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Sex, Porn, and Internet Addiction

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Bethany Stafford

on 7 November 2013

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Transcript of Sex, Porn, and Internet Addiction

Part 1
Sex!!
Sex Addiction Defined:

- Sexual addiction is not included in the DSM-IV-TR nor the DSM-5.
- According to the American Society of Addiction Medicine, “Addiction is characterized by an inability to consistently abstain, impairment in behavioral control, craving, diminished recognition of significant problems with one’s behaviors and interpersonal relationships, and a dysfunctional emotional response” (Smith, 2012, p. 1)

Part 2
the
Internet!!
How do these two addictions interact with each other?
Some Statistics
Sex is the #1 searched for topic on the Internet
70% of employees admit to viewing or sending adult-oriented personal email at work.
Online, thousands of communities centered around sex exist. These communities consist of:
Dating websites
OkCupid.com
Match.com
Social media pages
Facebook pages
Craigslist personals
Sex chat rooms
zozochat.com
chaturbate.com
Cybersex sites
cybersexonline.net
loveshack.org
Fetish Communities
fetlife.com
kinkculture.com
Cell Phone Apps
Grindr
Tiger Text
Additionally, there are several thousands of "Hook up sites" online including:
www.onlinebootycall.com
www.swurve.com
www.peachmate.com
www.megaseeds.net
www.backpage.com
www.topix.com
And of course you can't forget online shopping! Websites such as those below create a quick, easy, convenient, and private way for individuals to purchase items from the internet to use during sex:
www.adameve.com
www.bettersex.com
www.edenfantasys.com
www.dejavu.com
www.pureromance.com
And yes, even...
www.walgreens.com
But wait, what about online pornography?
Great question!
While addiction to pornography is not synonymous with sex addiction, the two are closely related. Likewise, those with addiction to pornography spend quite a bit of their time online. Did you know that...
“The total porn industry revenues range from $4 - $10 billion in the United States alone.”
“Annual worldwide pornography sales are $57 billion.”
“Researchers at Stanford and Duquesne universities claim at least 200,000 Americans are hopelessly addicted to E-porn.”
There is currently no diagnostic criteria for pornography addiction in the DSM
A survey by No-Porn.com revealed the following from 5750 respondents:
• 78% said they were addicted to pornography.
• 57% said they never told anyone about their addiction.
• 51% said they view porn daily.
• 45% were 11-15 years old when they first viewed porn. (10% were under the age of 10)
• 72% considered themselves to be religious.
An MSNBC/Stanford/Duquesne Study in 2000 found:
• Men prefer visual erotica twice as much as women
• Women favor chat rooms twice as much as men
• Women had slightly lower rate of sexually compulsive Internet behavior
• 70% keep their habit a secret

Internet Porn Statistics
Pornographic websites: 4.2 million (12% of total websites)
Pornographic pages: 372 million
Daily pornographic search engine requests: 68 million (25% of total search engine requests)
Daily pornographic emails: 2.5 billion (8% of total emails)
Average daily pornographic emails/user: 4.5 per internet user
Monthly Pornographic downloads (Peer-to-peer): 1.5 billion (35% of all downloads)
Daily Gnutella “child pornography” requests: 116 thousand
Websites offering illegal child pornography: 100 thousand
Sexual solicitations of youth made in chat rooms: 89%
Youths who received sexual solicitation: 20%
Worldwide visitors to pornographic web sites: 72 million annually
Pornography Time Statistics:
• Every second - $3,075.64 is being spent on pornography
• Every second - 28,258 Internet users are viewing pornography
• Every second - 372 Internet users are typing adult search terms into search engines
• Every 39 minutes: a new pornographic video is being created in the United States
How are sex, internet, and porn addiction harmful?
The Harms of Sex Addiction
The Harms of Internet Addiction
The Harms of Pornography Addiction
How do we treat these addictions?
Types of Treatments:
Individual Therapy:
- Individual therapy helps client value themselves and reduce shame (Wilson, 2000).
- Many addicts have trust issues and are reluctant to disclose information about themselves to a group initially (Wilson, 2000).
- Developmental aspects like family dysfunction, traumatic experiences or neglect are most suited for an individual setting (Briken, 2007).
Group Therapy
- Groups offer a different perspective in that sufferers gain relationships with other addicts to help manage addictive behaviors (clients hold each other accountable).
- Clients can also delve into the dynamics of their addictive process which allows them to gain insight into the relationship between their core beliefs and sexually addictive behaviors.
- Groups can help members gain intimate (platonic) relationships with others. This is valuable because “sex addicts often associate intimacy with sex and often have difficulty establishing meaningful nonsexual relationships with others” (Hook, Hook, & Hines, 2008, p. 223-224).
• It should be noted a variety of treatments are available such as psychoeducational groups, cognitive-behavioral groups, psychodynamic groups, couples groups, and self-help groups
• Individual and group therapy are the most successful forms of therapy for sex addicts.
Sex, the Internet, Porn, and Addictions
By Ashley Johnson and Bethany Stafford
Louisiana State University Shreveport
Part 3
Part 4
Part 5
Part 6
Internet Addiction, otherwise known as computer addiction, online addiction, or Internet addiction disorder (IAD), covers a variety of impulse-control problems, including:

Cybersex Addiction – compulsive use of Internet pornography, adult chat rooms, or adult fantasy role-play sites impacting negatively on real-life intimate relationships.
Cyber-Relationship Addiction – addiction to social networking, chat rooms, texting, and messaging to the point where virtual, online friends become more important than real-life relationships with family and friends.
Net Compulsions – such as compulsive online gaming, gambling, stock trading, or compulsive use of online auction sites such as eBay, often resulting in financial and job-related problems.
Information Overload – compulsive web surfing or database searching, leading to lower work productivity and less social interaction with family and friends.
Computer Addiction – obsessive playing of off-line computer games, such as Solitaire or Minesweeper, or obsessive computer programming.

