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John Storey, "What is popular culture?"
Transcript of John Storey, "What is popular culture?"
"What is Popular Culture?" What is Ideology? 1. "a systematic body of ideas articulated by a particular group of people" (2)
2. ideas with which we are forced to create our selves; a "false consciousness" (3) that "mask[s]" who we 'really' are and "conceals" power relations for those in (and out) of power
3. the way in which texts/performances/events "present a particular image of the world" (4)
4. "the secondary, often unconscious meanings that texts and practices carry" (4); the 'hidden' or 'normal' meaning
5. a way of life; just as Williams argues that we are constantly living in culture, we are constantly living in ideology. Ideology is not imposed upon us, it is the performance of our everyday lives: we rehearse ideology every day and through every action.
What are the differences between ideology and popular culture?
anything else? What is hegemony? Antonio Gramsci
Italy; wrote from jail
power isn't top down
power is a struggle
unstable politics = ideology is forced upon us
stable politics = we "consent" to a shared ideology
Can we consent to being dominated?
Is the power to consent always liberating?
When is power not power? “The main argument that I suspect readers will take from this book is that popular culture is in effect an empty conceptual category, one that can be filled in a wide variety of often conflicting ways, depending on the context of use” (1).
If popular culture is an “empty” category, why should we spend time trying to analyze it or define it?
-what limitations do we face? SO WHAT? Can the critique of culture ever really
change the world, or is just academic? Does Ideology DETERMINE who we are?
Determination vs. free will
Reproduction vs. production
Social Construction vs. Biological essentialism