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Transcript of Pediatrics
helpful for developmentally delayed or children under 5 years old
standardized testing – type of formal test in which the evaluation procedures remain the same when administered by different therapists and at variable locations
norm referenced – values collected from standardized testing to compare the patients to Assessment/ Examination First 3 years...
Build Support in the Home
Family and friends must be educated on diagnosis and prognosis
They form the foundation of support for pediatric patient/client
Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP)
Strengthen family unit
Assistive babysitting, specialized transportation, etc observe stages of a child's life and look for discrepancies.
gross and Fine Motor Movements School age...
Individualized Education Program (IEP)
Allows active participation in education system
Direct PT care or consultation with other professionals, caretakers, teachers, etc. Key Points:
Evaluation: occurs very often
Diagnosis/Prognosis: Educate the family
Effects on Plan of Care: Constantly evolving based on patient needs A lot of planning goes into their intervention
Have basic knowledge of psychology to developing motor learning skills
Work with family members to design a long term, family- center plan. autism neurologic
impairments with communication, social and behavioral skills
may be associated motor and sensory impairments
usually diagnosed before age 3 developmental disorder
consistent behavioral programs, individually catered to each patient's needs
Physical therapy- to teach each child how to develop gross motor skills without using abnormal movement patterns, which frequently occur due to hypotonia (Low muscle tone) and hypermobility (Unusual ROM). Interventions... clubfoot one or both feet turned inward
muscles shorten and remain in fixed position Interventions
progressive and prolonged casting and/or taping
physical therapy interventions will mostly consist of the appropriate splinting that is specific to each child
physical therapy sessions to increase joint ROM.
in severe cases children must have surgical repair
brain isn't effectively communicating with the CNS and muscles
many causes from trauma, genetic factors, premature birth, and environmental factors Neuromuscular Disorders Common Neuromuscular
& Genetic Disorders duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD)
neural tube defects- spina bifida, spina bifida occulta, meningocele, meningomyocele, anencephaly
developmental coordination disorder (DCD)
prenatal cocaine exposure scoliosis spine is curved laterally
congenital or neuromuscular
differs in severity
cause is unknown most of the time
causes back pain, uneven shoulders or hips exercise helps to reduce back pain & to improve range of motion caused by excessive alcohol consumption of the mother during pregnancy
most common known cause of intellectual disability, surpassing down syndrome and spina bifida!
children are smaller in size and have specific physical features- microcephaly, widely spaced eyes, short upturned nose, thin upper lip, and large low-set ears
these physical features help to identify their condition. fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) Pediatrics Brooke Richards
Chelsea Valdez Hypothetical Case Study Little Matthew 3 yrs. old
attends preschool with other children his age
has down syndrome Common Pediatric Conditions Developmental Disorders can be caused by many factors during fetal development
genetic and chromosomal anomalies
premature birth Orthopaedic Disorders congenital or acquired problems with:
joints acute, short-term injuries Other Common
Orthopaedic Disorders... Congenital Muscular Torticollis (CMT) Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA) Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH) Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) Cystic Fibrosis (CF) Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) Down Syndrome Cerebral Palsy (CP)