanatomy neurochemistry, and associated functions of the brain are important aspects of lifelong learning for Occupational Therapists....... Sequale of events after injury
Contributors to plasticity:
neurotrophic substances
neurotoxic substances
neural reorganization As an OT working in a hospital, what are some interventions and therapies you might concentrate on based on the knowledge you have gathered as as a student in neuroscience and anatomy? Consider the environment, age and severity of the injury. Would you consider the evidence? Farber notes that "Neurobiological information can be used to design research to evaluate our existing treatment philosophy and methodology and to develop new theories and technology."
Additionally: "We are now in a technological revolution in brain sciences, and it is up to the creative minds of occupational therapists to incorporate these new methodologies and discoveries into therapeutic advances." As an OT, how do you envision staying abreast of all this research?

What are some advances that you hope to see that could affect how patients with brain disorders are treated with OT?
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