The most common of these Internet addictions are cybersex, online gambling, and cyber-relationship addiction.

The DSM V has "Internet Use Disorder" under a section for disorders needing further study. Additionally, the DSM V includes a section for online gaming addiction.
Signs and Risk Factors in Internet Addiction
People with the following are at greater risk of developing internet addiction:
Anxiety
Depression
Other Addictions
Lack of Social Support
Adolescent unhappiness (teenager syndrome)
New disability or are just less mobile than before
Stress
Physical symptoms:
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (pain and numbness in hands and wrists)
Dry eyes or strained vision
Back aches and neck aches; severe headaches
Sleep disturbances
Pronounced weight gain or weight loss
A 2012 study found that internet addiction has a similar effect on the brain as many drugs like cocaine and heroin.
A 2009 study found that teens who are addicted to the internet are twice as likely to harm themselves and other teens
How does one know if they are addicted to sex?
For most adults, healthy sexuality is an integrated life experience. Sex with partners, with self, or as a part of exploring new relationships is usually a pleasurable act of choice. For sexual addicts however, sexual behavior can be most often defined by words such as driven, compulsive, and hidden. Unlike healthy sex that is integrated into relationships, sexual addicts use sex as a means to cope, to handle boredom, anxiety, and other powerful feelings or as a way to feel important, wanted, or powerful.
About 50% of people online lie about their age, weight, job, marital status, or gender.
What is it that makes people like sex so much?
While the cause for sex addiction is mostly unknown, some of the harms of sex addiction include:
Poor decision making and uncharacteristic behaviors. Individuals with sex addiction might be more likely to engage in "hook ups" prompting exposure a higher chance criminal victimization
Because the addicted individual's focus is elsewhere, protection and other means of safe sex may not be put in place. This can result in contracting STIs or unwanted pregnancies.
In addition to possibly damaging or ruining relationships with others, sex addicts also run the risk of have lower self-esteem. Especially if they feel they must do embarrassing or demeaning things in order to get sex.
Social harms:
Decreased grades
Trouble maintaining in person relationships
Problems with parents/family
Unrealistic expectations of relationships
Difficulty communicating effectively in person to person conversations
Much like with internet addiction, research has found that porn addiction has similar effects on the brain as drugs, and some say this is why porn can be addicting
Many porn addicts use porn as a means to deal with stress, depression, anxiety, and other problems
Some researchers find that addiction to porn can increase aggressive attitudes towards women and often desensitizing an individual to rape and sexual assault
A correlation exists between people who are addicted to pornography and commit sexual crimes
Looking at pornography makes sex in real life less satisfying, thus leading to relationship problems and infedelity
Treatment Techniques:
Due to the nature of these addictions, the typical abstinence practices aren't always useful. Other techniques include:
Practicing the opposite: reorganizing someones time/daily schedule to limit exposure to their addiction
Using external prompters: allowing for use of the addiction, but making sure there is an external prompter in place that will end the session (i.e. going to work).
Reminder cards placed in appropriate locations to remind the client about the dangers of their addictions or the consequences they face
Personal Inventory: having the client evaluate their addiction and what they use for it and prioritize what is the most important and what is the least important
References:
Block, J. J. (2008, March 1). Issues for DSM-V: Internet Addiction. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 165(3), 306-307. Retrieved from Google Scholar.

Briken, P. (2007). Diagnosis and Treatment of Sexual Addiction: A Survey among German Sex Therapists. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, 14(2), 131-143.

Goodman, A. (1998). Sexual addiction: An integrated approach. Madison, CT: International Universities Press

Hook , J., Hook, J., & Hines, S. (2008). Reach out or act out: long term group therapy for sexual addiction. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, 15(3), 217-232. doi: 10.1080/10720160802288829

Internet & Computer Addiction: Signs, Symptoms, and Treatment (n.d.). In Help Guide. Retrieved October 28, 2013, from http://www.helpguide.org/mental/internet_cybersex_addiction.htm

Nextphase Inc. (2013). Pornography statistics. Retrieved from http://www.familysafemedia.com/pornography_statistics.html

Sex Addiction (n.d.). In Project Know: Understanding Addiction. Retrieved October 28, 2013, from http://www.projectknow.com/research/sex-addiction/

Smith, D. E. (2012). Editor's Note: The Process Addictions and the New ASAM Definition of Addiction. Journal Of Psychoactive Drugs, 44(1), 1-4. doi:10.1080/02791072.2012.662105

Statistics on porn & sex addiction. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://bebroken.com/bb/resources/newsletters/stats.print.shtml

Teen Internet Addicts More Likely to Self-Harm: Study. (2009, December 3). US News. Retrieved October 28, 2013, from Google Scholar.

References Cont.

The Effects of Pornography (n.d.). In Fight the New Drug. Retrieved October 28, 2013, from http://www.fightthenewdrug.org/science/

Watson, L. (2012, January 11). Internet addiction can be as harmful to teenagers' brains as cocaine and cannabis Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-2085516/Internet-addiction-harmful-teenagers-brains-cocaine-cann. In Mail Online. Retrieved October 28, 2013, from Google Scholar

Wilson, M. (2000). Creativity and Shame Reduction in Sex Addiction Treatment. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, 7(4), 229-248.

Young, K. S. (1999). Internet Addiction: Symptoms, Evaluation, And Treatment. Innovations in Clinical Practice, 17. Retrieved from Google Scholar.

Zitzman, T. S., & Butler, H. M. (2005). Attachment, addiction, and recovery: Conjoint marital therapy for recovery from a sexual addiction. Sexual Addiction and Compulsivity,12 (3), 311-337
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