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Social Structure of France prior to the French Revolution
Transcript of Social Structure of France prior to the French Revolution
and Daniel The Special Privileges How did the Social Structure contribute to the French Revolution Resentment of royal absolutism. Unfair Taxation Relations Second estate: Noble Man Third Estate: Bourgeoisie, Peasants and Workers First estate: the Clergy Introduction Social Structure of France prior to the French Revolution The French revolution that took place in France in the years of 1789-1799, in France.
It was caused by factors such as the bad governing system of France in the time, weak superiority within the government system and inequality of the classes of people in France by the time. First estate: the Clergies (the church officials, priests.) •They collected church tax (The tithe)
•They supervised education (decide about the education)
•Registered births, deaths, marriages
•They did not need to pay taxes •They collected tax (feudal dues), from the peasants
•They take over the appointment in the state and military service and also command the navy and military
•They did not need to pay tax The third estate does not own any privileges but were forced to pay taxes, tithes to the church, and rents to their land owners. Simply adding, the tax taken from the third estate are taken by the First estate and Second estate, 10% of this collected taxes go to the First estate.
This is one of the factors that caused the french revolution. This is one of the factor causing the revolution, ideas of freedom and equality and freedom were growing throughout the middle classes, which is the opposite of what an absolute monarchy government system is about, this creates a resentment of the middle classes people (Third estate), to those of the First estate and Second estate. Taxation were excessively high in France by the time, and that this taxes requirements were made by the King Louis XVI.
Other factor is also the exemption of the clergies and the nobles from this taxes, while taxes are only taken from the middle classes people. Eventually, France had a society of classes where people of higher classes (the Clergies and the Nobility) could work a lot less than people of lower classes (lawyers, doctors, merchants, farmers) who work far harder, and yet these people of higher classes gain tremendously higher advantage than the people of lower classes.
This is one of the most important trigger of the French revolution, feudalism. What does the does the Social Structure consist of? The three estates includes the: Second estate: the Nobleman (the knights and nobility.) Third estate: the Bourgeoisie, Peasants and Workers (merchants, doctor, manufacturers and lawyers) Demonstration of the France's classes Feudalism Thank You for Your Attention!